The first key is pass protection. You have to dosomething to protect your quarterback. It does notmatter what passing game you use, you mustprotect your quarterback. It is extremely too toughto throw the ball if you are getting hit in themouth play after play. You may want to "hotread," or send out only one or two receivers, butyou have to protect the quarterback.The second key is to move the pocket. To protectthe quarterback you must be able to move thepocket. We throw 3, 5, and 8-step drop passes.We throw play-action, bootleg, and sprint-outpasses. We want to have a different launch pointfor our quarterback so the defense does not knowwhere the quarterback will be throwing the ballfrom. We run the ball from the I-formation verywell. At one time this year, we went two gamesand one-half of the third game without throwing adrop-back pass. Every pass we threw was a play-action pass. If you can run play-action passes, itwill make your running game more efficient.The third key in being efficient in the passinggame is that you must run screens and draw plays.You must keep the defensive line honest. We donot want to let the defense pin their ears back andcome after the quarterback with an all out rushplay after play. We feel the screen pass is an easypass to complete. You can run the bubble screen,and that play is almost like a handoff. It is a high-percentage pass, and it gives one of your betterplayers a chance to run to daylight.The fourth key is spacing in our pass routes. Wewant to spread the field. We want to spread thefield vertically and horizontally. We have eightpassing zones on the field. Everyone knows thereare five zones underneath and three zones up ontop. If the defense is rushing four men, that meansthey are dropping seven in pass coverage. So whatwe do is to spread the defense either vertical orhorizontal. We want to get the defense in a 3-on-2, or a 2-on-1 situation. The defense can not coverevery zone. It is our job as coaches to design playswhere we can get 2-on-3 and 2-on-1 situations.We want to get four or five receivers out into theroute as much as possible. If the defense is onlyrushing four men, we should be able to block them. We have five offensive linemen. Iunderstand you may need the backs to block inprotection at times but you need to get four andfive receivers out in the pattern.You must give the receiver the room to run andseparate from man coverage. If you are gettingman coverage, you cannot have stationaryreceivers. It is not hard to cover a receiver if he isstanding still. You must have routes where thereceivers can break away and separate from mancoverage. Now, we will sit in the "window"against zone coverage. If you have receiversrunning at the same level or same depth, no onewill get open.As a coach you can implement the first four keysto an efficient passing game. You can run screensand draws, and design routes where the receiversare spread out enough to get open.The next three keys are things the coach must beable to teach the players, in particular, thequarterback. The fifth key is for the quarterback tothrow the ball on time. So many times in highschool the quarterback will wait until the receiveris open. If the quarterback waits until the receiveris open, by the time the ball gets to the receiver heis not open any longer. You must teach thequarterback to anticipate when the receiver willcome open. It comes down to the coach teachingthe quarterback to read the defense. He mustknow his key and who to read in the secondary.On our 5-step drop, when we go to that fifth step,we are going to stop, slide, and throw. I wantthem to know where the football is going to gowhen they stop and slide. They may have to adjustand move their feet before they throw the ball, butI want them to know they have to throw the ballwhen they stop on that fifth step. They arethrowing the ball on time. We want to get the ballto the open receiver and give him a chance tomake some yardage after he catches the ball.The sixth key to an efficient passing game is tothrow to the open receiver. The quarterback mustread the defense and take what they give him.