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UCD Unit 1 Child Development

UCD Unit 1 Child Development

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Published by: Doodah2 on May 14, 2010
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Understandingchildren’sdevelopment
1
Introduction
 To look ater and work with children it is important that youunderstand their development. It is impossible to thinkabout how you can meet a child’s needs unless you knowwhat to expect rom him or her in terms o thinking,communication, and physical abilities or example. You willexplore the principles o development and the ve keystages rom birth to age 16 years beore looking at howphysical, social and emotional, communication andintellectual skills are developed.In this unit you will:
1
understand the growth and development o children
2
understand the role o observation o children’sdevelopment in the workplace
3
learn how to observe children’s development
4
understand the required planning to support children’sneeds and development.
 
2
BTEC First Children’s Care, Learning and Development
 This section covers:
principles o developmentstages and sequences o developmentphysical developmentemotional developmentsocial developmentcommunication and speech developmentintellectual developmentmaturationactors aecting growth and development
1.1
Understand the growth anddevelopment o children
Growth and development
What do we mean by growth and development?
Growth
is the increasein size o the body – in height, weight and other measurable areas.
Development
is the gaining o skills in all aspects o the child’s lie.The dierent types o development are oten split into our areas:
Physical
development: this reers to the body increasing in skill andperormance and includes:gross motor development (using large muscles), or example legs andarmsne motor development (precise use o muscles), or example handsand ngers.
Social and emotional
development: this is the development o achild’s identity and sel-image, the development o relationships andeelings about him or hersel and learning the skills to live in societywith other people.
Intellectual
development: this is learning the skills o understanding,memory and concentration.
Communication and speech
development: this is learning tocommunicate with riends, amily and all others.However, it is important to realise that all the areas o development linktogether. Just stop and think about the changes that take place in thedeveloping child.
 
3
Unit 1 Understanding children’s development
At birth there have already been huge changes rom two tiny cells as theegg and sperm joined at conception to a complex new baby at birth.Then rom being a tiny helpless being at birth, by the age o 16 years thechild changes to a highly complex young person who has all the basicskills or lie, including talking, running, writing and the ability to thinkin abstract ways.Weight increases rom 3–4 kg at birth to an average o 65 kg or ayoung man.From a length at birth o about 35 cm, height changes to more than155 cm.From being a relatively immobile baby, the child is able to walk, run,skip and climb.From not being able to talk, the child becomes an ablecommunicator.From being ully dependent, the child learns to dress, eed and thinkor him or hersel.From wide arm movements and automatically grasping everythingthat is put into the hand, the child learns to pick up and use a pencildeveloping to pens, computers and other technical equipment.Growth and development are connected, but are very dierent. Growthis the very visible increase in size o a child. It can be seen in many ways,including weight gain, increase in height and increase in headcircumerence. Children grow very quickly; ask your parents i they havekept a record o your weight and height gain.
Principles o development
There are three basic principles o human development that apply toeveryone rom birth.
1
 
Development starts rom the head and works down thebody.
A new baby cannot hold up his or her head alone. Yet, within a ewmonths, the baby will be able to sit alone. This is because control o the spine and central nervous system develops rom the top o thehead down to the base o the spine. You can see this controldeveloping in a baby as he or she starts to hold the head withoutsupport. Similarly, a new-born baby waves his or her arms aroundvaguely, yet in nine months’ time will nd the tiniest crumb or pieceo Lego easy to pick up with the thumb and nger. This is becausethe nervous system also develops rom the spinal cord out to theextremities (hands and eet).
2
 
All development happens in the same order, but can occurat dierent rates.
A baby has to hold his or her head up, learn to sit with support, andthen without support, beore he or she can stand by holding on to

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