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Geo Tourism

Geo Tourism

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Published by: Teo Jia Ming Nickolas on May 12, 2010
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09/02/2010

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Geography Tourism
Reason for travel
1.Leisure E.G. Visit tourist attractions2.Business E.G. MICE- Meeting, Incentives, Conventions, Exhibitions3.Niche areas E.G. Sports, medical, education
 Tourist attractions
1.Environment
Natural features E.G. Mountains, beaches, rivers, forestsClimatic differences E.G. Tropical islands, snow-capped mountains
1.Culture/History
Architecture E.G. Places of worship, monuments, memorials, buildingsCultural expressions E.G. Festivals, cuisine, arts & crafts, music, dances,folklore
1.Man-made
Human made features E.G. Theme parks, museums, city landscapes
1.Events
E.G. Parades, carnivals, sales, meetings, conventions, sports center
Reasons for tourism growth
1.Disposable income
It is the amount of money available for an individual to spend
As economic conditions improve, people get more disposable incometo spend on travel
However, in countries with high taxes or unemployment rates, travel isconsidered a luxury, as people will spend on necessities instead.
1.Leisure time
Leisure time is time available to spend outside the demands of work orduty
People with more leisure time (E.G. retirees) are more inclined to travel
2.Changing lifestyle
 Travel has become a form of relaxation
 Travel has also become avenue for self-discovery
Ancestry tourism helps the tourist to trace his/her ancestry, visitthe birth place of ancestors and sometimes get to know distantrelatives
Volunteer tourism is where tourist spend their vacation doingvolunteer work
 
3.Amenities
Attractions E.G. theme parks, museums and leisure complexes
Facilities E.G. Accommodation such as backpackers’ inns to high-endluxury hotels, shopping and entertainment outlets
4.Accessibility
A place which is easily accessible is more attractive due to reduction intravel time
E.G. Well-developed transport network (land, sea and air routes) andtransportation facilities
5.Affordability
Cheaper fares due to competition between airline companies
E.G. Air tiger, Jetstar, Tiger airways, Lionair
6.Subsidiary services
It is the marketing, reservation and coordination among different touragencies operation within a country.
Often, a nation body, such as a tourism board, is set up to promotetourism and help coordination efforts.
E.G. Singapore Visitor Center by STB, China Nation TourismAdministration (CNTA)
7.Quality service
It is the assistance and support provided to a customers
Pleasant experiences might prompt tourists to make repeat visits oreven recommend the country to their friends.
Excellence Service Award (ESA) and Go the Extra Mile for Service(G.E.M.S) are strategies to improve the service sector in Singapore
8.Prevalence of media
A country or place may promote itself as a favored tourist destinationby advertising through the various media
E.G. Bus stops, Cabs, Movies
9.Information and communication
 Travel arrangements can be made online, phone or fax
People can access information on other countries through the internet,and make travel plans.
E.G. Trip advisors, Blogs, Networking sites (Facebook)
10.Meetings & conventions
 This is MICE travel
E.G. 117
th
International Olympic committee session held in 2005
E.G. 2006 Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors of theInternational Monetary Fund and the World Bank Group
11.Reduction in political barrier
 
 The erosion of political barriers has boosted tourist travel into and outof countries which previously has strict travel restrictions
E.G. fall of the ‘Iron Curtain’ in eastern Europe
E.G. European Union (EU) has created a single market within memberstates with a common trade policy and common currency (Euro)
 Tourism impacts
Economic Impacts (Positive)
1.Contribution to revenue
 Tourist spending enables, food, hotel, leisure, retail and transportindustries to make profit
Government then receives revenue through taxes paid by industries
Leading to an increase in GDP
E.G. Singapore GDP from $9.8 Billion in 2004, to $15.2 Billion in 2008
2.Development of infrastructure
Infrastructure is transportation, communications, attractions andlandscape development
When the government develops infrastructures for tourism sector, itbenefits the locals and improves their quality of life.
E.G. IR gives Singaporeans a casino and theme park
3.Job creation
A labour intensive industry
It creates jobs in other industries such as primary and secondaryindustries
E.G. Hotels buy food from local farmers which may increase thedemand for local produce
 Jobs are also created in the transportation and food & drinks industry.
4.Contribution to local economies
 Tourism circulates money spent by tourism through the country’seconomy and promotes development
 This effect is known as the multiplier effect
E.G. More food, Shopping outlets, better transportation
5.Diversification of local economies
Increase in various industries related to tourism hence diversifying theeconomy
 Thus, reducing overdependence on a certain industry
E.G. Tibet’s economy has been diversified from largely dependent onagricultural (73.6% in 1959) to include tourism sector (55.5% in 2008)
6.Increase in foreign investment

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