Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
ATP Blog - Germanium by -Dr. Sandra Goodman

ATP Blog - Germanium by -Dr. Sandra Goodman

Ratings: (0)|Views: 94|Likes:
Published by atpfacebook
ATP Blog - Germanium by -Dr. Sandra Goodman
ATP Blog - Germanium by -Dr. Sandra Goodman

More info:

Published by: atpfacebook on May 12, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





ATP Blog – Part I. Germanium"Miracle Molecule"
You may want to print thevariousFULVIC & HUMICSubstance Reportand othereducational documents thatwe have and give it them toyour doctor.Your doctor may very well begrateful that you did....
Source: http://www.positivehealth.com/permit/Articles/Nutrition/Germanium/chapter1.htmChapter 1:Historical Sketch – from Element to OrganicCompoundGermanium the the Element
Germaniumas an element was identified in 1886 by aGerman chemistClemens Winkler.The existence of anelement with Germanium’satomic structurewas actuallypredicted by theRussian chemist Mendeleev,who left aspace in his periodic table for an element which he named‘ekasilicon’. Winkler isolated this element during ananalysis of the ore argyrodite, a silver mineral, from theHimmelsfurst mine, St. Michaelis near Freiburg in Saxonyand named it Germanium after his homeland. Germaniumbelongs to family four of the periodic table,along withcarbon, silicon, tin and lead, and is usually classified as asemi-metal,or said tohave semiconductor properties.
Germaniumis not that rare in the universe, withestimates rangingfrom10-55 parts per million (ppm)(92).On theearth’s crustits
concentration is approximately 6 ppm
therefore being moreabundant than 
gold, silver, cadmium, bismuth, antimony andmercury
in the same range as molybdenum,arsenic, tin, boron and beryllium.
Germaniumrarely forms its own mineral deposits. In most cases,Germanium isfound in small (ppm) levels in the
sulphidic ores of lead, zincand copper,
although occasionally levels of 100 ppm have beenfound in deep thermal deposits of zinc.Germanium is highlyconcentrated in some
coals, about 500 ppm.
The highestreservoirs, worldwide, of Germanium are found in
Tsumeb(formerlyGerman South West Africa)andKipushi (Zaire), with concentrations reaching 1000 ppm.
Technological Applications of Germanium
Several investigators studied microbial, medicinal andbotanical effects of Germanium during the 1920′s and 30′s,but until 1948, Germanium was mainly relegated to thestatus of a rare element. Radar engineering prior to thesecond World War had led to theuse of crystal detectorsbased upon theuse of germanium crystals, and in 1948,Germanium was plucked from obscurity into the limelight by
Bell Laboratories researchersBrattain, Bardeen andShockley, who utilized itssemiconductor properties for the development ofmodern electronic devices, transistors anddiodes.During the seventies,Germaniumwas replaced bysiliconin the semi-conductor engineering field; however new areas ofapplication opened up for this mineral. ForGermanium‘Metal’these include: semi-conductor photodiodes,rectifiers and solar cells;special alloys forelectronics anddental engineering; mirrors, optical systems and radiationdivisors for laser engineering; and infra-red engineeringdevices. Technological applicationsforGermanium dioxide include the production of polyester chips, fluorescenttubes, special glass and in the pharmaceutical industry, theproduction of therapeutically beneficial organic Germaniumcompounds.
The Birth of an Idea – Organic Germanium asMedicine
The events leading to thesynthesis of an organic Germaniumcompound with therapeutic properties are an inspiring tale,likemany scientific discoveries, involving a mixture of serendipity,intuition, persistence and faith. The figure of the now deceasedJapanese researcher, Kazuhiko Asai, looms prominently in thisstory. For without Dr. Asai’s steadfast belief and ability to persistdespite great personal hardship, it is hard to imagine how
organic Germaniumcould have made such arapid leap from idea to actuality as atherapeutic compound.
Once something is created and exists in reality, it can beanalysed, tested and perhaps improved. However, thecreative process, stemming from theconception of an ideaand carried through to the birth of a tangible entity,issomewhat mysterious and awe-inspiring, which oftenprovokes in the humble person gratitude to whatever forces

Activity (4)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads
shivambu liked this
atpfacebook liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->