Anarchism: Its Aims andPurposes
Anarchism versus economic monopoly and state power; Forerun-ners of modern Anarchism; William Godwin and his work on Polit-ical Justice; P.J. Proudhon and his ideas of political and economicdecentralisation; Max Stirner’s work, The Ego and Its Own; M.Bakunin the Collectivist and founder of the Anarchist movement; P.Kropotkin the exponent of Anarchist Communism and the philosophy of Mutual Aid; Anarchism and revolution; Anarchism a synthesis of Socialism and Liberalism; Anarchism versus economic materialism and Dictatorship; Anarchism and the state; Anarchism a tendency of history; Freedom and culture.
Anarchism is a deﬁnite intellectual current in the life of our times, whoseadherents advocate the abolition of economic monopolies and of all politicaland social coercive institutions within society. In place of the present capital-istic economic order Anarchists would have a free association of all productiveforces based upon co-operative labour, which would have as its sole purpose thesatisfying of the necessary requirements of every member of society, and wouldno longer have in view the special interest of privileged minorities within thesocial union.In place of the present state organisation with their lifeless machinery of po-litical and bureaucratic institutions Anarchists desire a federation of free com-munities which shall be bound to one another by their common economic andsocial interest and shall arrange their aﬀairs by mutual agreement and free con-tract.Anyone who studies at all profoundly the economic and social developmentof the present social system will easily recognise that these objectives do notspring from the Utopian ideas of a few imaginative innovators, but that theyare the logical outcome of a thorough examination of the present-day socialmaladjustments, which with every new phase of the existing social conditionsmanifest themselves more plainly and more unwholesomely. Modern monopoly,capitalism and the totalitarian state are merely the last terms in a developmentwhich could culminate in no other results.The portentous development of our present economic system, leading to a3