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How to perform Canine CPR

How to perform Canine CPR

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Published by Eric Goebelbecker
How to perfrom CPR on a dog. Very well-structured, step-by-step instructions.
How to perfrom CPR on a dog. Very well-structured, step-by-step instructions.

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Published by: Eric Goebelbecker on May 13, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/19/2014

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A. Airway
The first step in animal CPR (like humanCPR), after determining that the animalis non-responsive, is to obtain an openairway.
You should not continue past A-  Airway, until this step has been achieved! 
1. Carefully pull the tongue straight out of theanimal’s mouth to open the airway
WARNING: even an unresponsive dog may bite by instinct!! 
2. Make sure that the neck is reasonablystraight; try to bring the head in-line withthe neck. 
WARNING: Do not over-straighten the neck incases where neck/head trauma exists
3. Attempt 2 rescue breaths, by closing themouth, and performing mouth-to-noseventilations. If they go in with no problemscontinue to B-Breathing. 4. If not, reposition the neck and try step 3again.5. Visibly inspect the airway by looking intothe mouth, and down the throat for foreignobjects occluding the airway. Unlikehuman-CPR, rescuers may reach into theairway and remove foreign objects that arevisible6. If you still can’t breath into the animal,proceed to the Heimlich maneuver 
A. Heimlich
If you were unable to clear an object fromthe airway in A-Airway, you will need todo the Heimlich Maneuver:
1. Turn the animal upside down, with its backagainst your chest2. Hug the animal with your fist in your hand, just below the rib-cage (for cats, justsqueeze 1 hand in the same place)3. With both arms, give 5 sharp thrusts (bear hugs) to the abdomen. Perform each thrustas if it is the one that will expel the object4. Stop, check to see if the object is visiblein the airway, if so, remove it and give 2mouth-nose rescue breaths. If the breathsdo not go in, go back to step 1
IMPORTANT: Do not proceed with CPR,even if the animal goes into cardiac arrest. You
must
clear the airway first.
B. Breathing
After achieving a patent airway, onemust determine whether the animal isbreathing, and whether this breathingis effective:
1. Carefully pull the tongue straight out of theanimal’s mouth to open the airway
WARNING: even an unresponsive dog may bite by instinct!! 
2. Make sure that the neck is reasonablystraight; try to bring the head in-line withthe neck. 
WARNING: Do not over-straighten the neck incases where neck/head trauma exists
3. Breathe at 12 breaths per minute (1 every 5seconds)With each breath just make the chest rise (donot overinflate, expecially on a small animal)
IMPORTANT: If the breaths do not go in, stopand return to A-Airway! 
4. Proceed to C-Circulation, while continuingbreathing support as necessary
Y o u s t  an d  e e
DownIf you are an EMT, Paramedic or other advanced provider, check outour ALS and BLS for animals on our website

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