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Grafički adapter - Seminarski

Grafički adapter - Seminarski

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Published by Nebojša Smolčić

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Published by: Nebojša Smolčić on May 12, 2010
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04/28/2013

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UVOD.....................................................................................................................31995-2000.............................................................................................................4S3 ViRGE.........................................................................................................4ATI Rage 3D i Rage II.......................................................................................63dfx Voodoo1..................................................................................................7nVidia NV3.......................................................................................................7ATI Rage Pro....................................................................................................83dfx Rush........................................................................................................9S3 Savage 3D..................................................................................................9Matrox G100/G200........................................................................................10Matrox G220/G250........................................................................................11Intel i740 i GMA.............................................................................................123dfx Voodoo2................................................................................................123dfx Voodoo Banshee....................................................................................13nVidia NV4.....................................................................................................13ATI Rage 128.................................................................................................14ATI Rage Fury MAXX......................................................................................15ATI Mobility....................................................................................................16S3 Savage 4..................................................................................................16S3 Savage 2000............................................................................................17nVidia NV5.....................................................................................................18PowerVR Series 2..........................................................................................193dfx Voodoo3................................................................................................20nVidia GeForce 256 (NV10)...........................................................................21Matrox G400/G450........................................................................................222000 - 2009.........................................................................................................233dfx VSA-100 Series......................................................................................23nVidia GeForce 2 (NV11, NV15, NV16)..........................................................24ATI Radeon R100...........................................................................................25PowerVR Series 3 (Kyro)................................................................................26nVidia GeForce 3 (NV20)...............................................................................28ATI Radeon R200...........................................................................................29nVidia GeForce 4...........................................................................................301
 
Matrox Parhelia.............................................................................................31ATI Radeon R300...........................................................................................32nVidia GeForce FX Series...............................................................................33ATI Radeon R420...........................................................................................34nVidia GeForce 6 Series.................................................................................36Matrox G550..................................................................................................37ATI Radeon R520...........................................................................................37nVidia GeForce 7 Series.................................................................................38ATI Radeon R600...........................................................................................40nVidia GeForce 8 Series.................................................................................41nVidia GeForce 9 Series.................................................................................43ATI Radeon R700...........................................................................................44nVidia GeForce 200 Series.............................................................................46Zaključak.............................................................................................................48Zaključak
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Grafički adapter ili video kartica predstavlja uređaj koji se nalazi u kućišturačunara bilo u vidu posebne kartice ili u vidu integrisanog čipa na matičnojploči. Glavni zadatak je da elektonski signal iz računara pretvori u video signalkoji se kasnije prikazuje na monitoru.Prva video kartica zaIBMPC platformu, pojavila se zajedno sa prvim IBMPC računarom 1981. godine i razvijena je u potpunosti od strane IBM-a. Ovakartica je nosila naziv MDA odnosno Monochrome Display Adapter, mogla je daradi jedino u tekstualnom modu i pri tome da prikazuje 80 stupaca i 25 redova(80x25) na ekranu računara. Na raspolaganju je imala 4KB memorije i mogla jeda manipuliše sa samo jednom bojom.Nakon IBM-ovog MDA standarda pojavila se nekolicina naslednika kao štosu CGA, HGC, PGA, EGA, MCGA... Svi ovi novi standardi su omogućili prikazivanjeslike u većim rezolucijama i u više od 1 boje, ali standard koji je postao opšteprihvaćen je VGA koji je mogao da prikaže sliku rezolucije 640x480 koristećišesnaesto-bojnu paletu. Dve godine (1989.) nakon pojavljivanja VGA standardapojavljuje seSVGA(Super VGA) koji je praktično predstavljao poboljšanu verzijunjegovog prethodnika pošto je mogao da prikaže sliku u rezolucijama većim od640x480 i pri tome da koristi 32-bitnu paletu boja.Do sredine 1990-ih industrija grafičkih kartica je bila u zatišju. Osnovni vidkonekcije sa računarom je bio spori ISA slot i njegova nadograđena verzija VLB.Prava revolucija na tržištu grafičkih kartica nastaje pojavom prvih 2D/3Dadaptera za široko korisničko tržište 1995-te godine. Kompanije kao što suATI,3

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