Supporting Teaching and Learning in Schools NVQ Level 3Unit 35 Support bilingual/multilingual pupils
K10 Please explain the role of self-esteem in developingcommunication and self expression and how to promote the self-esteem of pupils through the support you provide
Self-esteem is the way individuals think and feel about themselvesand how well they do things that are important to them. In children,self-esteem is shaped by what they think and feel about themselves.Their self-esteem is highest when they see themselves asapproximating their "ideal" self, the person they would like to be.Children who have high self-esteem have an easier time handlingconflicts, resisting negative pressures, and making friends. Theylaugh and smile more and have a generally optimistic view of theworld and their life. Self-expression occurs when children canexpress what they see, feel, hear, and think; it can help a child findtheir own unique style and personality. Children with good levels ofself esteem are able to communicate well as they feel happy withthemselves as people and are confident enough to make friends andexpress their opinions. Similarly, they are also able to build positivetrusting relationships with staff and communicate well with them.Children with low self-esteem have a difficult time dealing withproblems, are overly self-critical, and can become passive,withdrawn, and depressed. They may hesitate to try new things, mayspeak negatively about themselves, are easily frustrated, and oftensee temporary problems as permanent conditions. They arepessimistic about themselves and their life. They find it difficult toform friendships with other children and may come across as loners.Similarly, with staff, they appear reluctant to communicate or formany sort of relationship. Children who are EAL might findcommunication particularly difficult because their knowledge andunderstanding of English might not be very good, making thesituation extremely frustrating if not dealt with sensitively.