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Intermedia ng Indang - Kabanata 11

Intermedia ng Indang - Kabanata 11

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Ang Panunungkulan ni Mr. Mariano Mondonedo sa Indang Farm School (1915-1919).
Ang Panunungkulan ni Mr. Mariano Mondonedo sa Indang Farm School (1915-1919).

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Published by: Daniel Mendoza-Anciano on May 08, 2010
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02/25/2013

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KABANATA 11ANG ADMINISTRASYONNI Mr. MARIANO MONDOÑEDO (1915-1919)
204
Sa taong 1915, pinairal ni Gobernador Heneral Francis BurtonHarison ang patakarang Pilipinisayon sa mgatanggapan ng pamahalaan. Layunin nito namailagay ang mga Pilipinong mayroong kakayahansa mga mahahalagang posisyon sa pamahalaan,lalo na sa bahagi ng edukasyon. Direktangnasaksihan ng mga mamamayan ng Indang angimplikasyon ng patakarang Pilipinisasyon sapagkakatalaga kay Mr. Mariano Mondoñedo bilangunang
 principal 
na Pilipino ng Indang Farm Schoolnoong 1915.Sa sulat na ipinadala ng kaniyang anak na si Mr. JoseMondonedo sa nagsasaliksik ay sinalaysay nito ang mga sumusunod:My father Mariano was born on August 15, 1887 to a family of tobacco farmers in Gamu, Isabela, Philippines. At aboutthe close of the Filipino-American conflict, he gotacquainted with the soldiers of the American Military Forces garrisoned in his home town. Impressed by thecharacter and potential of young Mariano, the GarrisonCommander recommended his inclusion in the first groupof Filipino scholars (known as ´pensionadosµ) selected andsponsored by the U.S. Government to continue their studiesin the United States. The first group of 102 pensionados leftin1903 aboard a troop ship for the United States. At 16 years of age my father was apparently one of the youngestin this group and could only communicate in his nativeIbanag dialect and in Castellano, the medium of instructionin the Spanish school system at that time.Without the equivalent high school preparationrequired to enter the colleges in the United States, Marianospent the first year in and around Washington D.C.,learning English and catching up on his scholasticdeficiencies. Having come from the farm, he was thenenrolled in 1904 at the Iowa State College of Agricultureand Mechanic Arts in Ames, Iowa, concentrating hiscourses in the fields of animal husbandry and agronomy.As required of the first group of pensionados, they participated in the St. Louis World·s Fair of 1904 toshowcase the Philippines, the newly acquired territory of the United States. While some of them served as guides tothe Philippine pavilion, my father was also in the exhibit as
 
Intermedia
 
ng
 
Indang
/ A
nciano
 205
the aboriginal tree dweller in the ´boondocksµ. He alsorelated how he and some of his pensionado companionsaugmented their subsistence allowance by preparing theirmeals with fish heads, livers, kidneys and other trimmingsthat are normal discards from the butcher shops. They were food fares in their home country. He was alsovery much in awe with the big cities and extensive farms of grains, fruits and vegetables in the country, the industrialrevolution fueling the great economic growth at that time.A lengthy illness in 1908, however, prevented himfrom completing his last year of studies so that he returnedto the Philippines without completing the bachelor degree.His collegiate courses, however, served him well as ateacher at the rural schools in the province of Cavite wherehe met my mother, Maria del Rosario, a home economicsteacher from Kawit, Cavite.
1
 Sa pag-uwi ni Mr. Mondoñedo, ang kaniyang pagiging
 pensionado 
 ay naging malaking adbantehiya sa kaniya sa pagkakapuwesto sapamahalaan, gaya ng matutunghayan sa pag-uulat ng Kawanihan ngedukasyon sa panahong iyon.A circular has currently issued by the Director of Education announcing to division superintendents thepolicy of assigning Filipino teachers with specialpreparation, as, for example, those educated in the UnitedStates and graduates of the Insular Normal and TradeSchools, to the most difficult work which they arepresumably capable of perfoming. This policy has beendetermined by the great need for teachers in advanced andspecial work and by the desire to place large responsibilitiesupon these young men and women and give them widestpossible opportunities to exercise the ability and dispensethe knowledge which they are pressumed to posses. Thosewho are found to be incapable of doing the work to whichthe are assigned will be reduced in position and salary.
2
 Sa pag-aaral sa ilang nalalabing mga dokumento ay tinatantiya naang Indang ang kaniyang naging unang destino na matutunghayan sakaniyang ginawang pagtuturo sa ginanap na
Normal Institute 
sa Indangnoong 1909.
1 Mula sa e-mail na ipinadala ni Mr. Jose Mondoñedo noong June 10, 2008para sa nagsasaliksik.2 10th ARTDE:16
 
