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Resumes des publications 2004-2007

Resumes des publications 2004-2007

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Published by pascalehp

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Published by: pascalehp on May 28, 2008
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05/09/2014

 
Pascale Hancart PetitetRésumés des publications2004-20072007Hancart Petitet, P.
and Pragathi, V. (2007). Ethnographical views on
valaik
ppu
. Apregnancy rite in Tamil Nadu,
Indian Anthropologist
. 37(1), January: 117-145.
In Tamil Nadu, the end of the first pregnancy is marked by the celebration of the valaik
ppu
rite. This article provides an ethnography of the rite as it is performed in rural areas byscheduled castes people. The first part will present the social context of reproduction as wellas the ritual aspects of the ceremony. The second part will focus on the social interactions inwhich the performance takes place. The valaik
ppu ceremony will thus be seen as a prism to
study various symbolic, medical, social and economical aspects of motherhood incontemporary Indian society.
2006Hancart Petitet, P.
(2006). Une perspective "intime" sur les soignants. La prévention de latransmission mère-enfant du VIH dans un hôpital de district en Inde du Sud, in A.Desgrée du Loû. et B. Ferry (eds),
Sexualité et procréation confrontées au sida dansles pays du Sud.
Paris, CEPED.
Since 2001, In India, HIV PMTCT activities have been started in some hospital in India. Untilrecently, PMTCT programme faced various difficulties, which resulted in high rates of lostpatients. Because of fear of stigma and discrimination or due to social and economicalconstraints some women were not able to follow the rules required by PMTCT protocol. Someof them escaped from the protocol and delivered in maternity wards where no PMTCTprogrammes were taking place. In such context it is also relevant to explore from the point ofview of caregivers, the constraints faced by them and faced by pregnant women in dailyhospital activities of counselling and HIV test, prenatal consultation and delivery. Thus, thischapter wish to enlighten the social logics behind the acceptability and the feasibility of HIVprevention activities at hospital level. It describes also the intimate feelings of hospitalcaregivers in being involved in the fight against AIDS in India by professional obligation or bypersonal choice.
Hancart Petitet, P.
(2006). Les femmes dans l'ombre des sciences sociales. Passons auxactes : compte rendu, XVIe Conférence internationale sur le sida, Toronto, 13-18août 2006,
Transcriptase
129: 81-82.
L’épidémie à VIH a montré que les problèmes liés au sexe, au genre et à la sexualité sontdéterminés à l’échelle individuelle par les relations intimes et privées qu’entretiennent leshommes et les femmes. Au niveau collectif, ces questions apparaissent comme desrévélateurs des nombreux agencements des rapports sociaux entre les sexes, des structuresfamiliales et des contextes économiques et politiques. Des travaux ont documenté lavulnérabilité des femmes par rapport à l’épidémie à VIH. Ce constat est présenté aujourd’huicomme un consensus par les organisations internationales de santé publique. Dans cetteperspective, la question de savoir si les femmes «font» mieux que les hommes, sous-entendu, en matière de «gestion» individuelle de l’épidémie à VIH, me semblait présenter,à priori, une opportunité de discuter ce consensus et de le mettre à l’épreuve del’ethnographie. Lors de la XVI conférence internationale sur le sida, “Women: Doing Better

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