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Pier Luigi Nervi and the art of buildings

Pier Luigi Nervi and the art of buildings

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Published by fausto giovannardi
Life of Pier Luigi Nervi
Life of Pier Luigi Nervi

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: fausto giovannardi on May 12, 2010
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01/11/2013

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 Sometimes the names of individuals contain an indication of their characteristics and are almost a predestination; this is the case of Pier Luigi Nervi, whose structures are a sensitive fabric of its buildings scarnificate and discovered much to make them appear continuously vibrating; their harmony is a balance of tension and held shots, repressed, compressed.And his person is.Ernesto N. Rogers Engineers to many people, especially to the public, are mysterious figures.
Peter Rice
The Life (1891-1979)
The years of training.
Pier Luigi Nervi was born in Sondrio June 211891, by Antonio and Luisa Bartoli, from Savona.Due to the work of his father, director post, spenthis youth in several cities of Italy, until he enrolledin the faculty of engineering at the University ofBologna, where he graduated July 28 of 1913
1
.These were the years of introduction in Italy of anew material intended to revolutionize the world ofconstruction: concrete. One of the first tointerested, both from a theoretical point of viewthat the practice was Prof. Attilio Muggia
2
whotaught at the School of Engineering of Bologna,which has among its students Pier Luigi Nervi.These newly graduated, he entered the office ofthe Società per Costruzioni Cementizie which isbased in Bologna and of which Professor. Muggiais the director. The First World War and the call toarms in military genius, however, forcing him to abreak, from 1915 to 1918. Leave after he returnedto work and sent to direct the office of Florence,with considerable autonomy.
1
 
University of Bologna, from The historian:
 
2168 Pier Luigi Nervi di Sondrio (SO), Faculty of Mathematics,Physical and Natural II years 1909-10655 Pier Luigi Nervi di Sondrio (SO), Faculty of Engineering, theGraduate: 28/07/1913.
2
 
Attilio Muggia (1860-1936). Born in Venice, he moved with hisfamily in Bologna where he graduated in 1885 in civil engineeringand architecture. University professor, taught until 1935, forming alegion of professionals, some of whom became famous (Nervi,Vaccaro, Mazzoni, Miozzi, etc.). Played an intense occupation,contributing role in the spread of reinforced concrete in Italy,according to the Hennebique. He was director general of the Societyfor Construction Cementizie founded in 1903, which performedmore than 3500 works up to 1924 years of settlement, and workedin Italy, especially in Bologna, Florence and La Spezia. From G.Muggia, Prof.ing. Attilio Muggia the University of Bologna, Tip.Compositori, Bologna 1951
The activity of these early years is characterizedby continuous testing of a technique, thereinforced concrete, which seems to haveunlimited borders, yet largely to be explored.His work is hectic efforts are the years in whichthe young PL Nervi work on a massive addition toFlorence, where the structure makes the coverageof the cinema hall of Alhambra (1919-1921) inPiazza Beccaria, in San Vincenzo (LI), with theconstruction of silos load of limestone for theservice of Solvay , and also in nearby Prato, atown in the middle of textile industrial revolution,with the birth and development of many textilecompanies. These need to quickly build largebuildings for the production, and the Company forConstruction Cementizie responds with thepossibilities offered by new technology ofreinforced concrete. With so much work, the roleand the emoluments of PL Nervi inside thecompany remain unchanged, hence the decisionin 1923 to connect companies with RodolfoNebbiosi of Rome, already holds a constructioncompany, and is the "Soc. Ingg. Nervi andNebbiosi that remain active until 1932. Obviouslythe relationship with the company become oldargument, especially since he was denied thechance of being recognized paternity of theprojects carried out for this, the seat of Florence.But his relations with the city are still very strong,as demonstrated by the number of jobs here thatwill run in the catalog of Nervi & Nebbiosi, andwhich are not due to the Nebbiosi knowledge thatresides permanently in Rome. However, probablyafter the abandonment of the Directorate ofConstruction Company Cementizie by Prof.Muggia, which will replace the engineer. LeonePoggi
3
, relations between this and take positiveNervi, in the form of external consultants.
3
 
Grandson of the famous designer Giuseppe Poggi of the greattransformations of the capital Florence.
 
