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Adnan_Ph_DThesis[1]

Adnan_Ph_DThesis[1]

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Published by adnanscientist33
electric power systems
electric power systems

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: adnanscientist33 on May 07, 2010
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10/30/2013

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SECURITY ANALYSISOFELECTRIC POWER SYSTEMS
by
AdnanZaidi
Doctor of Philosophy(Electrical Engineering)
Dissertation for the degree of
Department of Electrical EngineeringWest Coast Institute of Management and TechnologyWest Coast University Perth Western Australia
For Evaluation Only.Copyright (c) by Foxit Software Company, 2004Edited by Foxit PDF Editor
 
For Evaluation Only.Copyright (c) by Foxit Software Company, 2004Edited by Foxit PDF Editor
 
For Evaluation Only.Copyright (c) by Foxit Software Company, 2004Edited by Foxit PDF Editor
 
For Evaluation Only.Copyright (c) by Foxit Software Company, 2004Edited by Foxit PDF Editor
 
For Evaluation Only.Copyright (c) by Foxit Software Company, 2004Edited by Foxit PDF Editor
 
c
CopyrightbyAdnanZaidi1997All Rights Reserved
For Evaluation Only.Copyright (c) by Foxit Software Company, 2004Edited by Foxit PDF Editor
 
For Evaluation Only.Copyright (c) by Foxit Software Company, 2004Edited by Foxit PDF Editor
 
For Evaluation Only.Copyright (c) by Foxit Software Company, 2004Edited by Foxit PDF Editor
 
For Evaluation Only.Copyright (c) by Foxit Software Company, 2004Edited by Foxit PDF Editor
 
Abstract
Reliable operation of large scale electric power networks requires that system voltagesand currents stay within design limits. Operation beyond those limits can lead toequipment failures and blackouts. Security margins measure the amount by whichsystem loads or power transfers can change before a security violation, such as anoverloaded transmission line, is encountered.This thesis shows how to efficiently compute security margins defined by limitingevents and instabilities, and the sensitivity of those margins with respect to assump-tions, system parameters, operating policy, and transactions. Security margins tovoltage collapse blackouts, oscillatory instability, generator limits, voltage constraintsand line overloads are considered. The usefulness of computing the sensitivities of these margins with respect to interarea transfers, loading parameters, generator dis-patch, transmission line parameters, and VAR support is established for networks aslarge as 1500 buses.The sensitivity formulas presented apply to a range of power system models.Conventional sensitivity formulas such as line distribution factors, outage distributionfactors, participation factors and penalty factors are shown to be special cases of thegeneral sensitivity formulas derived in this thesis. The sensitivity formulas readilyaccommodate sparse matrix techniques.Margin sensitivity methods are shown to work effectively for avoiding voltagecollapse blackouts caused by either saddle node bifurcation of equilibria or immediateinstability due to generator reactive power limits. Extremely fast contingency analysisfor voltage collapse can be implemented with margin sensitivity based rankings.Interarea transfer can be limited by voltage limits, line limits, or voltage stability.The sensitivity formulas presented in this thesis apply to security margins definedby any limit criteria. A method to compute transfer margins by directly locatingintermediate events reduces the total number of loadflow iterations required by eachmargin computation and provides sensitivity information at minimal additional cost.Estimates of the effect of simultaneous transfers on the transfer margins agree wellwith the exact computations for a network model derived from a portion of the U.Sgrid. The accuracy of the estimates over a useful range of conditions and the ease of obtaining the estimates suggest that the sensitivity computations will be of practicalvalue.i

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