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Designing Plastic Components

Designing Plastic Components

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Published by bartcaffin

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Published by: bartcaffin on May 13, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Designing With Plastic
The Fundamentals
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   T    h  e   F  u  n    d  a  m  e  n   t  a    l  s
Designing With Plastic
The Fundamentals
Table of Contents
Introduction1. Plastics Materials An Overview10
1.1Classification111.1.1Thermoplastics121.1.2Thermosets121.1.3Crystalline, Amorphous, and Liquid13Crystalline Polymers131.1.4Copolymers141.1.5Alloys141.1.6Elastomers141.1.7Additives, Reinforcements, and Fillers14
2. Physical Properties and Terminology15
2.1Density152.2Specific Gravity152.3Water Absorption152.4Mold Shrinkage152.5Opacity/Transparency162.6Elasticity162.7Plasticity162.8Ductility162.9Toughness162.10Brittleness172.11Notch Sensitivity172.12Lubricity172.13Homogeneity172.14Heterogeneity172.15Isotropy172.16Anistropy172.17Significance of Elasticity, Homogeneity, 18and Isotropy
3. Mechanical Properties19
3.1Basic Definitions193.1.1Stress193.1.2Normal Stress203.1.3Normal Strain203.1.4Modulus of Elasticity213.1.4.1Proportional Limit213.1.4.2Yield Point213.1.4.3Ultimate Strength223.1.4.4Elastic Limit223.1.4.5Secant Modulus223.1.4.6Yield Strength223.1.5Poissons Ratio22
Designing With Plastic
The Fundamentals
3.1.6Shear Stress233.1.7Shear Modulus233.2Relating Material Constants233.2.1Direct Shear233.2.2True Stress243.3Other Measures of Strength and Modulus243.3.1Compression Strength and Modulus243.3.2Bending Strength and Modulus253.4Rate Dependence of Mechanical Properties253.5Time-Related Mechanical Properties263.5.1Creep263.5.2Apparent or Creep Modulus273.5.3Creep Rupture273.5.4Stress Relaxation283.5.5Extrapolating Creep and Relaxation Data283.5.6Impact Loading283.5.7Izod Impact283.5.8Charpy Impact293.5.9Tensile Impact293.5.10Falling Dart Impact Test303.5.11Fatigue Endurance30
4. Thermal Properties31
4.1Melting Point314.2Glass Transition Temperature314.3Vicat Softening Point314.4Deflection Temperature Under Load324.5Coefficient of Linear Thermal Expansion324.6Thermal Conductivity324.7Aging at Elevated Temperatures334.8Temperature Index (UL)334.9Flammability334.10Effect of Temperature on Mechanical33Properties4.10.1Strength, Modulus, and Elongation334.10.2Creep354.10.3Impact354.10.4Fatigue35
5. Electrical Properties36
5.1Conductivity in Solids365.2Volume Resistivity365.3Surface Resistivity375.4Dielectric Strength375.5Dielectric Constant (Permittivity)375.6Dissipation Factor385.7Arc Resistance385.8Comparative Tracking Index (CTI)38
Plastics Materials – An OverviewPhysical Propertiesand TerminologyMechanical PropertiesThermal PropertiesElectrical PropertiesEnvironmental ConsiderationsStructural  AnalysisDesign Considerations for Injection-Molded Parts AssemblyMachining, Finishing And Decorating

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