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16-4 Reproduction and Genetics Web

16-4 Reproduction and Genetics Web

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Published by: Kelli McDaniel Marchbanks on May 09, 2010
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05/09/2010

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Reproduction and Genetics
Chapter 16 Section 4
 
DNA
and Genes
Parents pass their characteristics on to their offspringHeredity-process in which characteristics pass fromparents to offspringGenetics-scientific study of heredityTraits-organism¶s physical characteristicsTraits are controlled by the genetic materials in anorganisms chromosomes (rodlike structures located inthe nucleus of the cell)Chromosomes also control an organism¶s inheritedcharacteristicsChromosomes are made partly of long-chainmolecules called
DNA
DNA
contains segments called genesGene-a segment o
DNA
molecule that containsinformation that governs a specific trait
 
Sexual Reproduction
Sexual reproduction-reproduction involving 2parents whose combined genetic materialproduces a new organismMale sperm cell joins with a female egg cell toproduce offspringEgg an sperm cells contain half the number of chromosomes that are in the other cells

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