b) Have the words you want to learn with you wherever you go
, so that you canuse any ‘dead’ time, e.g. travelling to and from university. Word cards or vocabularynotebooks are useful.
c) Set aside a regular time for vocabulary learning or memorising
— e.g. just before you go to bed, or when travelling to and from university.
d) Spend more time on the words that you find difficult.
Often, when learningvocabulary, people create a list with the target words on one side and meanings on theother, and go down the list from the first word to the last, trying to memorise eachone. This method can have two problems: firstly, the words at the top of the list tendto be remembered better than those further down; and secondly, time is wasted goingover words that the learner has already learned. One way of overcoming these problems is to spend more time on the words that you find difficult. A simple way of doing this is to delete the words you know from the list. If you
in Word, you canalso change the order of the list, so that it’s not the same every time. An alternative isto post words onto a wall or board, and take them down when you know them.It isessential that the learner to evaluate his vocabulary learning. It's very important for most learners to have an idea of whether they're making progress or not. Finding thatyou are actually making progress can be a big help to your confidence.Every day you hear or read many new English words. You also find them inyour dictionary when you are translating from your own language. You can’t possiblylearn all these new words, so your first problem is to
decide which ones to concentrateon.
Here are some suggestions:
learn the words that are important to the subjects you are studying
learn the words that you read or hear again and again
learn the words that you know you will often want to use yourself
do not learn words that are rare or not useful (your teacher can help you with this)Once we have chosen which words to learn, next we have to decide how are we going tolearn them. Here are a few ideas:
write the words in a notebook (with their translations or definitions)
write the words and definitions on small cardssay the words many times (if you have an electronic dictionary you can hear how the
word is pronounced) put the words into different groups (you could use a graphic organiser)
write them in a file for use with a computer program
make associations (in pictures or with other words)
ask someone to test you
use the words in your own speaking or writing