Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
9Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
The Dialectic of Authenticity: Intersubjectivity, Care and Politics in Heidegger's Being and Time

The Dialectic of Authenticity: Intersubjectivity, Care and Politics in Heidegger's Being and Time

Ratings: (0)|Views: 355 |Likes:
Published by Rowan G Tepper
This essay examines in depth the philosophical underpinnings of Heidegger's political involvements of the 1930s. Specifically, it is possible to isolate a specific philosophical rationale guiding his activities - in error - namely, Heidegger illegitimately presumes that social Mitdasein is structurally homologous to individual Dasein. This transposition of the structures of Dasein onto Mitdasein produces the concept of Das Volk. We conclude, however, that this transposition was tantamount to a hasty mistake, a mistake with dire consequences.
This essay examines in depth the philosophical underpinnings of Heidegger's political involvements of the 1930s. Specifically, it is possible to isolate a specific philosophical rationale guiding his activities - in error - namely, Heidegger illegitimately presumes that social Mitdasein is structurally homologous to individual Dasein. This transposition of the structures of Dasein onto Mitdasein produces the concept of Das Volk. We conclude, however, that this transposition was tantamount to a hasty mistake, a mistake with dire consequences.

More info:

Published by: Rowan G Tepper on May 10, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

03/12/2013

pdf

text

original

 
Rowan G. Tepper Prof. Axel HonnethPL 838: Intersubjectivity: Hegel to Present12/13/2005
The Dialectic of Authenticity: Intersubjectivity, Care and Politics in Being and Time
§Preliminary Remarks§
The twin questions of politics and the social have veritably consumedcontemporary Heidegger scholarship since evidence of his remarkable complicity withthe Nazi regime emerged in the nineteen-eighties. Even before broaching the question inearnest, we seem to be torn between a defense of the man and his thought or a wholesalecondemnation and rejection of him and his thought. In accordance with the former option, it would seem to be the case that one must demonstrate the occasionally andopportunism of his (temporary) alliance with National Socialism and concomitantly, thelack of connection between his thought prior to his ascension as rector of FreiburgUniversity in May of 1933 and his political involvement. On the other hand, if we are tocondemn and reject Heidegger, it would seem to be the case that a link between histhought and politics would constitute the most damning of evidence and justification. To be glib: Must we burn Heidegger? The thesis that I am to advance here asserts that this isa baldly false opposition; that, despite a deep structural analogy between his thought in
 Being and Time
and his political involvement, the political consequence is in factincidental, and moreover due to an erroneous transposition of the dialectic of authenticityinto the communal domain that is by no means necessary.I will focus on key passages from
 Being and Time
, notably sections 26-7, 39, 41and 44 in the context of the politicization evident in an address given November 11
th
,1933 by Heidegger in support of the upcoming plebiscite. I will show that because the
 
selfhood of Dasein is grounded in
Mitdasein
through
 Fürsorge
, Heidegger illegitimatelytransposed the structures of Dasein to
Mitdasein
leading to his conservative politics. Caremust be seen as the crucial structure for the relationships between theory and praxis, andself and community. The reason for the illegitimate transposition is initially unclear untilwe see the Hegelian dialectical deep structure in
 Being and Time,
which only emerges inthe etymological examination of Heideggerian terms of art: This is to say that there is astructural dialectic that is evident most clearly in the interrelation of the terms bearing the prefixes
ver-
,
ent-
and
er-,
which in this sequence constitutes the structural dialectic of which I write; particularly with regard to
entscheiden
and
entschlossen,
which mark the passage from everydayness to authenticity or inauthenticity. Once all cards are on thetable it will become clear that the transposition of these structures, particularly that of decision to the intersubjective, results in a political decision with regards to communitythat is grounded solely in that mode of being that Heidegger so disparaged as
das Man
.
§Care as the Site of Intersubjectivity and the Theory-Praxis Relation§
Sections 26 and 41 indicate care as the locus of the relations of intersubjectivityand theory/praxis, respectively. The fact that care constitutes the structural locus of Dasein's relationship to others, in general, is telling: the constitution of intersubjectivityin care seemingly overdetermines the underdeveloped relationship of theory to praxis, towhich Heidegger devotes a mere two paragraphs:
As a primordial structural totality, care lies “before” every factical “attitude” and “position” of Da-sein, that is, it is always already
in
them as an existential
a priori
. Thus this phenomenon by nomeans expresses a priority of “practical” over theoretical behavior. When we determine somethingobjectively present by merely looking at it, this has the characteristic of care just as much as a“political action,” or resting and having a good time. “Theory” and “praxis” are possibilities of  being for a being whose being must be defined as care.The phenomenon of care in its totality is essentially something that cannot be split up; thus any
 
attempts to derive it from special acts or drives such as willing and wishing or urge and predilection, or of constructing it out of them, will be unsuccessful.
1
This relation is underdeveloped here and not treated at all in the remainder of 
 Being and Time
; we must not immediately and in hindsight see a lapse or deficiency but first,insofar as we are primarily concerned with
 Being and Time
, recall Dominique Janicaud'sclaim that “since there is no politics in
 Being and Time
, there is an 'apolitics'... Dasein is
apolites,
2
but also in the same breath his claim that apoliticism and politicization are, bythe logic of Heidegger's text, complementary. This claim is bolstered by the already cited passages from
 Being and Time
: insofar as theory and praxis are mutually founded in care,the divergent practical attitudes of the political and the apolitical, too, are on the verysame ontological plane, i.e. derivative of the
existentiale
structure of care. Theindetermination with respect to the priority of theory and praxis has as its correlates theindetermination with respect to the relative priorities of subjectivity and intersubjectivity,everydayness and authenticity. The reason for this indeterminacy will be elucidatedshortly; however, at this moment we must turn to the text of sections 26 and 27 to see theambiguity and asymmetry of the intersubjective constitution of Dasein in care.The problem is fundamentally rooted in Dasein's peculiar constitution as neither 
vorhandene
nor 
 zuhandene
. Whether one's own Dasein, the Dasein of an other, or Mitdasein is considered either 
vorhandene
or 
 zuhandene
, this regard reduces Dasein tothe objectivity of a
thing 
. Furthermore:
The world of Da-sein thus frees beings which are not only completelydifferent from tools and things, but which themselves in accordancewith their kind of being as
 Da-sein
are themselves “in” the world as be-ing-in-the-world in which they are at the same time encountered. These beings are neither objectively present nor at hand, but they
are like
the1Martin Heidegger,
 Being and Time
, Translated by Joan Stambaugh (Albany: SUNY Press, 1996), pg.180, German pg. 1932Dominique Janicaud,
The Shadow of That Thought 
, translated by Michal Gendre (Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press. 1996), pg. 37

Activity (9)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
senafernando liked this
Alan Kusinitz liked this
jemimallah liked this
Meissa13 liked this
markcvh liked this
lacusodii liked this
MissJaieEmm liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->