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The Patriot's History Of the United States

The Patriot's History Of the United States

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Published by buenanueva
By: Larry Schweikart
By: Larry Schweikart

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Published by: buenanueva on May 08, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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A Patriot’s History of the United StatesA Patriot’s History of the United StatesFROM COLUMBUS’S GREAT DISCOVERY TO THE WAR ON TERRORLarry Schweikart and Michael AllenSENTINELSENTINELPublished by the Penguin GroupPenguin Group (USA) Inc., 375 Hudson Street, New York, New York 10014, U.S.A.Penguin Books Canada Ltd, 10 Alcorn Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M4V 3B2Penguin Books Ltd, 80 Strand, London WC2R 0RL, EnglandPenguin Books Australia Ltd, 250 Camberwell Road, Camberwell, Victoria 3124, AustraliaPenguin Books India (P) Ltd, 11 Community Centre, Panchsheel Park, New Delhi–110 017, IndiaPenguin Group (NZ), Cnr Airborne and Rosedale Roads, Albany, Auckland 1310, NewZealandPenguin Books (South Africa) (Pty) Ltd, 24 Sturdee Avenue, Rosebank, Johannesburg 2196, SouthAfricaPenguin Books Ltd, Registered Offices: 80 Strand, London WC2R 0RL, EnglandFirst published in 2004 by Sentinel, a member of Penguin Group (USA) Inc.Copyright © Larry Schweikart and Michael Allen, 2004All rights reservedCIP DATA AVAILABLE.ISBN: 1-4295-2229-1Without limiting the rights under copyright reserved above, no part of this publication may bereproduced, stored in or introduced into a retrieval system, or transmitted, inany form or by anymeans (electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise), without the prior writtenpermission of both the copyright owner and the above publisher of this book.The scanning, uploading, and distribution of this book via the Internet or via any other meanswithout the permission of the publisher is illegal and punishable by law. Pleasepurchase onlyauthorized electronic editions and do not participate in or encourage electronicpiracy ofcopyrighted materials. Your support of the author’s rights is appreciated.To Dee and Adam—Larry SchweikartFor my mom—Michael AllenACKNOWLEDGMENTSLarry Schweikart would like to thank Jesse McIntyre and Aaron Sorrentino for their contribution tocharts and graphs; and Julia Cupples, Brian Rogan, Andrew Gough, and Danielle Elam forresearch. Cynthia King performed heroic typing work on crash schedules. The University ofDayton, particularly Dean Paul Morman, supported this work through a number of grants.Michael Allen would like to thank Bill Richardson, Director of InterdisciplinaryArts and Sciencesat the University of Washington, Tacoma, for his friendship and collegial support for over a decade.We would both like to thank Mark Smith, David Beito, Brad Birzer, Robert Loewenberg, JeffHanichen, David Horowitz, Jonathan Bean, Constantine Gutzman, Burton Folsom Jr.,Julius Amin,
and Michael Etchison for comments on the manuscript. Ed Knappman and the staff at NewEngland Publishing Associates believed in this book from the beginning and haveour undyinggratitude. Our special thanks to Bernadette Malone, whose efforts made this possible; to MeganCasey for her sharp eye; and to David Freddoso for his ruthless, but much needed, pen.CONTENTSACKNOWLEDGMENTSINTRODUCTIONCHAPTER ONE:The City on the Hill, 1492–1707CHAPTER TWO:Colonial Adolescence, 1707–63CHAPTER THREE:Colonies No More, 1763–83CHAPTER FOUR:A Nation of Law, 1776–89CHAPTER FIVE:Small Republic, Big Shoulders, 1789–1815CHAPTER SIX:The First Era of Big Central Government, 1815–36CHAPTER SEVEN:Red Foxes and Bear Flags, 1836–48CHAPTER EIGHT:The House Dividing, 1848–60CHAPTER NINE:The Crisis of the Union, 1860–65CHAPTER TEN:Ideals and Realities of Reconstruction, 1865–76CHAPTER ELEVEN:Lighting Out for the Territories, 1861–90CHAPTER TWELVE:Sinews of Democracy, 1876–96CHAPTER THIRTEEN:“Building Best, Building Greatly,” 1896–1912CHAPTER FOURTEEN:War, Wilson, and Internationalism, 1912–20CHAPTER FIFTEEN:The Roaring Twenties and the Great Crash, 1920–32CHAPTER SIXTEEN:Enlarging the Public Sector, 1932–40 The New Deal: Immediate Goals, Unintended ResultsCHAPTER SEVENTEEN:Democracy’s Finest Hour, 1941–45CHAPTER EIGHTEEN:America’s “Happy Days,” 1946–59CHAPTER NINETEEN:The Age of Upheaval, 1960–74CHAPTER TWENTY:Retreat and Resurrection, 1974–88CHAPTER TWENTY-ONE:The Moral Crossroads, 1989–2000CHAPTER TWENTY-TWO:America, World Leader, 2000 and BeyondCONCLUSIONNOTESSELECTED READINGINDEX
INTRODUCTIONIs America’s past a tale of racism, sexism, and bigotry? Is it the story of the conquest and rape of acontinent? Is U.S. history the story of white slave owners who perverted the electoral process fortheir own interests? Did America start with Columbus’s killing all the Indians, leap to Jim Crowlaws and Rockefeller crushing the workers, then finally save itself with Franklin Roosevelt’s NewDeal? The answers, of course, are no, no, no, and NO.One might never know this, however, by looking at almost any mainstream U.S. history textbook.Having taught American history in one form or another for close to sixty years between us, we areaware that, unfortunately, many students are berated with tales of the Foundersas self-interestedpoliticians and slaveholders, of the icons of American industry as robber-baronoppressors, and ofevery American foreign policy initiative as imperialistic and insensitive. At least Howard Zinn’s APeople’s History of the United States honestly represents its Marxist biases in the title!What is most amazing and refreshing is that the past usually speaks for itself.The evidence is therefor telling the great story of the American past honestly—with flaws, absolutely;withshortcomings, most definitely. But we think that an honest evaluation of the history of the UnitedStates must begin and end with the recognition that, compared to any other nation, America’s pastis a bright and shining light. America was, and is, the city on the hill, the fountain of hope, thebeacon of liberty. We utterly reject “My country right or wrong”—what scholar wouldn’t?But inthe last thirty years, academics have taken an equally destructive approach: “My country, alwayswrong!” We reject that too.Instead, we remain convinced that if the story of America’s past is told fairly, the result cannot beanything but a deepened patriotism, a sense of awe at the obstacles overcome, the passion invested,the blood and tears spilled, and the nation that was built. An honest review ofAmerica’s past wouldnote, among other observations, that the same Founders who owned slaves instituted numerousways—political and intellectual—to ensure that slavery could not survive; that the concern over notjust property rights, but all rights, so infused American life that laws often followed the practices ofthe common folk, rather than dictated to them; that even when the United Statesused her militarypower for dubious reasons, the ultimate result was to liberate people and bringa higher standard ofliving than before; that time and again America’s leaders have willingly shared power with thosewho had none, whether they were citizens of territories, former slaves, or disenfranchised women.And we could go on.The reason so many academics miss the real history of America is that they assume that ideas don’t