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Table Of Contents

Foreword
Use of Terms
BACKGROUND AND MANDATE FOR THE GROUP OF EXPERTS
Process leading to the Assessment of Assessments
The mandate of the Assessment of Assessments
THE CONTEXT FOR THE REGULAR PROCESS
Humans depend on oceans
Oceans are being depleted and disrupted
Figure 1.1: World capture fisheries production
for the 0 to 700 m layer
Ocean governance is complex
Figure 1.3: Assessments have a key role in informing decision-makers
STRUCTURE OF THE REPORT
Best practices and approaches
Framework and options for the Regular Process
Supporting annexes
REFERENCES
ASSESSMENTS CAN INFORM DECISION MAKING
WHAT MAKES AN ASSESSMENT INFLUENTIAL?
Influence is more than affecting policy and behaviour
External factors can be important for the influence of an assessment
Criteria for assessing the influence of an assessment
INTEGRATED ASSESSMENTS
Box 2.1: The DPSIR framework
THE ECOSYSTEM APPROACH TO OCEAN MANAGEMENT
Box 2.2: The ecosystem approach to ocean management
THE AoA REGIONS
ASSESSMENT TERMINOLOGY
GEOGRAPHICAL TERMINOLOGY
INTRODUCTION
APPROACH TAKEN
Individual assessment analyses
Regional summary assessments
Global or supra-regional summary assessments
Tabulating and summarizing information from the templates
REVIEW OF REGIONAL AND SUPRA-REGIONAL ASSESSMENTS
Regional summaries – an overview
Supra-regional and global assessments – an overview
Table 3.2: Scope of supra-regional and global assessments
Findings on assessment processes
Box 3.2: Regional Seas Programme of UNEP
DISCUSSION
Coverage and themes in assessments
Integration
Assessment components and products
Analysis of policy options and linkages to decision making
Datasets
Processes
Assessment capacity
CONCLUSIONS
Viewing the oceans as part of the whole Earth system
Use of sound science and the promotion of scientific excellence
Continuous improvement in scientific and assessment capacity
Effective links with policy-makers and other users
Transparency and accountability for the process and its products
DESIGN FEATURES FOR AN INFLUENTIAL ASSESSMENT
Objectives and scope
The science/policy relationship
Stakeholder participation
Box 4.2: Benefits of stakeholder participation
Box 4.3: Traditional and community knowledge
Nomination and selection of experts
Treatment of lack of consensus among experts
Treatment of uncertainty
Peer review
Effective communication
Capacity building and networking
Post-assessment evaluation
Linking existing assessment processes
CONCLUSION
WHAT THE REGULAR PROCESS CAN DELIVER
SCHEDULING THE REGULAR PROCESS
FRAMEWORK FOR THE REGULAR PROCESS
Overall objective of the Regular Process
Scope of the Regular Process
Guiding principles for the Regular Process
Best practice guidance on key design features for the Regular Process
THE FIRST CYCLE OF THE REGULAR PROCESS: 2010–2014
Fundamental building blocks
Options for relationship with the United Nations
Options for a Management and Review Body
Options for a Panel of Experts for the Regular Process
Options for a Pool of Experts for the Regular Process
Options for Secretariat support of the Regular Process
OPTIONS FOR FINANCING THE REGULAR PROCESS
ACTIONS AND EXEMPLIFICATIONS OF COSTS
Setting up the institutional arrangements for the Regular Process
Fundamental building blocks for the Regular Process
Evaluation
Overall resource needs
List of acronyms and abbreviations
Index
P. 1
An Assessment of Assessments : Findings of the Group of Experts. Pursuant to UNGA Resolution 60/30 [Summaries for Decision Makers] - [Arabic]

An Assessment of Assessments : Findings of the Group of Experts. Pursuant to UNGA Resolution 60/30 [Summaries for Decision Makers] - [Arabic]

Ratings: (0)|Views: 5,065|Likes:
Despite the central role oceans play in the economic, environmental and social affairs of the planet's 6.7 billion inhabitants, significant gaps exist in our understanding and management of the complex processes at work from the global climate system, to the water cycle and circulation of nutrients, to changes affecting marine habitats. In addition, the vastness of the world's oceans have for far too long been perceived as impervious and indestructible to human impact. To deal with this situation, improved monitoring and observation practices, regular assessments to provide a deeper understanding of the status and trends of environmental changes, and the know-how and ability to prevent, mitigate and adapt to these changes are urgently required. The UN General Assembly in 2005 -- recommended that a regular process for the global reporting and assessment of the state of the marine environment, including its socio-economic aspects (Regular Process), be initiated. The UN Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO (IOC-UNESCO) were asked to serve as the lead agencies in the start-up phase that came to be known as the ?Assessment of Assessments? (AoA). Under the AoA, an Expert Group have developed options and a framework for such a Regular Process, which can serve as the mechanism to keep the world?s oceans and seas under continuing review. The report is being considered by governments in New York from 31 August to 4 September 2009 as requested for by the United Nations General Assembly.
Despite the central role oceans play in the economic, environmental and social affairs of the planet's 6.7 billion inhabitants, significant gaps exist in our understanding and management of the complex processes at work from the global climate system, to the water cycle and circulation of nutrients, to changes affecting marine habitats. In addition, the vastness of the world's oceans have for far too long been perceived as impervious and indestructible to human impact. To deal with this situation, improved monitoring and observation practices, regular assessments to provide a deeper understanding of the status and trends of environmental changes, and the know-how and ability to prevent, mitigate and adapt to these changes are urgently required. The UN General Assembly in 2005 -- recommended that a regular process for the global reporting and assessment of the state of the marine environment, including its socio-economic aspects (Regular Process), be initiated. The UN Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO (IOC-UNESCO) were asked to serve as the lead agencies in the start-up phase that came to be known as the ?Assessment of Assessments? (AoA). Under the AoA, an Expert Group have developed options and a framework for such a Regular Process, which can serve as the mechanism to keep the world?s oceans and seas under continuing review. The report is being considered by governments in New York from 31 August to 4 September 2009 as requested for by the United Nations General Assembly.

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Publish date: Oct 7, 2009
Added to Scribd: May 12, 2010
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reservedISBN:9789280729764
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