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HayatusSahabah-V1-P370-471

HayatusSahabah-V1-P370-471

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08/06/2010

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3
70
THE
LIVES
OF
THE
SAHABAH
Vol-I)
with the two men along with two or three camels. He also wrote a letter to (mybrother) Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abu Bakr
@,-,
instructing him to mount mymother UmmuRoomaan
4%GW6,
myself and my sister Asmaa
%@%&
the wife ofHadhrat Zubayr
BGWj
on the camels.""The three men left together and when they repched Qudayd, Hadhrat Zaid
BGWj
used the five hundred Dirhams to purchase three camels. They happenedto meet Hadhrat Talha bin Ubaydillaah
@,WJG
who intended making Hijrah andleft Makkah with him. Hadhrat Zaid
B,-
and Abu Raafi
-
took alongwith them (Rasulullaah w's wo daughters) Hadhrat Faatima
Q3WG
andHadhrat Ummu Kulthoom
WXS
together with (Rasulullaah
@%'s
wife)Hadhrat Sauda bint Zam'ah
@Gw.
Hadhrat Zaid
~,W
lso took on his camel(his wife) Hadhrat Ummu Ayman
CE%%&4>
and (his son) Hadhrat Usaama
W,-.
When we reached Bayda, my camel bolted as
I
sat in the carriage together withmy mother Ummu Roomaan
@w.
My mother started shouting, "Oh mybeloved daughter! Oh the new bride!" (Hadhrat Aa'isha
lS%@!%
was by thenalready married to RBsulullaah
@%.)
Our camel was eventually caught after ithad already crossed the Valley of Harsha. kllaah had kept us safe.""When we reached Madinah,
I
stayed with the family of Hadhrat Abu Bakr
!W!&
while the family of Rasulullaah
w
stayed with him. Rasulullaah
@&
wasbuilding his Masjid and several rooms around the Masjid that he intended to bethe living quarters for his wives. We stayed like this for a while." The rest of theHadith concerns the details of the marriage of Hadhrat Aa'isha
G53WM.
(I)
Another narration from Hadhrat Aa'isha
@iMW
uotes that she said,
"As
we weremaking Hijrah, we were passing by a difficult (dangerous) valley when the camel
I
was on suddenly bolted very furiously. By Allaah!
I
shall never forget the words ofmy mother as she screamed, 'Oh my little bride!' However, the camel continuedbolting. When
I
heard someone shout, 'Throw down its reins,'
I
threw it downand the camel stood still in a daze as
if
someone was holding it up."
(2)
The Hijrah of Rasulullaah
ms
aughter HadhratZaynab
@Ew
and the Words of RasulullaahConcerning the Hardships She Encountered En route
Rasulullaah m's aughter Hadhrat Zaynab
@3@W
ays,
"As
I
was preparing theprovisions for my journey (Hijrah), Hind bint Utba met me. She said,
'0
daughterof Muhammad! Do you think that the news has not reached me that you wish tomeet up with your father?'
'I
have no such intention,'
I
replied. She said, 'Dearcoupin! Do not do this.
If
you require any goods for your journey or any money tohelp you reach your father,
I
have what you need. You should therefore not keepsecrets from me because the disputes between men should not creep between us
(1)
Ibn Abdil Birr in his
fstiaab
(Vo1.4
Pg.450).
Zubayr has also reported the narration as quoted in
Isaaba
(Vo1.4
Pg.450).
Haythami has also reported the narration in
Majma'uzZawaa'id
(Vol.9
Pg.227)
and has commented on the chain of narrators.
(2)
Haythami (Vo1.9
Pg.227).
Tabraani has also reported the narration as has Haakim in his
Mustadrak
(Vo1.4
Pg.4).
 
