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CACHE L2 Student Book Unit2 Sections4-5 Routines and Transitions

CACHE L2 Student Book Unit2 Sections4-5 Routines and Transitions

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Published by: Doodah2 on May 14, 2010
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How to use everyday careroutines and activities to support development 
Sec t ion 4
    
   C   A   C   H   E   L   e   v   e    l   2   C    h   i    l    d   C   a   r   e   a   n    d   E    d   u   c   a   t   i   o   n   U   n   i   t   2   T    h   e    d   e   v   e    l   o   p   i   n   g   c    h   i    l    d
 The care needs of individual children
Adults working with children need to look for ways to promote theirdevelopment. You will look at how to do this through play and activitiesin Unit 8, pages XX–XX. This section explores how some basic needs can be met through routines and daily care activities.A good starting point is to identify the type of care needs that childrenhave. These will not only vary according to their age and stage of development but also according to their parents’ preferences. Thismeans that it is essential to talk to parents and carers to nd out how  best to meet their needs. The spider diagram below shows some basiccare needs; later in this section you will look at how care needs can bemet in children of different ages.
 The importance of supporting the health andwelfare of the child
In each of the four home countries, there are National Standards whichare designed to ensure that children are looked after properly. This hasled to the belief that children’s needs come rst and that routines andcare activities should be individualised. In the past, children often hadto ‘t in’ with the routine of the organisation, but now it is recognisedthat children’s care needs should be more personalised. Normally, it isthe child’s key worker who is responsible for making sure that the child’sneeds are met. The key worker will also liaise with parents and carers toensure that information is exchanged and that the routine is working.If you work with babies and toddlers, you will nd that routines oftenhave to be adapted as the child’s needs change, for example their naptimes may alter. In addition, there will be times when a child needs
Sleepand restToiletingPersonalhygieneHealthandsafetyFoodanddrink
extra support. They may, for example, have slept badly or beparticularly hungry while going through a growth spurt. Somechildren may also need medication or particular skincare as aresult of a medical condition.
Sleep and rest
Why children need sleep
Newborn babies spend most of their time asleep, while young children need considerably more sleep than adults. Sleepis essential for the human body, which uses the time to restmuscles, repair cells and refresh itself. Children also needsleep because at this time the body releases a hormone thathelps them to grow. Sleep is needed by the brain, althoughscientists are unsure why this is the case. Lack of sleep canaffect mood, memory and the ability to concentrate.
Recognising when children are tired
 You will need to learn to recognise when children are tiredand require sleep or rest. Some children need more sleepthan others of the same age, so rst you must nd out abouta child’s routine and sleep habits.Common signs that children are tired include:
rubbing eyes
twiddling hair
sucking thumb
needing comforter
lacking interest in what is going on around them
mood changes, e.g. tearfulness, uncooperativeness
dark rings around eyes.
How to help children sleep
Most young children have a sleep routine, although these varenormously from child to child. This may mean that a 3-year-old mahave a nap after lunch for an hour or a child of 18 months may have ashort nap in the morning and another before tea. The wishes of parentsand carers are always important in establishing a sleep routine. Somemay prefer their child to have a sleep in the late afternoon so that they can spend some time with them after work, while others may nd thata late afternoon nap can mean that they cannot get their child to sleepat night. Finding out about children’s sleeping habits by working withparents and carers will help you to meet children’s needs. You will needto know:
when they go to bed or have a daytime nap
how long they tend to sleep for
if they have a comfort object
if they are used to having a light on or the door wide open.When children are being cared for in large settings, they may at rstnd it difcult to get to sleep. They may not be used to the environment
 Adequate sleep is essential to children’soverall health and development

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