Transport of Water and Minerals Inand Out of the Plant
Anya Pena, Christian Solis, Jerick Bolintiam, Justine Alain Sy,Noemi Nunez, Venus Banaag
Cell activities, such as diffusion, osmosis, imbibition, and guttation, involve the transport of water and materialsin and out of the cell membrane- which is essential for a plant to maintain equilibrium in an unstable environment.The transport of the dissolved substances in different environments affects the plant cell in different ways. Tofurther understand the cell activities and the environment¶s effect on the plant cell, seven different tests wereconducted. Diffusion of selected plant pigments was observed in the first experiment where
seedswere placed in different test tubes containing different substances, namely: distilled water, boiled water, vegetableoil, and heated vegetable oil. Osmosis was observed in the second experiment where small strips of the lower epidermis of the
was put two different slides- one with water and the other with salt solution. Thefactors affecting the integrity of the cell membrane was determined in the third experiment using
peelings which was placed in different temperatures and substances. Imbibition was observed in the fourthexperiment where wood, rubber, and corn seeds were put in two beakers- one with water and the other withkerosene. It was also noticed that each of the material had an increase in weight when placed in kerosene. Themovement of water through the stem was observed in the pechay stalk of the the fifth experiment. Transpiration wasobserved in the sixth experiment which also compared four identical leaves with different applications of vasellin.Finally, guttation was observed in rice seedlings which were covered with a wide mouth jar.
diffusion, osmosis, cell membrane, imbibition, active transport, transpiration, guttation
The cell membrane is the biologicalmembrane separating the interior of a cellfrom the outside environment. It is a semi- permeable membrane surrounding all cells,which controls the movement of substancesin an out of the cells; therefore, responsiblefor maintaining a steady and stable livingcondition²or a state of equilibrium²evenin the midst of a transient environment. It isinvolved in a wide variety of cellular processes, such as growth, absorption, andrespiration, and serves as the attachment point for the intracellular cytoskeleton and,sometimes, the extra-cellular cell wall.There are two ways in which transport canoccur across a membrane, either by passiveor active, depending on the energy requiredduring the process. Simple diffusion, a kind