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025. Adelphi; Theosophical Society Publising House; Blavatsky on Wiki

025. Adelphi; Theosophical Society Publising House; Blavatsky on Wiki

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Adelphi; Theosophical Society Publising House; Blavatsky on Wiki
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Helena Blavatsky
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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citation style may be unclear
. The references used may be made clearer with adifferent or consistent style ofcitation,footnoting, orexternal linking.
(December 2009)
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has been nominated to be checked for itsneutrality
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(December 2009)
Helena Petrovna Blavatsky
(Russian:
Елена Петровна Блаватская
,Ukrainian:
Олена ПетрівнаБлаватська
), (born as
Helena von Hahn
(Russian:
Елена Петровна Ган
,Ukrainian:
Олена ПетрівнаГан
); 12 August
[O.S.31 July]
1831,Yekaterinoslav,Yekaterinoslav,Russian Empire(today Dnipropetrovsk,Ukraine)
 –
died 8 May, 1891,London), was a founder ofTheosophyand the Theosophical Society.
[1]
 
Biography
Family
Her parents were Colonel Peter von Hahn (Russian:
Пётр Алексеевич Ган
, 1798
 –
1873) of the ancientvon Hahnfamily ofGerman nobility  (German:
uradel 
) fromBasedow(Mecklenburg) and Helena Fadeyeva (Russian:
Елена Андреевна Фадеева
, 1814
 –
1843), the author, under thepen-name "Zeneida R-va", of a dozen novels. Described byBelinskyas the "RussianGeorge Sand", she died at the age of 28, when Helena was eleven. Helena's sisterVera Zhelikhovskywas a writer of occult/ fantasticfiction. Helena's first cousin wasSergei Witte, who was Russian Minister, and then Prime Minister in the reign ofTsar Nicholas II. In his memoirs, Count Witte recalls his encounters with Helena.Helena's maternal grandparents were Andrey Mikhailovich Fadeyev, Governor ofSaratov, later ofTbilisi, and his wife PrincessHelene Dolgoruki  prominent figures of the age of Russian enlightenment. Helena grew up amid a culture rich in spirituality and traditional Russian mythologies,which introduced her to the realm of the supernatural.Helena's great-grand nephewBoris de Zirkoff(
Борис Цирков
, 1902
 –
1981) was an active member of the Theosophical Society and editor of theBlavatsky Collected Writings; her great-grand niece, also Helena (b. 1935), lives in Moscow and her resemblance to HPB is striking.
[
citation needed 
]
 
First marriage
She was married four weeks before she turned seventeen, on July 7, 1848, to the forty-year oldNikifor (also Nicephor) Vassilievich Blavatsky,vice-governor ofErivan. After three unhappy months, she rode by horse and escaped back over the mountains to her grandfather inTiflis. Her grandfather decided that she should be shipped off immediately to her father, who was retired and living nearSaint Petersburg. Although herfather travelled two thousand miles to meet her atOdessa, she was not there. She had missed the steamer, and sailed away with the skipper ofan Englishbarkbound forIstanbul. According to her account, they never consummated their marriage,
[2]
and she remained a virgin her entirelife.
Wandering years
According to her own story as told to a later biographer, she spent the years 1848 to 1858 traveling the world, and is said to have visitedEgypt,France,Canada(Quebec),England,South America,Germany,Mexico,India,Greeceand especiallyTibetto study for two years with the men she called Brothers. She claimed to have becomeBuddhistwhile inSri Lanka
[3]
and to have been initiated in Tibet. She returned to Russia in1858 and went first to see her sister Vera, a young widow living inRugodevo, a village which she had inherited from her husband.
Agardi Metrovitch
The
neutralityof this article isdisputed
. Please see the discussion on thetalk page. Please donot remove this message until thedispute is resolved. 
(March 2009)
 
Helena Blavatsky, co-founder of theTheosophical Society 
Contents
 
[hide]
 1 Biography 1.1 Family 1.2 First marriage 1.3 Wandering years 1.4 Agardi Metrovitch 1.5 To New York 1.6 Foundation of Theosophical Society 1.7 To India 1.8 Final years 1.9 Controversies of authenticity, plagiarism, influence, and Aryanism2 Works 3 Books about her 4 See also 5 References 6 External links 
[edit][edit][edit][edit][edit]ReadEditView history
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Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article InteractionAbout Wikipedia Community portal Recent changes Contact Wikipedia Donate to Wikipedia Help ToolboxPrint/exportLanguages
 
