Vaccination and MedicationPrograms for Small Poultry Flocks
Dr. Nathaniel L. Tablante
Associate Professor and Extension Poultry VeterinarianVA-MD Regional College of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of Maryland College Park8075 GreenmeadDriveCollege Park, MD 20742Tel. firstname.lastname@example.org
?•Do I need to vaccinate? Why or why not?•If yes, when, how, and with what?
?•Do I need to medicate? Why or why not?•If yes, when, how, and with what?
•What is vaccination?
–Inoculation with a specificbiological substance(
) to stimulateresistance or
to aparticular disease –Usually, the antigen is asmall dose an
(weakened) organism thattriggers the body’s defensemechanism to produce
or certain celltypes to attack the invadingorganism
Why small flock owners seldomvaccinate their birds
•Rarely have disease problems•Unaware that disease is present•Do not get the disease(s) properly diagnosed•Do not know where to purchase vaccines•Vaccines are too expensive because theyusually come in 500, 1000, or 10000 dose vials
Do I need to vaccinate my birds?
•You may not need tovaccinate your birds if:
•Your flock is “closed”, i.e.new birds are neverintroduced and birds thatleave your farm are not•Your flock has beendisease-free and there areno diseases that areprevalent in your area