IP Based Mobility Management forNext Generation Wireless Networks
Md. Akbar Hossain
, Khan Md. Rezaul Hoque
Department of Telecommunication Engineering, Faculty of Engineering
Department of Information and Communication Technology, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of Trento, ItalyEmail : firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
During the last decade wireless systems hasexperienced tremendous demands from social market.Subscribers now want a wider choice of services, better quality,faster response times, and greater coverage, which enhance thedevelopment of wireless technology than ever before. Amongthese, one of the greatest concerning problems for seamless globalconnectivity of mobile user is mobility management. The aim of this paper is to analyze the IP based Mobility management fornext generation wireless networks. By the way of mobilitymanagement it is possible to locate roaming terminals for calldelivery and maintain connections with mobile terminal thatchanges their points of attachment. In this paper it is alsodiscussed how several type of mobility can be solved by Mobile IPand cellular IP.
Now a days wireless communication systems are thefastest growing area of the communication sector. The protocol of IP plays an important role in the field of mobility management in various types of wirelessnetworks. One of the key features of 4G is that it will be based on an all-IP infrastructure for both fixed andmobile networks. Moreover, positioning on network layer, IP acts as a masking isolator that prevents the protocols, services, and applications of upper layers fromthe awareness of network interconnecting architectureand possible changes caused. So, as a suitable layer tosolve the problem of mobility and provide transparentmobility to applications and higher level protocols likeTCP, IP becomes one of the most important researchissues in mobility and location management, whichresults in various techniques and standards based on theextension of fundamental IP protocol proposed. The maingoal of the mobile IP working group is to develop routingsupport to permit IP nodes (hosts and routers) usingeither IPv4 or IPv6 to seamlessly "roam" among IP subnetworks and media types.This article is organized as a general description andoperation of mobile IP and IP based mobilitymanagement in section 2. In section 3 mobile IPoptimization and advantages of MIPV6 are alsoFig. 1
Architecture of Mobile IPdiscussed. Intra-Domain Mobility management isdescribed in section 4. Cellular IP as a solution of mobility management for next generation wirelesscommunication is also describe in section 5.
I.IP BASED MOBILITY MANAGEMENT
A simple Mobile IP architecture is illustrated in Fig. 1.In this example, the CN sends packets to the MN via theMN's HA and the FA.IP-based networking is designedsuch that each host is identified by a unique IP address.Standard IP routing assumes that IP addresses aredistributed hierarchically. For example, a host with acertain subnet prefix is assumed to be located at thesubnet referenced by that prefix, the home network. Thisdual use of IP addresses is fine when hosts are notmobile, as each host can be assigned its unique IP addressaccording to the hierarchical structure needed for IProuting. However, it creates a problem when hosts needto be mobile. If a host moves to a foreign network, packets for it will still be routed to its home network.Furthermore, a host may obtain a temporary address inthe foreign network for routing purposes, but there is no
The paper is published in International Joint Conferences on Computer, Information, and Systems Sciences and Engineering(CISSE 07), December 3 -12, 2007, University of Bridgeport, USA.