About this time, she met and left withAgardi Metrovich, an Italianoperasinger. While unconfirmed gossip of that time referred to a child named Yuri, whom she loved dearly, she clarified it in writing that Yuri was a child of her friends the Metroviches. This view was supported by one of hermany accusers V. S. Solovioff.
[4][5][6]
. To balance this statement, Count Witte, her first cousin on her mother's side, stated in his memoirs (asquoted byG. Williams), that her father read aloud a letter in which Metrovich signed himself as "your affectionate grandson". This is evidencethat Metrovich considered himself Helena's husband at this point. Yuri died at the age of five, and Blavatsky said that she ceased to believe intheRussian OrthodoxGod at this point. It is however known that the Theosophists claim that there exists a passport in the Point LomaTheosophical Society, which show that Yuri was not H. P. Blavatsky's child.
[7]
 Two different versions of how Agardi died are extant. In one, G. Williams states that Agardi had been taken sick with a fever and delirium inRamleh, and that he died in bed on April 19, 1870. In the second version, while bound forCairoon a boat, the
Evmonia 
, in 1871, an explosionclaimed Agardi's life, and Blavatsky continued on to Cairo alone.
[8]
During her stay in Cairo in the early 1870s, Blavatsky established herself asamedium, and began to hold
séances
.
[9]
 Another unfounded account is that while in Cairo she formed the
Société Spirité
foroccultphenomena with Emma Cutting (later EmmaCoulomb), which is said to have closed after dissatisfied customers complained of fraudulent activities.
To New York
It was in 1873 that she emigrated toNew York City. Impressing people with her professedpsychicabilities, she was spurred on to continue her mediumship. Mediumship (amongother psychical and spiritual sciences of the time), based upon the belief known asSpiritualismwhich began atRochester, NY, was a widely popular and fast-spreading field upon which Blavatsky based her career.
[10]
 Throughout her career she claimed to have demonstrated physical and mental psychicfeats which includedlevitation,clairvoyance, out-of-body projection,telepathy, and clairaudience. Another claim of hers wasmaterialization, that is, producing physical objects out of nothing, though in general, her interests were more in the area of 'theory' and'laws' rather than demonstration.In 1874 at the farm of theEddy Brothers, Helena metHenry Steel Olcott, a lawyer, agricultural expert, and journalist who covered theSpiritualistphenomenon. Soon theywere working together in the "Lamasery" (alternate spelling: "Lamastery") where her book
Isis Unveiled 
was written.Blavatsky married her second husband, Michael C. Betanelly on April 3, 1875 in New York City. She separated from Betanelly after a fewmonths, and their divorce was legalized on May 25, 1878. On July 8, 1878, she became anaturalized citizenof theUnited States, but after leaving for India later that year she never returned to the country.
[9]
 
Foundation of Theosophical Society
Living in New York City, she helped found the Theosophical Society in September 1875, withHenry Steel Olcott,William Quan Judgeand others.Blavatsky wrote that all religions were both true in their inner teachings and problematic or imperfect intheir external conventional manifestations.
[
citation needed 
]
Her writings connecting esoteric spiritualknowledge with new science may be considered to be the first instance of what is now calledNew Age thinking.
[11]
 
She also lived in Philadelphia for part of 1875, where she resided at 3420 Sansom Street, now home of the
White Dog Cafe.
[12]
While living on Sansom Street, Madame Blavatsky became ill with an infected leg.She claimed to have undergone a "transformation" during her illness which inspired her to found theTheosophical Society. In a letter dated June 12, 1875, she described her recovery, explaining that shedismissed the doctors and surgeons who threatened amputation. She is quoted as saying "Fancy my leggoing to the spirit land before me!", and had a white dog sleep across her leg by night.
To India
She had moved to India, landing at Bombay on February 16, 1879,
[13]
where she first made theacquaintance ofA. P. Sinnett. In his book
Occult World 
he describes how she stayed at his home inAllahabadfor six weeks that year, and again the following year.
[14]
 Sometime around December 1880, while at a dinner party with a group includingA. O. Humeand his wife,she is claimed to have been instrumental in causing the materialization of Mrs Hume's lost brooch.
[15]
 By 1882 the Theosophical Society became an international organization, and it was at this time that shemoved the headquarters toAdyarnear Madras, India (nowChennai). The society headquartered here for some time, but she later went to Germany for a while, in between shestayed atOstend(July 15, 1886
 –
May 1, 1887) where she could easily meet her English friends. Shewrote a big part of the
Secret Doctrine 
in Ostend
[16]
and there she claimed a revelation during an illnesstelling her to continue the book at any cost. Finally she went to England.A disciple put her up in her own house in England and it was here that she lived until the end of her life.
Final years
In August, 1890 she formed the "Inner Circle" of 12 disciples: "Countess Constance Wachtmeister, MrsIsabel Cooper-Oakley, Miss Emily Kislingbury, Miss Laura Cooper, MrsAnnie Besant, Mrs Alice Cleather, DrArchibald Keightley, Herbert Coryn, Claude Wright,G. R. S. Mead, E. T. Sturdy, and Walter Old".
[17]
 Blavatsky was a close friend of John Watkins, and inspired him to open an estoric bookshop in London;Watkins foundedWatkins Booksa few years after her death.
[18]
 Suffering fromBright's diseaseand complications frominfluenza
, Blavatsky died in her home at 19 Avenue
Road, St Johns Wood, London, on May 8, 1891.
[9]
Her last words in regard to her work were: "Keep thelink unbroken! Do not let my last incarnation be a failure." Her body wascremated
at Woking on May 11;
 
