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Urinary Tract Infection

Urinary Tract Infection

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Published by ljefarrah

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Published by: ljefarrah on May 09, 2010
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05/07/2013

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Urinary Tract Infection
INTRODUCTION
A
urinary tract infection
(
UTI
) is a bacterial infectiont that affects any part of the urinary tract. Althoughurine contains a variety of fluids, salts, and waste products, it usually does not have bacteria in it. When bacteria get into the bladder or kidney and multiply in the urine, they cause a UTI. The most common typeof UTI is a bladder infection which is also often called cystitis. Another kind of UTI is a kidney infection,known as pyelonphritis, and is much more serious. The major problem here is that urinary tract infectioncauses discomfort and pain on urination.
Incidence:
Most common renal disease in children.Almost 10 times more common in females than in males, except in the neonatal period.Bladder is the most common site of infection25% of all women (cystitis)Men before the age of 50 years
R
isk Factors:
L
ocation of the female meatusSexual intercourseUrinary stasis and reflux in pregnant women caused by pressure on the ureters and hormonalchanges.Tight and synthetic clothing (causes irritation)Presence of an indwelling catheter.
A.
 
General
obj
ectives
 
At the end my duty in the World Citi Medical Center, I, Aristotle R. Baricaua 3
rd
yr.Bachelor of Science in Nursing student of WCC-QC, will be able to impart my acquiredknowledge and skills towards the patient, through promoting and maintaining, physiologic andpsychologic stability, and health restoration.
 
 
B
.
 
Sp
ecific
obj
ectives
 
y
 
E
stablish a trusting relationship to client and his family.
y
 
Perform the assigned task efficiently and dynamically
y
 
F
ormulate an effective nursing care plan for the client regarding UTI.
y
 
Acquire necessary skills in assessing the signs and symptoms of patient with UTI.
y
 
Internalize the necessary concept or principle regarding UTI.
y
 
E
ducate the family in the prevention, promotion, and maintenance of healthy lifestyleas well as to cure and restore health.
C
.
 
Th
e
o
retical
 
framew
o
rk
 
H
enders
o
n·s
 
definiti
o
n
o
Nu
rsing
 
In 1966 Virginia Henderson·s definition of the unique functioning of nursing was a majorstepping stone in the emergence of nursing as a discipline separate from medicine.
L
ikeNightingale, Henderson described nursing in relation to the client, and client·s environment.Unlike Nightingale, Henderson saw that nurses interact with clients even when recovery maynot be feasible, and mentioned the teaching and advocacy role of nurse.Henderson conceptualized the nurse·s role as assisting sick or healthy individuals to gainindependence in meeting 14 fundamental needs.1.
 
Breathing normally.2.
 
E
ating and drinking adequately.3.
 
E
liminating body wastes.4.
 
Moving and maintaining a desirable position.5.
 
Sleeping and resting.6.
 
Selecting suitable clothes.7.
 
Maintaining body temperature within normal range by adjusting clothing and modifyingthe environment.8.
 
Keeping the body clean and well groomed to protect the integument9.
 
Avoiding dangers in the environment and avoiding injuring others10.
 
Communicating with others in expressing emotions, needs, fears, or opinions11.
 
Worshipping according to one·s faith12.
 
Working in such a way that one feels a sense of accomplishment13.
 
Playing or participating in various forms of recreation
14.
 
L
earning, discovering, or satisfying the curiosity that leads to normal development andhealth, and usi
ng available health facilities.
 
I chose Henderson·s theory because it suites my patient.The above 14 fundamentals are necessary for a clients recovery as well as healthypersons.Breathing normally is essential for a person because it is the most vital needed for ourbody. Proper diet is crucial to prevent malnutrition and the occurrence of the disease. Drinkingsufficiently is needed for a sick individual for fluid replacement. Proper elimination isimportant to prevent toxicities in our body. Patient needs to reposition on their desirableposition, to promote comfort and to prevent pneumonia. Individuals are required to haveadequate rest in order for their body to regain strength. Proper clothing can promote clientscomfort.Sick person needs to have a cool and proper ventilated environment because this couldhelp in their recovery. During patient hospital confinement, nurses are required to observesafety for the patient by doing safety precautions. Health care provider may also implement
 
nurse- patient interaction, this will encourage patient to express her or his emotions, fears, oropinions.This theory conceptualized both the sick and healthy persons. It is a dynamic careespecially during the stage of illness.
II
.
NUR 
S
IN
G
 
A
SSESSME
NT
A.P
ers
o
nal
D
ata
 
Patient·s Name:
F
.CAge: 2 yrs. oldBirth date: November 04, 2004Address: 233 concepcion st. santoln, pasig citySex:
F
emaleReligion: CatholicCivil Status: Child
F
ather:Mother:Date of Admission: April 13, 2007Time of Admission: 7:11:05 pmAdmitting Diagnosis: Urinary Tract InfectionNotice of Admission:
E
mergency and Stable

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