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The Red stamp by Miklos Pinther

The Red stamp by Miklos Pinther

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Published by Irene Eng
Chinese Philately .. The “Whole Country is Red” small stamp, Scott no. 999A and large stamp, Yang no. W83.
Chinese Philately .. The “Whole Country is Red” small stamp, Scott no. 999A and large stamp, Yang no. W83.

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Irene Eng on May 07, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/25/2012

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The stamp was designed by Guido Bach,who was commissioned to do so by Wa-terlow and Sons. The first supplies of thisstamp were printed in London, later sheets were recess printed by the Govern-ment Printer in Wellington, New Zealand.Each sheet of stamps consisted of 240stamps, arranged in 10 horizontal rowseach of 24.
Inside this issue:
New Zealand, First Map. 1Errors on Map Stamps. 3Miniature Messages. 4Lesotho Water Project. 5Denmark and Its Maps 7Andrea Palladio 9Tiki Tour 10
New Zealand's First Map Stamp,
 
 by Brian Marshall.
 
Special points of interest:
 
At the Auctions 6Society News 8New Issue Illustrations 10Check List 11Ballot 16
In 1901 New Zealand introduced a uni-form postal rate of one penny for all firstclass mail, regardless of whether the mailwas destined for delivery within NewZealand or to somewhere overseas. Manycountries agreed to this, and dropped their own postal rates accordingly, while other countries, including the United States,France and Germany, agreed to acceptletters from New Zealand carrying one penny postage only, without charging postage due. Australia, New Zealand'snearest neighbour, on the other handthreatened to return any letters that car-ried only one penny postage.To commemorate the introduction of  penny postage in New Zealand, a newstamp was issued, commonly known asthe Penny Universal. It is New Zealand'smost studied stamp, mainly because itwas in use for a long time, so various plates, different papers, and different per-forating machines were used.
   T   h  e   N  e  w   C  a  r   t  o   P   h   i   l  a   t  e   l   i  s   t
    ©
 
   C   O   L   L   E   C   T   O   R   S   O   F   M   A   P   S   O   N   S   T   A   M   P   S
Whole Number 28January 2010
(continued on page 2) 
 
 “Penny Universal” 
 
 “Penny Dominion” 
 
The stamp has as its design a femalefigure denoting New Zealand, standing infront of a globe. This has caused some toconsider this stamp to be New Zealand'sfirst map stamp. The CartoPhilatelic Soci-ety's Checklist lists it as New Zealand's
first “map stamp”. The design is clearly a
globe, but it is not possible to locate any particular place on the globe
 – 
not even New Zealand.One newspaper response to the designsuggested it was actually a school teacher trying to teach geography to an uninter-ested class, and holding on to a cane.The stamp was also issued with an OF-FICIAL overprint, for use on mail sent bygovernment departments, and was over- printed for use in the south Pacific islandsof Aitutaki, Niue and Penrhyn.In 1907 the stamp was slightly redrawn,and reissued. New Zealand became a Do-minion in 1907, and the stamp now hasthe wording DOMINION OF NEW ZEA-LAND. The lines of shading on the globewere drawn diagonally, whereas in the1901 version they appear vertically. The
 plates for the “Penny Dominion” (as it is
commonly called), were made by Perkins,Bacon and Company, and the stampswere surface-printed by the GovernmentPrinter in Wellington. The final printingof the Penny Universal took place in
1926. The “Penny Dominion” was also
issued with an OFFICIAL overprint, andwas overprinted for use in Aitutaki, Niue,Rarotonga and Samoa. It was also over- printed to commemorate the AucklandExhibition of 1913.
 
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A quite different view was given bythe American cartophilatelist Walter Klinefelter. Writing in the September 1955 issue of the
Carto-Philatelist 
he
commented that the map stamp was “...a
very fine example of cartography re-duced to its bare essentials....here is asmall stamp so unpretentious in appear-ance that its excellence may easily beoverlooked. Yet the uncrowded compo-sition, the narrow frame of native deco-rative elements, the restrained lettering,all combine to provide a simple austeredesign. In short, it is the very simplicityof the design that recommends it for 
more intent consideration”.
My personal view is that this stamp fits
into the “ugly duckling” category, butnevertheless is suitable for “more intentconsideration” because it is New Zea-
land's first map stamp, and the different printings give it an interesting complex-
ity worthy of study.■
  New Zealand's first true map stampwas issued in 1923.Penny postage, introduced in New Zea-land in 1901, remained the standard rateuntil 1915, when rates were increased because of the First World War. In 1923the New Zealand Government decidedto reintroduce penny postage within New Zealand, to places in the BritishEmpire, and to countries with which New Zealand had special postal agree-ments. Robert Francis (Frank) Joyce,who was active in New Zealand phila-telic circles, suggested that the design onthe stamp should be a map of New Zea-land, to allow for easy recognition of thecountry of origin on any mail carryingthe stamp, and the Postmaster-Generalgave his approval. William Rose Bock,a Wellington engraver, was given thetask of preparing the design and engrav-ing a steel die for the production of the printing plates. The stamps were printedin Wellington by the Stamp PrintingBranch of the Government Printing Of-fice, and were made available to the public on 1 October 1923.Immediately there was a problem.When the first printings were made itwas discovered that a chemical reactionwas set up between the copper surface of the plate and the ink, resulting in thecolour being affected and the plate be-ginning to wear. Just two days after thestamp went on sale it was necessary tomanufacture a new plate. Printings fromthe first and second plates were made onde la Rue chalk-surfaced paper. InMarch 1924 a switch was made to Jonesthick chalk-surfaced paper, and in 1925a further switch was made to Cowanunsurfaced paper. The stamps printed onthe Cowan paper are the scarcest to find.The stamps printed on the de la Rue andJones papers consisted of sheets of 240stamps each, in ten horizontal rows of 24. The stamps printed on the Cowan
(NZ first map stamp, continued. from p1.) 
 paper appeared in sheets of 120 stampseach, in ten horizontal rows of 12. Thecolour of the stamps printed on the de laRue and Jones papers is usually de-scribed as carmine, whereas the colour for the stamp printed on the Cowan pa- per is usually described as carmine-pink.The stamp remained on sale until stocksran out in 1925.The stamp also appeared pre-printed onlettercards from 1923 through to 1927.Reaction to the design was generallyunfavourable. Noted philatelists of theday commented adversely on the overalldesign, commenting that the inscriptionsat the bottom of the stamp were rather too large and heavy, while the value infigures and the lettering for NEW ZEA-LAND were too small. It was also notedthat the space in the center of the stampwas not large enough for an accuratemap to be shown. The editor of the
 New Zealand Stamp Collector 
referred to the
stamp as an “ugly duckling,” the
 New Zealand Herald 
dismissed the stamp as
“somewhat plain,” and a comment was
made that the map must have been cop-ied from an early chart of New Zealandmade before the coastline had been properly surveyed. A strongly wordedletter to the editor of the
 New Zealand  Herald 
 