THE
LIVES
OF
THE
SAHABAH
a,@&%
Vol-I)
371
women."' Hadhrat ~afnab
-
arrates further when she says, "By Allaah!
I
certainly think that she meant what she said but
I
was scared for her and deniedthat
I
intended to migrate."Ibn Is'haaq further narrates that Hadhrat Zaynab
l%3%%S
continued herpreparations and when it wqs completed, her husband's brother Kinaana binRabee brought her a camel which she mounted. He took his bow and quiveralong with him. He took her out of Makkah during the day and led the camel asshe sat in her carriage. When some men of the Quraysh started talking aboutthis, they set out after her and eventually caught up with her at Dhu Tuwa. Thefirst to catch up with her was Habbaar binAswad Fihri.
As
she sat in her carriage,he frightened the camel with his spear until it threw her
off.
According to whatpeople say, she was expecting at the time. Kinaana sat on his knees, emptied hisquiver and said, "By Allaah!
I
shall place an arrow into anyone who even drawsclose to me." The men drew back from him.Just then, Abu Sufyaan arrived with a group of senior members of the Quraysh.He called out (to Kinaana) saying, "Dear man! Hold back your arrows until wehave a chance to speak to you." Kinaana held back and Abu Sufyaan cameforward until he stood before Kinaana. He said, "You have made
a
great mistake.You have taken the lady openly in full view of everyone when you know thehardships and difficulties we have experienced at the hand of (her father)Muhammad. If you take her away from our midst so openly and in full view ofthe people, it would be an embarrassment to
us
and people would regard this tobe a sign of our weakness.
I
swear by my life that we have no need to keep heraway from her father and have no revenge to exact from her. However, youshould take her back now and secretly take her away to be reunited with herfather only once people have quieten down and the word spreads that we havemade her return (to Makkah)." Kinaana then did this.
('1
Hadhrat Urwa bin Zubayr
?BW
narrates that as someone was leaving (Makkah)with Hadhrat Zaynab
tiB3W-i
the daughter of R~ulullaah
@&,
they wereintercepted by two men from the Quraysh who fought him and after gaining theupper hand, pushed her down. She fell on to a rock and miscarried, causing herto bleed profusely. They then took her to
@XI
Sufyaan, who handed her over tosome women from the Banu Haashim who had come to him. It was only afterthis that she eventually managed to make Hijrah. However, the injury persisteduntil she finally passed away on account of the injury. People thereforeconsidered her to be a martyr.
(2)
Another narration from Hadhrat Aa'isha
@-
states that after Rasulullaah
@@
had left Makkah, his daughter Hadhrat Zaynab
mW
also left with Kinaana orhis brother. The Mushrikeen left in search of her and it was Habbaar bin Aswadwho caught up with her. He continued sticking his spear into her camel until itdropped her down, causing her to miscarry. She bore the injury with patienceand the Banu Haashim and Banu Umayyah tribes disputed about who will care
(1)
Ibn Is'haaq, as quoted in
AlBidaaya wan Nihaaya
(Vo1.3 Pg.330).
(2)
Tabraani narrating from reliable sources as confirmed by Haythami (Vo1.9
Pg.2
16)
 
3
72
THE
LIVES
OF THE
SAHABAH
mG&%
Vol-I)
for her. The Banu Umayyah claimed to have a greater right to her because shewas married to their cousin Abul Aas. However, she ended up in the care of Hindbint Utba bin Rabee'ah who used to say to Hadhrat zaynab
BGM,
."This is allbecause of your father."Rasulullaah
@%%
one day said to Hadhrat Zaid bin Yaaritha BBW, "Will you notgo and bring Zaynab?" "Certainly,
0
Rasulullaah
m!"
eplied Hadhrat Zaid@,GWj.Rasulullaah
&%
said, "Take my ring and give it to her." Hadhrat Zaid@Gmjsubtly used various means to reach Hadhrat Zaynab
@%&%
andeventually met a shepherd. He asked the shepherd, "For whom are you grazing?"When the shepherd informed him that he was grazing for Abul Aas (the husbandof Hadhrat Zaynab), Hadhrat Zaid
BC3JG
asked him to whom the goatsbelonged. "To Zaynab the daughter of Muhammad," was the reply. Hadhrat Zaid@Gwwalked awhile with the shepherd and (after gaining his confidence) thensaid to him, "May
I
give you something to give to her without informing anyone?"when the shepherd agreed, Hadhrat Zaid@GWjgave him the ring. Hadhratzaynabl%@&Gjrecognised the ring and asked the shepherd, "Who gave this toyou?" "Some man," he replied. "Where did you leave this man?" she enquiredfurther. When he described the place to her, she remained silent and went thereonce night had fallen.When she met Hadhrat Zaid @%&j, he told her to sit in front of him on thecamel. She refused, telling him to sit in the front. He mounted the camel and shemounted behind him (the laws of Hijaab were not revealed at that time). Theyeventually arrived in Madinah. Rasulullaah
@%!
used to say about HadhratZaynab
@Cw,
"This is the best of
my
daughters who has suffered for
my
sake."
When this Hadith reached Hadhrat Ali bin Husayn, he approached Hadhrat Urwaand said, "What is this Hadith
I
hear you are reporting in which the status ofHadhrat Faatima
-
s
being reduced?" Hadhrat Urwa said,
"I
swear by Allaahthat
I
would not want to reduce the status of Hadhrat Faatima
Ww
inexchange for everything between the east and the west.
I
shall therefore not bereporting this Hadith again."
The
Hijrahof
Hadhrat
Durra
bintAbi Lahab
WGW
Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Umar @GWj, Hadhrat Abu Hurayra
@Gw
and HadhratAmmaar bin Yaasir
%=
all report that when Hadhrat Durra
@-
thedaughter of Abu Lahab made Hijrah, she stayed at the residence of Hadhrat Raafibin Mu'allaa Zuraqi
@,=.
While sitting with her, some women from the BanuZurayq tribe asked her whether she was the daughter of the person about whomAllaah says:May the hands of Abu Lahab be shattered and may he be destroyed.Neither his wealth nor the things he earned shall benefit him.
{Surah
(1)
Tabraani in his Kabeerand Bazzaar, as
quoted
by Haythami
(Vo1.9
Pg.213).

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