206
Kabanata 11 ²Mr. Mariano Mononedo (1915-1919)
Binata si Mr. Mondoñedo nang dumating sa Indang at nanligaw saisang prominenteng gurong babae na mula sa Kawit na si Miss Maria delRosario. Ang nasabing guro ay kaniyang napangasawa noong 1914 at sapanahon ng kanilang paglilingkod sa Indang Farm School sila nagkaroonng mga unang anak na sina had Osmundo in 1915, Virginia, Abelardo atmaaring si bago nila iwanan ang Indang noong 1919.
3
 Sa pagsunod sa ilang mga dokumento sa kapanahunang iyon ay lumilitaw na sa kaniya nararapat ibigay ang kaukulang kredito sa pag-aalaga at popularidad ng
cantonese chicken 
na ipinamudmod ng IFS saiba·t ibang paaralan sa kapuluan.Isang bagay ang nanatiling misteryo sa nagsasaliksik ukol kay Mr.Mondeedo, sa kabila ng istatus nito na isang
 pensionado 
ng Pilipinas saAmerika at pagiging guro sa Indang Farm School ay hindi siyanakabilang sa listahan ng mayroong mga
item position 
ng serbisyo sibilmula sa 1912 hanggang 1915.
Ang Ulat Ukol sa Indang Farm School 1915-16
Ang Indang Farm School sa Taong Paaralan ng 1915-16 ay mayroong pitong guro. Ang mga mag-aaral ay binubuo ng 102 lalaki at47 babae o kabuuang 149 sa lahat ng grado (mula V-VII). May lawak na9.5 hektarya at ang 7.5 hektarya ay ginagagamit sa pagsasaka.Mayroong dalawang baka na ginagamit sa bukid. Tatlong baboy at 57manok na inaalagaan sa loob ng paaralan. Kumita ng P432.00 sapagbibili ng hayop, P586.00 sa mga nakatanim na halaman, P 28.00 saprutas, at P45 sa iba·t iba pang produkto na gawa sa paaralan. Sakabuuan ay kumita ito ng P1,354.00. Sinuportahan ang gastusin ngpaaralan sa pamamagitan ng pondo na mula sa pamahalaang insular nanagkakahalaga ng P 4,970 at tulong na P 300 mula sa pamahalaangprobinsiyal.
4
 Ang pinakamahalagang kaganapan para sa Indang Farm Schoolsa panahong ito ay ang mapabilang sa isa sa 28 paaralan sa Pilipinas nanagtamo ng medalayang ginto sa ginanap na Panama-PacificInternational Exposition ng 1915.
5
Napakahalaga ng pagtatamong
3 Mula sa e-mail ni Jose MondoñedoAng anak ni Mr. Mondonedo na si Osmundo ay naging opisyal ng HukbongSandatahan ng Pilipinas. Sa panahon ng pagiging major ng HukbongSandatahan ay naglingkod na military attache ng Pilipinas sa Washington D. C,noong maging koronel ay naging ayudante ni Pangulong Magsaysay at unangnakipag-usap sa mga Huk para umpisahan ang usapang pang-kapayapaan.4 17th ARTDE5 16th ARTDEAng Panama-Pacific International Exposition ay isang pandaigdigangpagtatanghal na Ginanap sa Sa San Francisco, California mula Pebrero 20hanggang Disyembre Disyembre 4, 1915. Ito ay bilang pagdiriwang sa pagka-

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