Blavatsky andHenry Steel Olcott, a lawyer,agricultural expert, and journalist who covered theSpiritualistphenomenon
[edit][edit]
 
Part of aserieson
Theosophy
 
Founders of the T. S.
Helena Blavatsky
 Henry Steel Olcott William Quan Judge
Theosophists
Alfred Percy Sinnett Abner Doubleday
 Geoffrey Hodson Archibald Keightley
 C.W. LeadbeaterAnnie Besant
 G. R. S. Mead Katherine Tingley
 Ernest Wood
Philosophical concepts
Seven Rays
Organisations
Theosophical Society TS Adyar
 TS Pasadena TS Point Loma-Covina
 TSA HargroveUnited Lodge of Theosophists
Theosophical texts
Isis Unveiled
 The Key to Theosophy Mahatma Letters
 The Secret DoctrineThe Voice of the Silence 
More...
Theosophical Masters
Sanat Kumara
 Maitreya Djwal Khul
 Morya Kuthumi
 Paul the Venetian Serapis Bey
 Master Hilarion Master Jesus
 Master Rakoczi
Related topics
Agni Yoga
 Anthroposophy Esotericism
 Jiddu Krishnamurti 
[edit][edit]
 
[9]
one third of her ashes were sent to Europe, one third with William Quan Judge to the United States,and one third to India where her ashes were scattered in theGanges River. May 8 is celebrated byTheosophists, and it is calledWhite Lotus Day.Following Blavatsky's death, the Theosophical Society split in two, each part claiming her as its "rightfulprogenitor".
[19]
One branch was headed by her protégé, Annie Besant, and the other, the American
Section, by her friend W. Q. Judge.
Controversies of authenticity, plagiarism, influence, and Aryanism
Well-known and controversial during her life, Blavatsky was influential onspiritualismand related subcultures: "the western esoteric tradition hasno more important figure in modern times."
[20]
She wrote prolifically, publishing thousands of pages, and debate continues about her claims. Throughout much of Blavatsky's public life, her work drew harsh criticism from some of the learned authorities of her day, who accused her ofbeing a charlatan, an impostor, and a fraud. She was accused of numerous things among them of being a trickster, a false medium, evil, a spyfor the Russians, a smoker of cannabis, a spy for the English, a racist, a falsifier of letters, and that her claim about the existence of masters ofwisdom was totally and utterly false. Most of the accusations remain heavily undocumented even today.
[21][22][23][24]
 H. P. Blavatsky herself said, that one of the main reasons for the many attacks on her and on the Theosophical Society, which she was a co-founder of was:
"you must bear in mind how many powerful adversaries we have aroused ever since the formation of our Society. As I just said, if the Theosophical movement were one of those numerous modern crazes, as harmless at the end as they are evanescent, it would 
be simply laughed at― as it is now by those who still do not understand its real purport ― and left severely alone. But it is nothing 
of the kind. Intrinsically, Theosophy is the most serious movement of this age; and one, moreover, which threatens the very life of most of the time- 
honoured humbugs, prejudices, and social evils of the day ― those evils which fatten and make happy the upper 
ten and their imitators and sycophants, the wealthy dozens of the middle classes, while they positively crush and starve out of existence the millions of the poor. Think of this, and you will easily understand the reason of such a relentless persecution by those others who, more observant and perspicacious, do see the true nature of Theosophy, and therefore dread it." 
 
