one third of her ashes were sent to Europe, one third with William Quan Judge to the United States,and one third to India where her ashes were scattered in theGanges River. May 8 is celebrated byTheosophists, and it is calledWhite Lotus Day.Following Blavatsky's death, the Theosophical Society split in two, each part claiming her as its "rightfulprogenitor".
One branch was headed by her protégé, Annie Besant, and the other, the American
Section, by her friend W. Q. Judge.
Controversies of authenticity, plagiarism, influence, and Aryanism
Well-known and controversial during her life, Blavatsky was influential onspiritualismand related subcultures: "the western esoteric tradition hasno more important figure in modern times."
She wrote prolifically, publishing thousands of pages, and debate continues about her claims. Throughout much of Blavatsky's public life, her work drew harsh criticism from some of the learned authorities of her day, who accused her ofbeing a charlatan, an impostor, and a fraud. She was accused of numerous things among them of being a trickster, a false medium, evil, a spyfor the Russians, a smoker of cannabis, a spy for the English, a racist, a falsifier of letters, and that her claim about the existence of masters ofwisdom was totally and utterly false. Most of the accusations remain heavily undocumented even today.
H. P. Blavatsky herself said, that one of the main reasons for the many attacks on her and on the Theosophical Society, which she was a co-founder of was:
"you must bear in mind how many powerful adversaries we have aroused ever since the formation of our Society. As I just said, if the Theosophical movement were one of those numerous modern crazes, as harmless at the end as they are evanescent, it would
be simply laughed at― as it is now by those who still do not understand its real purport ― and left severely alone. But it is nothing
of the kind. Intrinsically, Theosophy is the most serious movement of this age; and one, moreover, which threatens the very life of most of the time-
honoured humbugs, prejudices, and social evils of the day ― those evils which fatten and make happy the upper
ten and their imitators and sycophants, the wealthy dozens of the middle classes, while they positively crush and starve out of existence the millions of the poor. Think of this, and you will easily understand the reason of such a relentless persecution by those others who, more observant and perspicacious, do see the true nature of Theosophy, and therefore dread it."
The New York Times
Edward Hower wrote, "Theosophical writers have defended her sources vehemently. Skeptics have painted her as agreat fraud."
The authenticity and originality of her writings were questioned. Blavatsky was accused of having plagiarized a number of sources, copying thetexts crudely enough to misspell the more difficult words. See:
The Sources of Madame Blavatsky's Writings
by William Emmette Colemanfrom
Modern Priestess of Isis
by Vsevolod Sergyeevich Solovyoff (author),Walter Leaf(translator).
In his 1885 report to theSociety for Psychical Research(SPR), Richard Hodgson concluded that Blavatsky was a fraud. However, in a 1986press release to the newspapers and leading magazines in Great Britain, Canada and the USA the same SPR retracted the Hodgson report,after a re-examination of the case by theForteanpsychicDr. Vernon Harrison, past president of The Royal Photographic Society and formerly
Research Manager to Thomas De La Rue, an expert on forgery, as follows: "Madame Blavatsky, co-founder of the Theosophical Society, wasunjustly condemned, new study concludes."
Blavatsky unfortunately called the current level of human evolution "Aryan", based onIndian culture, which, although from her description
comprised the entire human race, has been twisted by some to mean only Northern Europeans. Blavatsky argued that all humanity descendedfrom sevenroot races, with the fifth one being the Aryan race.
Since her death, Blavatsky's work has shown its influence in the works of dictators, political leaders, new religion leaders, writers, musicians,and other public figures.Blavatsky argued that humanity had descended from a series of "Root Races", naming the fifth root race (out of seven) the Aryan Race. Shethought that theAryansoriginally came fromAtlantisand described the Aryan races with the following words:
"The Aryan races, for instance, now varying from dark brown, almost black, red-brown-yellow, down to the whitest creamy colour, are yet allof one and the same stock -- the FifthRoot-Race-- and spring from one single progenitor, (...) who is said to have lived over 18,000,000years ago, and also 850,000 years ago -- at the time of the sinking of the last remnants of the great continent ofAtlantis."
Blavatsky used "Root Race" as a technical term to describe human evolution over the largetimeperiods in hercosmology. However, she also
claimed that there were modern non-Aryan peoples who were inferior to Aryans. She regularly contrasts "Aryan" with "Semitic" culture, to thedetriment of the latter, asserting that Semitic peoples are an offshoot of Aryans who have become "degenerate in spirituality and perfected inmateriality."
She also states that some peoples are "semi-animal creatures". These latter include "the Tasmanians, a portion of theAustralians and a mountain tribe in China." There are also "considerable numbers of the mixed Lemuro-Atlantean peoples produced by variouscrossings with such semi-human stocks -- e.g., the wild men of Borneo, the Veddhas of Ceylon, classed by Prof. Flower among Aryans (!),most of the remaining Australians, Bushmen, Negritos, Andaman Islanders, etc."
H. P. Blavatsky's references on inferiority among culturalgroups was related to a groups spiritual level of development and not its genetic outfit as assumed by some superficial readers of her teachings.
H. P. Blavatsky also had the view that there for instance were wise and initiated teacher among the Jews and the Arabs.
Despite this, Blavatsky's admirers claim that her thinking was not connected to fascist or racialist ideas, asserting that she believed in aUniversal Brotherhoodof humanity and wrote that "all men have spiritually and physically the same origin" and that "mankind is essentially ofone and the same essence".
On the other hand, in
The Secret Doctrine
, Blavatsky states: "Verily mankind is 'of one blood,' but not of thesame essence."Blavatsky connects physical race with spiritual attributes constantly throughout her works:"Esoteric history teaches that idols and their worship died out with the Fourth Race, until the survivors of the hybrid races of the latter(Chinamen, African Negroes, &c.) gradually brought the worship back. The Vedas countenance no idols; all the modern Hindu writings do".
"The intellectual difference between the Aryan and other civilized nations and such savages as theSouth Sea Islanders, is inexplicable onany other grounds. No amount of culture, nor generations of training amid civilization, could raise such human specimens as theBushmen,theVeddhasofCeylon, and someAfrican tribes, to the same intellectual level as the Aryans, theSemites, and theTuraniansso called.
The 'sacred spark' is missing in them and it is they who are the only inferior races on the globe, now happily -- owing to the wise adjustmentof nature which ever works in that direction -- fast dying out. Verily mankind is 'of one blood,' but not of the same essence. We are the hot-house, artificially quickened plants in nature, having in us a spark, which in them is latent".
According to Blavatsky, "the MONADS of the lowest specimens of humanity (the "narrow-brained" savage South-Sea Islander, the African, theAustralian) had no Karma to work out when first born as men, as their more favoured brethren in intelligence had".
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