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Nestor Makhno - The Struggle Against the State and Other Essays

Nestor Makhno - The Struggle Against the State and Other Essays

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Published by: Adrian on May 13, 2010
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01/23/2013

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Nestor Makhn
The Struggle Against theState and Other Essays
The Anarchist Library
 
Contents
1 Great October in the Ukraine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 On the 10th Anniversary of the Makhnovist Insurgent Move-ment in the Ukraine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 On Defense of the Revolution. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144 A Few Words on the National Question in the Ukraine. . . 175 To the Jews of All Countries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206 The Makhovshchina and Anti-Semitism. . . . . . . . . . . . . 237 In Memory of the Kronstadt Revolt. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 278 The Idea of Equality and the Bolsheviks. . . . . . . . . . . . 299 The Paths of “Proletarian” Power. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3210 “Soviet” Power — Its Present and Its Future. . . . . . . . . 3611 The Struggle Against the State. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3912 The First of May: Symbol of a New Era in the Life andStruggle of the Toilers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4113 Anarchism and Our Times. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4314 Our Organization. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4515 On Revolutionary Discipline. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4716 The ABC of the Revolutionary Anarchist. . . . . . . . . . . . 4917 Open Letter to Spanish Anarchists. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6018 On the History of the Spanish Revolution of 1931 and thePart Played by the Left and Right-Wing Socialists and theAnarchists. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6219 Bibliographical Afterword by Alexandre Skirda. . . . . . . . 67
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Chapter 1
Great October in theUkraine
The month of October 1917 is a great historical watershed in the Russian rev-olution. That watershed consists of the awakening of the toilers of town andcountry to their right to seize control of their own lives and their social andeconomic inheritance; the cultivation of the soil, the housing, the factories, themines, transportation, and lastly the education which had hitherto been usedto strip our ancestors of all these assets.However, as we see it, it would be wide of the mark if we were to see allof the content of the Russian revolution encapsulated in October: in fact, theRussian revolution was hatched over the preceding months, a period duringwhich the peasants in the countryside and the workers in the towns grasped theessential point. Indeed, the revolution of February 1917 came to be a symbolfor the toilers of their economic and political liberation. However, they quicklynoticed that the February revolution as it evolved adopted the degeneratedformat characteristic of the liberal bourgeoisie, and, as such, proved incapableof embarking upon a project of social action. Whereupon the toilers immediatelycast off the restraints imposed by February and set about openly severing alltheir ties to its pseudo-revolutionary aspect and its objectives.In the Ukraine, there were two facets to this activity. At the time, theurban proletariat, in view of the meagerness of the anarchists’ influence uponit on the one hand, and lack of information about the real political policiesand domestic issues in the country on the other, reckoned that hoisting theBolsheviks into power had become the most pressing necessity of the battlethat had been joined for the pursuance of the revolution, if the coalition of Right Social Revolutionaries with the bourgeoisie was to be ousted.Meanwhile, in the countryside, and especially in the Zaporozhe area of theUkraine, where the autocracy had never quite managed to extirpate the spirit of freedom, the toiling revolutionary peasantry took it as its most over-riding andmost basic duty to resort to direct revolutionary action in order to rid themselvesas quickly as possible of the pomeshchiks and kulaks, being persuaded that thisliberation would speed their victory against the socialist-bourgeois coalition.This is the reason why the Ukrainian peasants went on the offensive, seiz-ing the bourgeoisie’s weaponry (particularly at the time of putschist General3

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