Chapter 12: Heredity
Graphic representation of genetic inheritance used to mapgenetic traits
Geneticists use symbols to makeand analyze a pedigree.
If a pedigree represents arecessive trait, then therecessive allele is transmittedfrom generation to generation.
If a pedigree represents adominant trait, then the allelewould be equally distributed tomales and females in eachgeneration.
Genetic DiseasesDisease Inheritance Details PopularityCystic Fibrosis
Recessive defective protein in the plasma membrane; resultsin the formation and accumulation of thick mucusin the lungs and digestive tractWhite Americans
Recessive absence of enzyme that normally breaks down alipid produced and stored in tissues of the centralnervous systemUnited States
Amishand Ashkenazic Jews
Dominant results in a breakdown of certain areas of the brain;results in death before the affected individual couldhave children
Codominant defective hemoglobin forms crystal-like structuresthat change the shape of the red blood cells; personsuffers from anemiaAfrican-Americans
Recessive results from the absence of an enzyme Swedish or Norweigan
inheritance where in adominant trait is completelydominant over the recessivetrait
inheritance pattern where thephenotype of a heterozygote isintermediate between those of the two homozygote; neitherallele of the pair is dominantbut combine and play a newtrait