Handicrafts are unique expressions and represent a culture, tradition and heritage of acountry. The Handicraft Industry is one of the important productive sector. Various attemptshave been made to define this broad and diversified industry. The following definition strivesto cover diversity and complexity of Handicraft Industry.
Definition According to United Nations Educational, Scientific and CulturalOrganization/Information Technology Community (UNESCO/ITC) InternationalSymposiumon “Crafts and the International Market: Trade and Customs Codification”,Manila,
Philippines, October 1997:
Handicrafts can be defined as products which are produced either completely by hand or withthe help of tools. Mechanical tools may be used as long as the direct manual contribution of the artisan remains the most substantial component of the finished product. Handicrafts aremade from raw materials and can be produced in unlimited numbers. Such products can beutilitarian, aesthetic, artistic, creative, culturally attached, decorative, functional, traditional,religiously and socially symbolic and significant.
Definition according to Govt. of India:
Handicraft can be defined, which is made by hand; should have some artistic value; they mayor may not have functional utility.
The Importance of Handicrafts:
The Cultural Importance:
Handicrafts play very important role in representing the culture and traditions of anycountry or region. Handicrafts are a substantial medium to preserve of rich traditionalart, heritage and culture, traditional skills and talents which are associated withpeople’s lifestyle and history.
The Economic Importance:
Handicrafts are hugely important in terms of economic development. They provideample opportunities for employment even with low capital investments and become aprominent medium for foreign earnings.