I BSc Geology: University College: Lakes A.P.Pradeepkumar March 2010Trivandrum, Kerala, India email@example.com
I BSc University College: Lakes, Estuaries and LagoonsSedimentary environments are places where sediments collect and sedimentary rocksform. They can be grouped into three main areas: terrestrial (land), marine, andtransitional (border) environments.1. Terrestrial sedimentary environments (land)(a) Rivers, streams, and ponds
(c) Swamps(d) Deserts(e) Glacial environment2. Transitional environments (border areas between the land and marine environments)(a) Beach and barrier islands(b) Delta
(c) Lagoons(d) Estuaries
3. Marine environments(a) Continental shelf (b) Continental slope and rise (deep sea fans)(c) Abyssal plain(d) Reefs
Lakes are defined as bodies of slow moving water surrounded by land. They representabout 2 per cent of the Earth’s surface but contain only about 0.01 per cent of the world’swater. They are temporary features of the landscape on a geological timescale, but theycan exist for very long periods and therefore strongly influence the human developmentof a region. Lakes can also provide a record of the region’s environmental history in their sedimentary record. The term shoreline is used for the coastlines of lakes, estuaries andlagoons, where the tide range is generally small and the intertidal zone narrow or non-existent. The Caspian Sea is the largest inland body of water in the world and accountsfor 40 to 44 percent of the total lacustrine waters of the world. It is a saltwater lake thatlies between Europe and Asia (surface area 371,000 sq. km).
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