Blast Waves Pressure on Structures
Blast waves increase to a value of pressure abovethe ambient pressure. This is referred to as theside
on overpressure that decays as the shockwave expands outward from the explosionsource. After a short time, the pressure behindthe front may drop below the ambient pressure.During such a negative phase, a partial vacuum iscreated and air is sucked in.This can be shown like the figure at the left handside. The exponential decay is called thefreidlander decay. When dealing with
exponential part can beidealized as a reverse ramp load
, with the sameoverall impulse, which gives the
total load acting on the structure =
total area under the pressure
, and the
negative part is neglected
Static Failure Loading and the Failure Deflection
Now that the
magnitude of the loading and the shape of the loading are assumed
the failure mode
for static loading case
, and then
be used for help for analysis of dynamical loading case
,which is the blast type of loading.
The assumed loading
, since far
field blast loading analysis is being made,
is uniformly distributed on thestructure.
If this loading was to act on the structure as a statically load; the maximum moment acting onthe beam would be given by well known formula = q × l
/ 8. The ultimate uniformly distributed that thisbeam can resist can be found by equating the ultimate bending moment to the resistance of thematerial and the section.
For the given material and the section
, by applying simple knowledge from mechanics of structures,
forstatic loading conditions
, the ultimate
moment resistance is
found to be
assuming perfectly elastic behavior
, for the given geometric and loading conditions
this beammakes at failure
found to be
The shear resistance of the given material is 118000 KPa. The loading that causes the maximum momentvalue is generated by a uniformly distributed 161.8 kN / m. This value causes a shear value of 725.7 kNat the supports, and a shear stress of 6399.23 KPa in the cross section, which means
the failure ishappens by flexure before shear in static load case.
However, as can be seen in the following pages, the shear check will be considered for dynamic analysisas well.