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5767
by
Rabbi Josh Flug
Edited by
Isaac Shalev
Copyright \u00a9 2006
A PROJECT OF WWW.YUTORAH.ORG
Yeshiva University\u2019s online home for recorded shiurim and Torah materials
All rights reserved by Yeshiva University
lectures@yu.edu
Rabbi Isaac Elchanan Theological Seminary
\u05df \u05e0 \u05d7 \u05dc \u05d0
\u05e7 \u05d7 \u05e6 \u05d9
\u05d5 \u05e0 \u05d1 \u05e8
\u05ea \u05d1 \u05d9 \u05e9 \u05d9
Max Stern Division of Communal Services
Center for the Jewish Future
YESHIVA UNIVERSITY
To Everything There Is a Season
Succot-To-Go 5767 / 2006
1
www.yutorah.org
Section I: To Everything There Is a Season

Many communities have the custom of reading the Book of Kohelet (Ecclesiastes) on Succot. The book is an autobiography of Kohelet ben David, the King of Yerushalayim, commonly known as Shlomo HaMelech (see Kohelet 1:1, andBaba

Batra 15a). In the book, Kohelet provides his perspectives on the meaning of life.
One of the more memorable sections is the one that deals with the twenty-eight
"seasons." It states:
1.
1 To every thing there is a season, and a time
to every purpose under the heaven:
2A time to be born, and a time to die;
a time to plant, and a time to pluck up that
which is planted;
3 A time to kill, and a time to heal;
a time to break down, and a time to build up;
4 A time to weep, and a time to laugh;
a time to mourn, and a time to dance;
5time to cast away stones, and a time to

gather stones together;
a time to embrace, and a time to refrain from
embracing;

6A time to seek, and a time to lose;
a time to keep, and a time to cast away;
7A time to rend, and a time to sew;
a time to keep silence, and a time to speak;
8A time to love, and a time to hate;
a time for war, and a time for peace.
Kohelet 3:1-8
\u05d0
\u05dc\u05b9\ufb3b \u05b7
\u05dc
,
\u05df\u05b8
\u05de\u05b0
\u05d6
;
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\u05db\u05b0
\u05dc \u05ea\u05b5
\u05e2\u05b0
\u05d5
-
\u05e5\u05b6
\u05e4\u05b5
\u05d7
,
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\u05d9\u05b8
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\ufb4a
.
}
\u05e4
{
\u05d1
\u05b6
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\u05dc\u05ea\u05b5
\u05e2
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\u05d3
,
\u05ea\ufb35\u05de\u05b8
\u05dc\u05ea\u05b5
\u05e2\u05b0
\u05d5
;
\u05ea\u05b7
\u05e2\u05b7
\u05d8\u05b8
\u05dc\u05ea\u05b5
\u05e2
,
\u05b7
\u05e2\ufb35\u05d8\u05b8
\u05e0 \u05e8\ufb4b\u05e7\u05b2
\u05e2\u05b7
\u05dc\u05ea\u05b5
\u05e2\u05b0
\u05d5
.
\u05d2
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\u05d4\u05b7
\u05dc\u05ea\u05b5
\u05e2
\u05d0\ufb4b\ufb44 \u05b0
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\u05e2\u05b0
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,
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\u05ea\ufb4b\u05e0 \u05b0
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.
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\u05ea\ufb4b\ufb3b \u05b0
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\u05e7\ufb4b\u05d7 \u05b0
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,
\u05d3\ufb4b\u05e4 \u05b0
\u05e1\u05ea\u05b5
\u05e2
\u05d3\ufb4b\u05e7 \u05b0
\u05e8 \u05ea\u05b5
\u05e2\u05b0
\u05d5
.
\u05d4
\u05dd\u05d9 \u05b4
\u05e0\u05b8
\u05d1\u05b2
\u05d0 \u05b0
\u05da\u05d9 \u05b4
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,
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\ufb3b
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;\u05e7\ufb4b\u05d1\u05b2
\u05d7\u05b7
\u05dc\u05ea\u05b5
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,
\u05e7\u05b9\u05d7 \u05b0
\u05e8\u05b4
\u05dc\u05ea\u05b5
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\u05d7\u05b5
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.
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\u05d3\u05b5
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\u05dc\u05ea\u05b5
\u05e2\u05b0
\u05d5
,
\u05e8\ufb4b\u05de \u05b0
\ufb2a\u05b4
\u05dc\u05ea\u05b5
\u05e2
\u05b0
\u05da\u05d9 \u05b4
\u05dc\u05b0
\ufb2a\u05b7
\u05d4\u05b0
\u05dc\u05ea\u05b5
\u05e2\u05b0
.
\u05d6
\u05b7
\u05e2\ufb4b\u05e8 \u05b0
\u05e7\u05b4
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\u05e2
\u05e8\ufb4b\ufb44 \u05b0
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\u05e2\u05b0
\u05d5
,
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\u05d7\u05b7
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.
\u05d7
\u05d1\u05b9\u05d4 \u05b1
\u05d0\u05b6
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\u05e2
\u05d0\u05b9\u05e0 \u05b0
\ufb2b\u05b4
\u05dc\u05ea\u05b5
\u05e2\u05b0
\u05d5
,
\u05d4\u05b8
\u05de\u05b8
\u05d7\u05b0
\u05dc\u05b4
\u05de\u05ea\u05b5
\u05e2
\u05ea\u05b5
\u05e2\u05b0
\u05d5
\u05dd\ufb4b\u05dc \u05b8
\ufb2a
.
\u05d2 \u05ea\u05dc\u05d4\u05e7
:
\u05d0
-
\u05d7

