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Introduction to the UNIX Operating System on IT Systems

Introduction to the UNIX Operating System on IT Systems

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Published by: ivaylo on May 11, 2010
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 Information TechnologyRice University Document UNIX 1July 11, 2002
  Introduction to the UNIX OperatingSystem on IT Systems
This document is intended to introduce you to the UNIX operating system. It will provide you with abasic understanding of the UNIX operating system, its file and directory structure, basic UNIX com-mands, and how to get on-line help. The information in this document is primarily designed for (butnot limited to) Sun workstations configured and maintained by Information Technology, such asthose used in the Owlnet network.If you are using a workstation that is configured to run exclusively as an X display server, you maywish to acquire the document, UNIX 2, Introduction to X Windows.
 ©
 Rice University, 2002 All Rights Reserved
 Document may not be resold to, used by, nor licensed to third parties without written permission from User Services, Rice University.
 
 2
  Introduction to the UNIX Operating System on IT Systems
 Table of Contents
 Introduction..............................................................................................4
 Font Conventions..............................................................................................4
 What is UNIX?........................................................................................4
 UNIX Layers............................................................................................................5Basic UNIX Elements..............................................................................................5
 Logging In and Out..................................................................................6
 Getting the Login Prompt........................................................................................6TTY Terminal...................................................................................................6Workstation.......................................................................................................6Entering Your Userid and Password.........................................................................7Logging Out.............................................................................................................7Workstations and TTY Terminals....................................................................7X Terminals......................................................................................................8Changing Your Password.........................................................................................8
 UNIX Commands....................................................................................9
 The UNIX Shell.......................................................................................................9About UNIX Commands.........................................................................................9Redirecting Input and Output..........................................................................10Getting On-Line Help with Commands.................................................................10Case Sensitivity......................................................................................................11Special Keys and Control Characters.....................................................................11A Selected Command List.....................................................................................12Setup and Status Commands...........................................................................12File and Directory Commands........................................................................13Editing Tools...................................................................................................13Formatting and Printing Commands...............................................................13Program Controls, Pipes, and Filters..............................................................14Other Tools and Applications.........................................................................14About UNIX Files..................................................................................................15Creating Files.........................................................................................................15Displaying Files.....................................................................................................16
 
  Introduction to the UNIX Operating System on IT Systems
 3
 Listing Files............................................................................................................16Copying Files..........................................................................................................17Renaming Files.......................................................................................................17Deleting Files..........................................................................................................18Creating Links Between Files.................................................................................18Printing Files...........................................................................................................19
 Directories...............................................................................................19
 About UNIX Directories.........................................................................................19Displaying Directories............................................................................................20Changing Directories..............................................................................................21Moving Files Between Directories.........................................................................21Copying Files to Other Directories.........................................................................22Renaming Directories.............................................................................................22Removing Directories.............................................................................................22
 File and Directory Permissions...............................................................22Processes.................................................................................................27
 Viewing Your Processes..........................................................................................27Running Background Jobs......................................................................................28Process Scheduling Priority....................................................................................28
 Remote Login.........................................................................................29Troubleshooting......................................................................................29
 Logging In...............................................................................................................29Logging Out............................................................................................................30
 Additional Resources..............................................................................30Problems or Questions............................................................................31
 Faculty, Staff, and Graduate Students:............................................................31Undergraduates:...............................................................................................31

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