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The Preparatory Manual of Explosives

The Preparatory Manual of Explosives

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Published by: mighele on May 14, 2010
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THE PREPARATORY MANUAL OFEXPLOSIVES
A LABORATORY MANUALJared B. Ledgard, A.A.S., B.S., M.A.
Organic chemist, Inventor Seattle, Washington USA
i
 
 
ii
Contents
Section I:Introduction
 page 1
Chapter 1
page 1Chemical bonding: oxidation states
 
 page 1Ionic compounds and ionic bonds page 2Covalent compounds and covalent bonds page 3Understanding chemical structures and formulas page 4Chemical reactions page 6Language of chemistry page 6Conversion factors page 7
Section II:Tutorial
 page 9
Chapter 2
page 9Lab safety page 9Laboratory equipment page 10Methods of heating page 11Methods of cooling page 13Extraction page 15Recrystallization, product recovery, and filtration page 17Washing liquid and solids page 20Drying agents, and drying liquids page 21Distillation page 22Final lesson: A tutorial on explosives page 24The dynamics of detonation page 25Detonation verses deflagration and combustion page 26Primary, and secondary explosives page 27Initiation of explosives page 28The power of explosives page 29The physical effects of explosives page 30
Section III:Chemical reagents, intermediates, and solvents
page 32
Chapter 3
 page 32
Section IV:Explosives and explosive compositions
page 65
Chapter 4: The preparation of metal azide, fulminates,and nitrides
page 664-01. AZ AZ Ammonium azide page 664-02. CZ Cupric azide page 67CZ rim fire composition page 684-03. SZ Silver azide page 684-04. MZ Mercury azide page 694-05. LZ Lead azide page 704-06. Mercury fulminate page 71Priming mixture page 72Gunpowder page 72Rim fire composition page 72Rim fire composition page 72Initiating mixture page 734-07. Silver fulminate page 73Priming mixture page 744-08. Copper fulminate page 744-09. Silver nitride page 754-10. Mercury nitride page 754-11. Sulfur nitride page 77
Chapter 5: Preparation of Azides and azo nitros
page 805-01. BDPF Bis(1,3-diazido-2-propyl)formal page 80
 
CONTENTS
iii
5-02. TETRAZIDE Isocyanogen tetraazide page 825-03. TAEN Triazoethanol nitrate page 83TAEN dynamite composition page 845-04. AZIDOETHYL Tris(2-azidoethyl)amine page 845-05. DANP 1,3-Diazido-2-nitrazapropane page 86DANP explosive composition page 885-06. DIANP 1,5-diazido-3-nitraza pentane page 89DIANP propellant page 905-07. Diazodinitrophenol 4,6,-Dinitro-2-diazophenol page 915-08. HNTCAB Hexanitrotetrachloroazobenzene;2,4,6,2',4',6'-Hexanitro-3,5,3',5'-tetrachloroazobenzene page 945-09. DNAT 1,1'-dinitro-3,3'-azo-1,2,4-triazole page 965-10. ADNB 4-Azido-4,4-dintro-1-butyl acetate page 985-11. ADBN. 4-Azido-4,4-dintro-1-butyl nitrate page 100
Chapter 6: The preparation of aza/oxa nitramines
page 1036-01. TNTC. 2,4,6-trinitro-2,4,6-triazacyclohexanone page 103Azadine explosive composition page 105TNTC plastic explosive page 1056-02. DDD. 5,7-dinitro-5,7-diaza-1,3-dioxabicyclo[3:3:0]octan-2-one page 105DDD composition page 1076-03. TEX. 4,10-dinitro-2,6,8-12-tetraoxa-4,10-diazatetracyclo-[5.5.0.05,903,11]-dodecane page 1076-04. DNFA-P. 1,4-dinitrofurazano[3,4-b]piperazine page 110
Chapter 7: The preparation of cyclic nitramines
page 1137-01. RDX. Cyclonite; Hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine;1,3,5-trinitrohexahydro-s-triazine;cyclotrimethylenetrinitramine page 113Composition B page 118RDX explosive composition page 119PBX explosive composition page 119RDX high performance rocket propellant page 119C3 plastic explosive page 120C4 plastic explosive page 120RDX explosive munitions page 1217-02. Solex. 1-(N)-acetyl-3,5,7-trinitro-cyclotetramethyleneTetramine page 123Solex explosive composition page 1247-03. HMX. Octogen; 1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetraazacyclooctane; alpha-HMX and beta-HMX page 124HMX gun propellant page 128HMX explosive page 128HMX plastic explosive page 128PBX B HMX explosive composition page 129HMX explosive page 1297-04. NINHT. 2-nitroimino-5-nitro-hexahydro-1,3,5-triazine page 1297-05. TNAD. 1,4,5,8-Tetranitro-1,4,5,8-tetraazadecalin page 1317-06. DPT. 1,5-methylene-3,7-dinitro-1,3,5,7-tetraazacyclooctane page 134
Chapter 8: The preparation of nitramines
page 1368-01. DITN. Diisopropylamine trinitrate page 1368-02. DMMD. 2,4-dinitro-2,4-diazapentane page 1378-03. Tetryl. Nitramine; N-methyl-N,2,4,6-tetranitrobenzenamine page 139Tetry explosive booster compostion page 1418-04. MNA. Methylnitramine page 1418-05. Methylene dinitramine page 1448-06. HNIW. 2,4,6,8,10,12-hexanitro-2,4,6,8,10,12-

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