This edition of "Succot-To-Go" will focus on this section ofKohelet. First, we will present various approaches by the commentators to these twenty-eight seasons. Second, we will focus on"

\u05e2\u05d5 \u05d1\u05d4\u05d0\u05dc \u05ea\u05e2
\u05ea
\u05d0\u05e0\u05e9\u05dc
"\u2013 \u201ca time to love, and a time to hate.\u201d
Is there really a time when one is supposed to hate others? Third, we will focus on
"\u05dd\u05d5\u05dc\u05e9 \u05ea\u05e2\u05d5 \u05d4\u05de\u05d7\u05dc\u05de \u05ea\u05e2" \u2013 \u201ca time for war, and a time for peace.\u201d When is it
appropriate to wage war?
To Everything There Is a Season
Shavuot-To-Go 5766 / 2006
2
www.yutorah.org
The Twenty-Eight Seasons

There are two main questions addressed by the commentaries regarding these twenty-eight seasons. First, who is subject to these seasons? Is this referring to seasons of human activity, or does this refer to the Almighty\u2019s management of the world? Second, do these seasons represent actual periods of time, or should "eit" be translated as \u2018situation\u2019 rather than \u2019season\u2019?

The commentators present three distinct approaches to these questions:
Rashbam\u2019s Approach
2.

For everything there is a season: every event has its time and every matter under heaven has its appointed time \u2013 evil times and good times \u2013 to pay people their reward according to their deeds: payment of evil and payment for good.

Rashbam on Kohelet 3:1
\u05db\u05dc \u05df\u05de\u05d6 \u05dc\u05db\u05dc
\u05dc
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\u05dd\u05d9\u05de\u05e9\u05d4 \u05ea\u05d7\u05ea \u05e8\u05e9\u05d0 \u05e5\u05e4\u05d7 \u05dc\u05db\u05dc\u05d5 \u05df\u05de\u05d6
\u05d9\u05ea\u05e2 \u05ea\u05e2 \u05d5\u05dc \u05e9\u05d9
\u05d4\u05d1\u05d5\u05d8 \u05d9\u05ea\u05e2\u05d5 \u05d4\u05e2\u05e8
\u05d9\u05e4\u05db \u05dd\u05ea\u05e8\u05d5\u05db\u05e9\u05de \u05ea\u05d5\u05d9\u05e8\u05d1\u05dc \u05dd\u05dc\u05e9\u05dc
\u05dd\u05dc\u05e2\u05e4
,
\u05d1\u05d5\u05d8 \u05dd\u05d5\u05dc\u05e9\u05ea\u05d5 \u05e2\u05e8 \u05dd\u05d5\u05dc\u05e9\u05ea
\u05d4\u05d1\u05d5\u05d8 \u05dc\u05e9 \u05dd\u05d9\u05ea\u05e2\u05d5 \u05d4\u05e2\u05e8 \u05dc\u05e9 \u05dd\u05d9\u05ea\u05e2
.
\u05d9\u05e4
'
\u05d1\u05e9\u05e8\u05d4
"
\u05d2 \u05ea\u05dc\u05d4\u05e7\u05dc \u05dd
:
\u05d0

Rashbam clearly indicates that these twenty-eight seasons refer to the Almighty\u2019s methods of directing and ordering the world. These seasons exist so that the Almighty can reward those who deserve reward and punish those who deserve punishment. Rashbam's comments are most likely motivated by a verse that appears later in the chapter:

3.

I said in my heart: 'The righteous and the wicked God will judge; for there is a time there for every purpose and for every work.'

Kohelet 3:17
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\u05e0\u05b2
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,
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--
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-
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-
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,
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\u05e7\u05b9\u05dc \u05b1
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\u05d4 \u05d8\u05b9\ufb44\u05b0
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:
\u05d9\u05b4
\ufb3b
-
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\u05dc \u05ea\u05b5
\u05e2
-
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,
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-
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.
\u05d2 \u05ea\u05dc\u05d4\u05e7
:
\u05d6\u05d9

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