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Electric Ballast_Siddharth Chauhan

Electric Ballast_Siddharth Chauhan

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Published by Siddharth Chauhan

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Published by: Siddharth Chauhan on May 15, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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A device required by electric-discharge lightsources such as fluorescent or HID lamps toregulate voltage and current supplied to thelamp at the start and throughout theoperation.Ballasts vary greatly in complexity. They canbe as simple as a series resistor as commonlyused with small neon lamps.For higher-power installations, too muchenergy would be wasted in a resistive ballast,so alternatives are used that depend upon thereactance of inductors, capacitors, or both.Finally, ballasts can be as complex as thecomputerized, remote-controlled electronicballasts used with fluorescent lamps.
Why an Electronic Ballast isNeeded
A lighting ballast is necessary to operate discharge lightsbecause they have negative resistance.
The discharge light sources are unable to regulate theamount of current that passes through them.
A lighting ballast must be used to control current flow;otherwise the light source could fail .
Electronic Lamp Ballast...
Uses solid state electronic circuitry to provide the properstarting and operating electrical condition to power one ormore fluorescent lamps and more recently HID lamps.
Usually change the frequency of the power from thestandard mains (e.g, 50Hz in India) frequency to 20,000 Hzor higher, substantially eliminating the “StroboscopicEffect”u of flicker (100 or 120 Hz, twice the line frequency)associated with fluorescent lighting .
 The lamps actually operate at about 9% higher efficacyabove approximately 10 kHz

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