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Techkon RS 800 Scanning Spectrophotometer Techkon Scanning Spectrophotometer

Techkon RS 800 Scanning Spectrophotometer Techkon Scanning Spectrophotometer

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Published by adeel

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: adeel on May 12, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/09/2013

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 COLOUR 
What is Color?
Colour is simply light of different
wavelengths
and
frequencies
and light is just one form of energy that we can actually see that is made up from photons.Color attributes were first understood by 19th century physiologist Ewald Hering, who made thecolor charts below. His charts show how all colors arise from a combination of green-or-red, blue-or-yellow and brightness. (In his diagram, the green-neutral-red is vertical, and blue-neutral-yellow is horizontal.) The left circle shows relative mixtures of color attributes. The rightcircle shows what we perceive when these attributes are mixed.
Madeby Adeel Masood BS.6(textile)
 
We can understand much about color by considering how the green-red and blue-yellow color attributes interact. For example,contrasting colors are diametrically opposite on the color circle.A modern representation of color space. This is conceptually similar to Herings
circles, but the middle fades to gray.The artistic term “hue” is the edges of the square (the outside of Hering’s circle);Value or toneis a measure of how light or dark a color is, without any consideration for its hue. Think of it astaking a black-and-white photo of a subject where you clearly see what’s in the photo buteverything’s in grayscale. “saturation” represents where the color is placed between grey middle and the colored edge; “value,” also called “brightness” or “luminance,” is the intensity of thecolor and is the third attribute. 
Measurement Instruments
1.
Colorimeter :
This device simulates the eye and has red, green and blue photo detectors. Light, usuallyfrom a quartz halide bulb, illuminates the sample and the reflected light is passed throughthree coloured filters onto separate detectors. The response of the detectors is designed tomatch the different spectral responses of the eye. Colorimeters are used in the textileindustry for quality control pass/fail checks where relative differences are important.Colorimeters are not considered suitable for match prediction work or working tonumerical standards, as the three values produced are for one light source only,commonly D65. Colorimeters do tend to be somewhat cheaper than spectrophotometers
Single wavelength, direct reading colorimeters :
•Water resistant design• Auto-zero calibration• Direct read-out in parts per million
M
 
adeby Adeel Masood BS.6(textile)
 
 
• Meet all USEPA requirements for NPDWR and NPDES monitoring programsSingle parameter test kits provide readings with ±2% accuracy within five seconds. Fully portable design is ideal for both field and laboratory use. Model 1200 colorimeters cover theentire critical range for their test factor, eliminating the need to select a high or low range. Auto-zero calibration works with the push of button. A built-in RS 232 port enables readings to betransferred to a computer or logger. Colorimeters include six, 25 mm screw top sample vials(except 3075B30 which includes five, 10 mm cuvettes), instruction manual and a tough plasticcarrying case. Power requirements: one 9 V battery; optional 110 V and 220 V AC adapters areavailable
Electronic color comparator for objective liquid color valuation; eliminatessubjective visual errors :
• Portable• Conforms to ASTM D 263, D 1045, D1209, D1544 and D 5386Replaces conventional visual color valuation with anobjective system. Simple to use, stand-alone filter  photometer measures transmittance of the low end of the Gardner scale, the upper end of the Hazen scaleand the lower end of the Iodine scale. Fast, single- button operation makes this unit ideal for productioninspections of resins, fats, cosmetics, oils, surfactantsand solvents. Color value is instantly displayed byinserting a sample and selecting a scale. Onlyrequires a 5 mL sample for accurate analysis and can be used with inexpensive disposable cuvettes (not included). Portable when used with optional NiCad batteries (Part number 3073A10, not included).3073A15 are optional 11mm glass cuvettes: precision crafted, cylindrical tubes with rubber corks(20 pieces).3073A20 are optional 11mm glass cuvettes: non-precision, cylindrical, disposable tubes, withoutcorks (approx. 500 pcs.).
Measurement
Transmission measurement dual beam, Z filter 
M
 
adeby Adeel Masood BS.6(textile)

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