\ue000link two nouns using \u2013\ud558\uace0;
\ue000describe objects using new descriptive verbs;
\ue000use descriptive verbs pre-nominally (like adjectives);
The locative particle \u2013\uc5d0 is attached to a noun to indicate that the noun
serves as the place in which the subject of the sentence is located. As
such, the particle \u2013\uc5d0 is frequently used with the verbs of existence. The
basic pattern is this:
In the first sentence above, Sumi Kim is the subject, and so is marked by
the nominative particle \u2013\uac00. The noun\ubbf8\uad6d 'United States' names Sumi's
current location, and so it marked by the locative particle \u2013\uc5d0. In the
second sentence, note the use of the honorific verb of existence,\uacc4 \uc2dc\ub2e4.
In the third sentence, the locative phrase \uc6b0\ub9ac \uc9d1\uc5d0 'at our house' has
been moved to the front of the sentence, while the subject of the verb,
adjacent to the verb of non-existence,\uc5c6 \ub2e4. By moving the location to the front, we emphasize that at our house there is no cat, but that there might be a cat at someone else's house.
\u2026 are both perfectly grammatical. Moreover, both convey the same
basic information: at a given place ('our house') a certain object ('a cat')
does not exist. The difference between them lies in the emphasis that the
speaker wishes to convey.
The locative particle \u2013\uc5d0 is very vague in its meaning. To further specify
the location of an object relative to some other object, Korean uses
elements called postpositions. The postpositions of Korean are similar to
the prepositions of English: the main difference is how the two languages
create the post-/pre-positional phrases.
As we can see above, Korean postpositions are placed after (that is,
"post") the noun that names the location:\ucc45\uc0c1\uc704 desk-on. In English,
prepositions are placed before (that is, "pre") the noun that names the
location: on the desk.
Given that these postpositions are very often used to indicate the location
of the subject, it's extremely common that they appear with the locative
In Korean, a question word such as\uc5b4\ub514 is not moved to the front of the sentence (as is done in English). Rather,\uc5b4\ub514 occupies the same location in the sentence that the corresponding answer would occupy.
Note that when answering a question with\uc5b4\ub514, it isnot necessary to
repeat the subject. You do, however, need to explicitly mention the
location, and remember to mark it with the locative particle \u2013\uc5d0.
The particle \u2013\ud558\uace0 is one of several ways to connect two nouns in a way analogous to the conjunction "and" in English. To use \u2013\ud558\uace0, attach it to the first noun:
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