Schottky TTL) and 74F or 54F (for fast TTL). An alphabetic code preceding this indicates the name of the manufacturer (DM for National Semiconductors, SN for Texas Instruments and so on). A two-, three- or four-digit numerical code tellsthe logic function performed by the IC.
The chief advantage of the MOSFETare that it is relatively simple and inexpensive to fabricate, it is small, and itconsumes very little power. The fabrication of MOS ICs is approximately one0third as complex as the fabrication of bipolar ICs. In addition, MOS devices occupy much less space on a chip that bipolar transistor requires. Typically aMOSFET requires 1 square mil of chip area while a bipolar transistor requires about 60 square mils. More important,MOS digital ICs normally do not use the IC resistor elements that take up so much of the chip area of bipolar ICs.All of this means that MOS ICs can accommodate a much larger number of circuit elements on a single chip than bipolar ICs. This advantage is evidenced by the fact that MOS ICs have dominated bipolar ICs in the area of large-scaleintegration. The high packing density of MOS ICs make them especially well suited for complex ICs such asmicroprocessor and memory chips.The principal disadvantage of MOS ICs is their relatively sow operating speed when compared with the bipolar IC families. In may applications this is not a prime consideration, and so MOS logic offers an oftensuperior alternative to bipolar logic. The popular CMOS subfamilies include the 4000A, 4000B, 4000UB, 54/74C,54/74HC, 54/74HCT,54/74AC and 54/74ACT families. 54/74C, 54/74HC, 54/74HCT, 54/74AC and 54/74ACTare CMOS logic families with pin-compatible 54/74 TTL series logic functions.
HIGH-level input current,
. This is the current flowing into the input when a HIGH-level input voltage equal to theminimum HIGH-level output voltage specified for the family is applied.•
LOW-level input current,
. The LOW-level input current is the maximum current flowing into the input of a logicfunction when the voltage applied at the input equals the maximum LOW-level output voltage specified for the family.•
HIGH-level output current,
. This is the maximum current flowing out of an output whenthe input conditions are such that the output is in the logic HIGH state. It tells about the current sourcing capability of theoutput. The magnitude of I
determines the number of inputs the logic function can drive when its output is in the logicHIGH state. For example, for the standard TTL family, the minimum guaranteed IOH is 400μA, which can drive 10standard TTL inputs with each requiring 40μA in the HIGH state.•
LOW-level output current,
. This is the maximum current flowing into the output pin of a logic function when theinput conditions are such that the output is in the logic LOW state. It tells about the current sinking capability of theoutput. The magnitude of I
determines the number of inputs the logic function can drive when its output is in the logicLOW state. For example, for the standard TTL family, the minimum guaranteed I
is 16mA, which can drive 10 standardTTL inputs with each requiring 1.6mA in the LOW state