argued that “...it is not a map at
all: it is a very incorrect outline, with thecountry itself as blank as an unexplored
continent!....the result is that we have …
an utterly faulty ground plan of this fair Dominion... It is by far the pooreststamp ever issued in New Zealand, both
in design and execution.”
 
Brian Marshall M.A., Dip.N.Z.L.S.,FLIANZA, RLIANZA.Subject Librarian
 – 
Geography andEnvironmental Science.Room M11Level M, General Library,University of Auckland,5 Alfred Street, Auckland,Private Bag 92019,Auckland Mail Centre,Auckland 1142, New Zealand.Phone: 64 - 9 - 3737599 ext. 88452 bw.marshall@auckland.ac.nz
Map showing New Zealand'scorrect outline.Outline of New Zealand as shownon the 1923 map stamp.
 
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In 1999 Jean-Pierre Mangin, Presidentof the European Academy of Philatelia published the first of two volumes of his
Guide Mondial des Timbres Erronés.
 
He identified his subject as “...errors of 
conception and creation that affect en-tire issues and convey a different mes-
sage from that intended.” It is to such
errors that this article is directed withone more limitation. The stamp issuesunder consideraton all have maps astheir subject. There are over 250 mapstamps with design errors. In a series of articles in
The New CartoPhilatelist 
Ihave examined about fifty of them. Inthis article I will focus on four more.First, a bit of introduction. The errorsin question are not the notorious pro-duction errors which effect one or twostamps, but
design errors
, which effectthe whole issue. For example, Germany2019 issued in 1998. This is a very nicestamp which includes in its design aship and a portion of a map. All is welluntil we remember some physics. No-tice the flags that fly from the mastheads of the ship. They all fly towardthe rear of the ship. The wind which blows the flags must also power theship which is moving forward. So, if thewind is filling the sails from behindthen it must also be blowing the flagsfrom behind! On this stamp and severalothers the error is that the flags are blowing in the wrong direction.The Dominican Republic issued 351-355 in 1940 to commemorate the 50
th
 anniversary of the founding of the Pan-American Union in 1840. They featurea map of the western hemisphere encir-cled by the flags of the countries of theUnion. Here the problem is bad draw-ing. North America from the Mexican border with the United States to thecoast of South America looks like aThere are a number of drawing errorson the map. Africa is separated fromEurasia and the Strait of Gibraltar doesnot exist. North America is unrecogniz-able. Neither the Aleutian Islands, nor Japan appear on the map. Madagascar,Greenland and Ceylon are missing, andIndia is only a bump on the southerncoast of Asia. Cape Horn, which
emerges from behind the sculptor‟s
head, has a strange shape. The Cape of Good Hope is misshaped. Many islandsare omitted or misplaced.At first glance, Guatemala C141 issuedin 1946 it is a beautiful stamp. But thatis an illusion which disappears uponexamination. The frame and the bird arefine, but the map is a mess. On thewestern hemisphere there is a large is-land in the Gulf of Mexico and a strangeisland in the south Pacific, the shape of  North America is distorted and Hud-son's Bay is missing. On the easternhemisphere Europe appears as an islandseparated from Asia, the MediterraneanSea is missing, Africa is disconnectedfrom Asia Minor and Australia is almostas large as Asia. And finally, althoughthe dates on the stamp might indicatethat the stamp was issued in 1940, itwas in fact issued in 1946.
Errors on Map Stamps
,
 by Diedrik Nelson.
Germany, Sc 2019
string bean. The Equator bisects Cen-tral America. It should pass throughthe northern part of South America.Vancouver Island seems to be attachedto the mainland. Baja California is toosmall. Cuba should be due south of Florida (Where is Florida?). The islandof Hispaniola, which is the location of the Dominican Republic should be duewest of Cuba. The shape and locationof the land masses in the Arctic arewrong. Hudson Bay and Newfoundlandare missing. Nicaragua issued a stamp in 1954 tohonor the United Nations as indicated by the legend at the bottom of thestamp. The design has the emblem of the United Nations being engraved by asculptor.
Dominican Republic Sc 351-355
These stamps illustrate the errors madeand passed over by those who createour stamps. Such errors are made byevery postal service, and mostly with-out correction. For the most part theonly ones corrected are those that havean incorrect value for the stamp.
Guatemala Sc C141.Nicaragua SC 750.
(continued on page 4.) 

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