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Bangalore Dairy

Bangalore Dairy

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Published by Rohit
tour report on visit to bangalore dairy
tour report on visit to bangalore dairy

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Published by: Rohit on May 09, 2010
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12/17/2010

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Tour report on Visit to BAMUL  Bangalore Dairy
 
 The 1st goats were domesticated around 7000 B.C. in Iran, and cattle a little later, around 6000B.C. in Greece. It is not certain when humans 1st started milking their domesticated animals.One of the earliest milking scenes in existence today, which shows a goat being milked, is on anElamite seal from 2500 B.C. Milk, especially in its soured forms, as cheese, yogurt, etc., made abig difference in the life of Neolithic man, providing all-season, high-quality food that sustainedhim when the growing season was over, when he could no longer collect leaves and berries,and when food was scarce.Sanskrit records mentioned milk 6,000 years ago. The Bible describes the Promised Land as aland flowing with milk and honey. Some 2,300 years ago, the Greekphysician Hippocrates recommended milk as a medicine. Christopher Columbus brought cattleto the New World on his second voyage. Fermented products such as cheeses were discovered by accident, but their history has alsobeen documented for many centuries.Historically, the milking and the processing took place close together in space and time: ona dairy farm. People milked the animals by hand; on farms where only small numbers are kept,hand-milking may still be practiced.In 1937, it was found that bovine somatotropin (bST or bovine growth hormone) wouldincrease the yield of milk. Monsanto Company developed a synthetic (recombinant) version of this hormone (rBST). In February 1994, rBST was approved by the Food and DrugAdministration (FDA) for use in the U.S. It has become common in the U.S., but not elsewhere,to inject it into dairy cows to increase their production by up to 15%.
H
istory
 
 
A dairy is a facility for the extraction and processing of animal milkmostly from cows or goats,but also from buffalo, sheep, goat or camelsfor human consumption. Typically it is a farm(
dairy farm
) or section of a farm that is concerned with the production of milk, butter andcheese.Dairy farming is a class of agricultural, or an animal husbandry, enterprise, for long-termproduction of milk, usually from dairy cows but also from goats and sheep, which may be eitherprocessed on-site or transported to a dairy factory for processing and eventual retail sale.Most dairy farms sell the male calves born by their cows, usually for veal production, orbreeding depending on quality of the bull calf, rather than raising non-milk-producing stock.The word
dairy 
refers to milk-based products, derivatives and processes, and the animals andworkers involved in their production: for example dairy cattle, dairy goat. A dairy farm producesmilk and a dairy factory processes it into a variety of dairy products. These establishmentsconstitute the dairy industry, a component of the food industry.India is the largest producer of milk producing more than 100 million tons of milk per annum.Yet, her per capita milk consumption is around 250 g per day.India has a population of more than 1 billion with diverse food habits, cultures, traditions andreligions. Regional variations within the country can be mind boggling. On one hand, thecountry has plains with long tradition of milk production and consumption. On the other hand,there are forest and hilly regions with no tradition of dairying. Most of coastal belts also do nothave much of dairy tradition.Cow is holy for Hindus who make up more than 80 per cent of the population of India. Buffaloenjoys no such holy status. Cow slaughter is banned in many states of India. There are norestrictions on buffalo culling.Technological advances have only come about very recently in the history of milk consumption,and our generations will be the ones credited for having turned milk processing from an art to ascience. The availability and distribution of milk and milk products today in the modern world isa blend of the centuries old knowledge of traditional milk products with the application of modern science and technology.The role of milk in the traditional diet has varied greatly in different regions of the world.
INTRODUCTION
 

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