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CHAtmosphereEquilibrium

CHAtmosphereEquilibrium

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Published by: OCRChemistrySalters on May 08, 2010
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05/08/2010

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Le Chatelier¶s Principle
If an equilibrium is disturbed by:-
1) Adding or removing reactants or products;2) Changing the pressure;3) Changing the temperature;the equilibrium will shift to oppose the change.
 
1)
 Adding or Removing Reactants or Products
chromate / dichromate equilibrium
CrO
42
 _
(aq)
+2H
+
(aq)
Cr 
2
O
72
 _
(aq)
+H
2
O
(l)
Yelloworange
Adding Acid
disturbs the equilibrium, adding a reactant (H
+
ions).The equilibrium position will shift to the right to oppose the change.This shift removes the excess
H
+
ions and converts chromate ions todichromate ions (the solution changes from yellow to orange)
Adding Alkali
disturbs the equilibrium, removing a reactant ( H
+
ions)The equilibrium position will shift to the left to oppose the change.This shift produces more
H
+
ions and converts dichromate ions tochromate ions (the solution changes from orange to yellow).
 
2) Changing the Pressure
An increase in pressure will shift the equilibrium in thedirection that produces the least moles of gas.
e.g.
2NO
2
(g)
N
2
O
4
(g)BrownColourless
2 moles1 mole
This equilibrium would shift to the right if the pressure wasincreased (turning colourless).This would oppose the increase in pressure, because thereare less moles of gas on the right hand side of theequation.

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