Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Electronic Signals for Oceanic Altimetry by a Haider

Electronic Signals for Oceanic Altimetry by a Haider

Ratings: (0)|Views: 1|Likes:
Published by adnanscientist33

More info:

Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: adnanscientist33 on May 08, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/07/2010

pdf

text

original

 
Electronic signals for oceanic Altimetry
azaidi2@buffalo.edu@1997A Haider American Institute of Aeronautics & Astronautics
 
 
ABSTRACT
This paper investigates a potential application of GPSsignals for ocean altimetry. The altimetry information isderived from dual-frequency GPS signals reflected fromthe ocean surface and received at a low-altitude satellite.Such altimetry would be superior to conventional radar
altimetry in three respects: ( 1 ) Thanks to the global GPSconstellation, sea surface heights at up to 12 points can bedetermined instead of a single nadir point at any one time;
(2) The user satellite only need be equipped with a GPSreceiver which also serves as the receiver acquiring directGPS signals for orbit determination; and (3) The delayspread of the reflected signal is a function of the
sea-
surface roughness, so that this technique may allow
scatterometry-like
measurements of surface weather
conditions.
The paper addresses several criteria for the GPS altimetryto
k
viable. These include the signal strength, delaycharacteristics and polarization of the reflected GPSsignals, the receiver capability of discriminating andtracking these signals from the direct signats, thedetermination of the reflection points on the sea surface,
and the information content of these signals.
INTRODUCTION
Satellite onboard radar altimeter has been used exclusively
for precise measurement of ocean surface height inmodem years [ 1–3].
‘I%e
radar signal is transmittedvertically downward by the satellite, usually at lowaltitudes. The signal, upon reflection back from the oceansurface, is received by the same satellite. The oceansurface height can then be derived from the radar signaldelay and the precise height of the independentlydetermined satellite orbit. Since only a single shot of measurement directly below the satellite is made at anyone time, the satellite orbit has to be properly designedand measurements over a prolonged period of time are
required for a global coverage of the ocean.
GPS measurements have demonstrated to be capable of precise positioning of users on earth as well as on lowaltitude satellites. Positioning to cm-level accuracy hasbeen reported [4-6]. Can a highly-modified GPS receiverbe used to derive ocean topography by tracking the GPSsignals as they
retlect
from the ocean surface, leading to
low-cost altimetry missions?

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->