. It is the lateral inclination of tire in the transverse vertical plane as measured from theground. It is necessary to have a small amount of negative camber in a suspension to induce camberthrust. Changes in the camber should be minimized to reduce the loss of camber thrust.3.
Steering axis inclination.
SAI is the lateral inclination of steering axis in the transverse vertical planeas measured from the ground.4.
. It is the distance between the treads centre of pressure and the intersection of steeringaxis with the ground. It acts as a moment arm which induces a torque about the steering axis duringforward motion.5.
It is the longitudinal inclination of the steering axis from vertical as measured from theground. Positive caster induces a self correcting force which provides the straight line stability.6.
It is the angle in the plane view which the tire makes with the longitudinal axis. Static toeshould be set such that the tires do not become toe out during maximum bump and the roll.7.
Roll centre in SAE is defined as “the point in transverse vertical plane trough any pair of wheel centers at which lateral forces may be applied to the sprung mass without producing suspensionroll
INDEPENDENT AND DEPENDENT SUSPENSION SYSTEM.
A dependent suspension system normallyhas a simple beam axle that holds wheels parallel to each other and perpendicular to the axle. When thecamber of one wheel changes, the camber of the opposite wheel changes in the same way. Hotchkisssuspension and trailing arm suspension comes under this category.An independent suspension allows wheels to rise and fall on their own without affecting theopposite wheel. In this case, the wheels are either not connected at all or are connected through universal joints with a swing axle. Macpherson and Double wishbone suspension comes under this category.The methods for suspension analysis describe in this paper are illustrated with the help of independent suspension system only
DESIGN CONSIDERATION FOR A SUSPENSION SYSTEM
A suspension design is a compromisebetween the handling capacity of tire and ride quality of vehicle. The factors which increases the ride comfortdeteriorates the handling of vehicle. Good ride quality demands for flexible spring however stiffer spring isrequired to react various braking and acceleration loads. A passenger vehicle is design for a ride comfortwhereas a race car suspension is design for better car handling characteristics. In order to achieve good