 
 In 1924 he married Irene Calosi which will havefour children (Antonio, Mario, Carlo e Vittorio)three of whom accompanied him in the work
4
.
An apprenticeship virtuoso.
Nervi in new faces as a businessman anddesigner, the construction of reinforced concreteroof of the Teatro Vittorio Emanuele of Lavorini’brothers of Montecatini and April of 1924 to coverthe work of the theater Bruno Banchini of Prato,(today Politeama Pratese) on behalf views athlete.The theme of covers of major public spacesfascinates him, and both these works are theprelude to the wonderful coverage beamed radialmotion picture theater Augustan society Funicularcentral Naples, built in 1928-29 and the firstsignificant opera shown by traditionalhistoriography on Nervi .But still remain in Florence and Prato, where thenew company, immediately after the completion ofBanchini theater, began construction of one of thelargest textile factories in full course for thecompany Calamai, which include structures withcoverage the trusses to stand in reinforcedconcrete without chain, and where the thrust isabsorbed by special stiffening beams on theoutside of the coverage, found space where theelevated structure of ventilation required forworking in dry cleaners. This building, away fromthe city center was still intact and has resistedeven at the military Germans during their retreat inWorld War.Another industrial complex is still intact built in theValley of Bisenzio, in the Cartaia, just north ofPrato. Here one of the sheds has a cover with agreat time to push out, made not only to absorbmetal chains, but also two huge towers ofreinforced concrete horizontal seats in the firstquarter of each side. The other warehouses, lightmore modest, are also covered a time, with thethrusts absorbed by reinforcing rods in ahexagonal section.Nervi also makes more traditional structures, andeven less organic, to perform only certainextensions such as the price of the woolen mill
4
 
Antonio 1925 and Vittorio 1930 (arch.) Mario 1926(ing.)
 
Luigi Pecci, now disappeared. Among the recentmajor customers Prato, you must surelyremember the entrepreneur Vincenzo Cangioli,which will implement the Fabbricone Nervi, whosestructures are still intact sheed.
Designer and manufacturer.
 With this first large group of works ends onassociation between Nervi and Nebbiosi, and fortyyears PL Nervi will start a new one with his cousinJohn Bartoli, also an engineer, whom founded in1932 in Rome the "Soc. Ingg. Bartoli & Nervi "thatremain active even after his death, before beingdissolved enforcement dozens of years later. Thenew company, Nervi important part in a tender inPrato, to build a new bridge drive and apedestrian walkway on Bisenzio, for directconnection between the new and the old railwaystation. The Nervi & Bartoli proposing alightweight walkway absolutely no decorations, asingle span of 60 meters of clear light, formed bytwo arches with slightly different curvatureintersected middle, where the armor in iron form akind of zipper. Not wins and is awarded the tenderanother Roman society: the Ferrobeton whichthen build a bridge similar to that proposed byNervi.The undertaking Nervi & Bartoli, you must followthe achievements of the Florentine ManufacturingTobacco, the trampolines and the building ofCircolo del Golf at 'Ugolino and an activeparticipation in several yards of the station of S.Maria Novella.P.L. Nervi is now a mature designer, who works inthe same period to the first important andcelebrated work of his career: the stadium G.Berta Florence. From now onwards will beoccupied by new and important commitments andfrom his office in Rome Lungotevere Arnaldo daBrescia and shed the Magliana, and leaves littleby little the environment Fiorentino.It 'clear that the structures Florence and Prato,were Nervi a kind of laboratory, and anapprenticeship virtuous, which allowed him to

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