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Handicrafts Industry

Handicrafts Industry

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Published by ahmadksath

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Published by: ahmadksath on May 14, 2010
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Handicrafts Introduction
Handicrafts are unique expressions and represent a culture, tradition and heritage of acountry. The Handicraft Industry is one of the important productive sector. Various attemptshave been made to define this broad and diversified industry. The following definition strivesto cover diversity and complexity of Handicraft Industry.
Defining Handicrafts:
Definition According to United Nations Educational, Scientific and CulturalOrganization/Information Technology Community (UNESCO/ITC) InternationalSymposiumon “Crafts and the International Market: Trade and Customs Codification”,Manila,
Philippines, October 1997:
 Handicrafts can be defined as products which are produced either completely by hand or withthe help of tools. Mechanical tools may be used as long as the direct manual contribution of the artisan remains the most substantial component of the finished product. Handicrafts aremade from raw materials and can be produced in unlimited numbers. Such products can beutilitarian, aesthetic, artistic, creative, culturally attached, decorative, functional, traditional,religiously and socially symbolic and significant.
Definition according to Govt. of India:
 Handicraft can be defined, which is made by hand; should have some artistic value; they mayor may not have functional utility.
The Importance of Handicrafts:
The Cultural Importance:
 Handicrafts play very important role in representing the culture and traditions of anycountry or region. Handicrafts are a substantial medium to preserve of rich traditionalart, heritage and culture, traditional skills and talents which are associated withpeople’s lifestyle and history.
The Economic Importance:
 Handicrafts are hugely important in terms of economic development. They provideample opportunities for employment even with low capital investments and become aprominent medium for foreign earnings.
Handicrafts:An Overview
India is a country of rich culture, history and traditions. India is one of the major producerand supplier of Handicrafts products in the world. India has been major producer and supplierof handicrafts products since very long time. Before the industrial development, this art andindustry was a potential economic advantage for the country.During recent years, the importance of handicrafts has been surged due to their cultural andfinancial values. The small scale industries - including handicrafts can play a major role inthe development of the economy of both developed and the developing countries equally. The90-95% of the total industrial products of the world are produced in small workshops run byless than 100 people. For instance, Japan, which is at the peak of the economic development,has considered 84% of the its industries as small and medium scale industries. In countriessuch as India and China, handicrafts are as high as the mechanized products in quality andvolume, and are a major source of their foreign earnings. These countries are focusing on thedevelopment of handicraft industry, in order to strengthen the economy.The Indian handicrafts industry is highly labor intensive, cottage based and decentralizedindustry. The industry is spread all over the country mainly in rural and urban areas. Most of the manufacturing units are located in rural and small towns, and there is huge marketpotential in all Indian cities and abroad. Handicraft industry is a major source of income forrural communities employing over six million artisans including a large number of womenand people belonging to the weaker sections of the society.The Handicraft sector is highly creative sector and produces large variety of crafts products.This industry is localized segment of the domestic and international market. In India theproduction of craft products are done on both large and small scale. Because of low capitalinvestment people can start their business on small scale. Through this flexibility the demandand supply can be managed.The Handicraft industry is a major source of income for rural communities and providesample employment opportunities to over 63.81 lakh artisans, which include a large number of women and people belonging to the weaker sections of the society.Though Indian Handicraft industry is considered a cottage industry, but it has evolved as oneof the major revenue generator over the years. There has been consistent growth of 20% overfew years and the industry has evolved as one of the major contributor for export and foreignrevenue generation.The exports of Handicraft Goods during 2005-06 were Rs. 15,616 crores and upto theJanuary 2007 it was Rs. 16,117.38 crores. For the growth and development of the sectorIndian Govt. has launched following schemes:
Baba Sahab Ambedkar Hastshilp Yojna
Design and Technical Upgradation Scheme
Marketing & Support Services Scheme
Export Promotion Scheme
Bima Yojna for Handicraft Artisans
Credit Guarantee Scheme
Gandhi Shilp Bazaar Scheme
There is huge demand of Indian Handicrafts Products in domestic & international market. Itis estimated that Handicraft Industry in India would grow with rapid rate in future andcontributes its share towards economic developmentThough Indian Handicraft industry is considered a cottage industry, but it has evolved as oneof the major revenue generator over the years. There has been consistent growth of 15% overfew years and the industry has evolved as one of the major contributor for export and foreignrevenue generation.There is huge demand for the Indian Handicraft products in both national and internationalmarket. To match the demand and supply with quality, there is need to have greatertechnological support and innovativeness with the uniqueness in industry.
India Handicraft Industry
The concept of Indian Handicrafts has emerged from one of the oldest civilizations calledthe Harrappan Civilization and the Indus Valley Civilization. The exclusive items carvedby the
India Handicraft Industry
comprise of vast cultural and ethnic diversity that hasimbibed an array of unique themes, techniques, and crafts. India Handicraft Industry hasbeen globally popularized as the rich and cultural heritage of India for its unique appeal.Handicrafts of India use brass, metal, wood, stone, and beads to carve its products rangingfrom masterpieces to plain household items.Paintings, furniture, sculptures, artificial jewelry, animal figures, figurines of deities andidols, baskets, and many more items have been complimented as the pride of India.Besides, trading in the local markets, Indian handicrafts are also exported across the globe.Each work of art reflects the adroitness and emotions of the craftsmen which have madethe work more close to heart apart from being an exclusive show piece.To know more about various types of India Handicraft Industry please browse thefollowing links:
India Spinning Industry
India Weaving Industry
India Pottery Industry
India Metalworks Industry
India Woodwork Industry
India Spinning IndustryIndia Spinning Industry
has gone from strength to strength since a very long time nowas it was the hub of cotton manufacturing. Cotton is not only consumed to the highestextent in India but it has also become one of the most profitable textiles in the exportindustry.

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