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GAAP

GAAP

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Published by ibnulwaqt

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Published by: ibnulwaqt on May 08, 2010
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03/07/2013

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GAAP
(
Generally Accepted Accounting Principles
):
GAAP is the term used to refer to the standard framework of guidelines for financial accounting used inany given jurisdictionA common set of accounting concepts, standards, and procedures by which financial statements areprepared.The rules used to calculate and report information in the financial statements.GAAP is theAmericanizedterm used to refer to the standard framework of guidelines for financial accountingused in any given jurisdiction which are generally known as Accounting Standards. GAAPincludes the standards, conventions, and rules accountants follow in recording and summarizingtransactions, and in the preparation of financialFinancial accounting is information that must be assembled and reported objectively. Third-parties whomust rely on such information have a right to be assured that the data are free from bias andinconsistency, whether deliberate or not. For this reason, financial accounting relies on certain standardsor guides that are called "Generally Accepted Accounting Principles" (GAAP).Principles derive from tradition, such as the concept of matching. In any report of financial statements(audit, compilation, review, etc.), the preparer/auditor must indicate to the reader whether or not theinformation contained within the statements complies with GAAP.
Principle of regularity: Regularity can be defined as conformity to enforced rules and laws.
Principle of consistency: This principle states that when a business has once fixed a method for the accounting treatment of an item, it will enter all similar items that follow in exactly the same way.
Principle of sincerity: According to this principle, the accounting unit should reflect in good faiththe reality of the company's financial status.
Principle of the permanence of methods: This principle aims at allowing the coherence andcomparison of the financial information published by the company.
Principle of non-compensation: One should show the full details of the financial information andnot seek to compensate a debt with an asset, a revenue with an expense, etc. (see convention of conservatism)
Principle of prudence: This principle aims at showing the reality "as is" : one should not try tomake things look prettier than they are. Typically, a revenue should be recorded only when itis
certain
and a provision should be entered for an expense which is
 probable
.

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