[25]
 In
The New York Times 
Edward Hower wrote, "Theosophical writers have defended her sources vehemently. Skeptics have painted her as agreat fraud."
[26]
 The authenticity and originality of her writings were questioned. Blavatsky was accused of having plagiarized a number of sources, copying thetexts crudely enough to misspell the more difficult words. See:
The Sources of Madame Blavatsky's Writings 
by William Emmette Colemanfrom
Modern Priestess of Isis 
by Vsevolod Sergyeevich Solovyoff (author),Walter Leaf(translator).
[27]
 In his 1885 report to theSociety for Psychical Research(SPR), Richard Hodgson concluded that Blavatsky was a fraud. However, in a 1986press release to the newspapers and leading magazines in Great Britain, Canada and the USA the same SPR retracted the Hodgson report,after a re-examination of the case by theForteanpsychicDr. Vernon Harrison, past president of The Royal Photographic Society and formerly Research Manager to Thomas De La Rue, an expert on forgery, as follows: "Madame Blavatsky, co-founder of the Theosophical Society, wasunjustly condemned, new study concludes."
[28]
 Blavatsky unfortunately called the current level of human evolution "Aryan", based onIndian culture, which, although from her description comprised the entire human race, has been twisted by some to mean only Northern Europeans. Blavatsky argued that all humanity descendedfrom sevenroot races, with the fifth one being the Aryan race.
[29]
 Since her death, Blavatsky's work has shown its influence in the works of dictators, political leaders, new religion leaders, writers, musicians,and other public figures.Blavatsky argued that humanity had descended from a series of "Root Races", naming the fifth root race (out of seven) the Aryan Race. Shethought that theAryansoriginally came fromAtlantisand described the Aryan races with the following words: "The Aryan races, for instance, now varying from dark brown, almost black, red-brown-yellow, down to the whitest creamy colour, are yet allof one and the same stock -- the FifthRoot-Race-- and spring from one single progenitor, (...) who is said to have lived over 18,000,000years ago, and also 850,000 years ago -- at the time of the sinking of the last remnants of the great continent ofAtlantis."
[30]
 Blavatsky used "Root Race" as a technical term to describe human evolution over the largetimeperiods in hercosmology. However, she also claimed that there were modern non-Aryan peoples who were inferior to Aryans. She regularly contrasts "Aryan" with "Semitic" culture, to thedetriment of the latter, asserting that Semitic peoples are an offshoot of Aryans who have become "degenerate in spirituality and perfected inmateriality."
[31]
She also states that some peoples are "semi-animal creatures". These latter include "the Tasmanians, a portion of theAustralians and a mountain tribe in China." There are also "considerable numbers of the mixed Lemuro-Atlantean peoples produced by variouscrossings with such semi-human stocks -- e.g., the wild men of Borneo, the Veddhas of Ceylon, classed by Prof. Flower among Aryans (!),most of the remaining Australians, Bushmen, Negritos, Andaman Islanders, etc."
[32]
H. P. Blavatsky's references on inferiority among culturalgroups was related to a groups spiritual level of development and not its genetic outfit as assumed by some superficial readers of her teachings.
[33]
H. P. Blavatsky also had the view that there for instance were wise and initiated teacher among the Jews and the Arabs.
[34]
 Despite this, Blavatsky's admirers claim that her thinking was not connected to fascist or racialist ideas, asserting that she believed in aUniversal Brotherhoodof humanity and wrote that "all men have spiritually and physically the same origin" and that "mankind is essentially ofone and the same essence".
[35]
On the other hand, in
The Secret Doctrine 
, Blavatsky states: "Verily mankind is 'of one blood,' but not of thesame essence."Blavatsky connects physical race with spiritual attributes constantly throughout her works:"Esoteric history teaches that idols and their worship died out with the Fourth Race, until the survivors of the hybrid races of the latter(Chinamen, African Negroes, &c.) gradually brought the worship back. The Vedas countenance no idols; all the modern Hindu writings do".
[36]
 "The intellectual difference between the Aryan and other civilized nations and such savages as theSouth Sea Islanders, is inexplicable onany other grounds. No amount of culture, nor generations of training amid civilization, could raise such human specimens as theBushmen,theVeddhasofCeylon, and someAfrican tribes, to the same intellectual level as the Aryans, theSemites, and theTuraniansso called. The 'sacred spark' is missing in them and it is they who are the only inferior races on the globe, now happily -- owing to the wise adjustmentof nature which ever works in that direction -- fast dying out. Verily mankind is 'of one blood,' but not of the same essence. We are the hot-house, artificially quickened plants in nature, having in us a spark, which in them is latent".
[37]
 According to Blavatsky, "the MONADS of the lowest specimens of humanity (the "narrow-brained" savage South-Sea Islander, the African, theAustralian) had no Karma to work out when first born as men, as their more favoured brethren in intelligence had".
[38]
 
Neo-Theosophy Liberal Catholic Church Living Ethics
 Alice A. Bailey Ascended Master Teachings Benjamin Creme
v
 
 
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