Mª JOSE PEREZ
Music composed for small instrumental ensembles and performed without aconductor. Traditionally intended for performance in a room or reception hall,often solely for the performers' own pleasure, chamber music is now often heardin concert halls.It began with the 16th-century instrumental consort, and long continued to beassociated with aristocratic households.A
is a group of severalmusicianswho gather to performmusic. There are several denominations of ensembles according with their sizeand composition.The terms
are usedto describe groups of two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, and nine musicians,respectively.
is formed by a polyphonic instrument (e.g. piano, harp,guitar, harpsichord…) and a melodic one ( e.g. flute, trumpet, oboe,violin…)
A standard ensemble is the
violin, viola, cello
piano, violin, cello
Remains the best-known chamber genre and ensemble.