Denby1Eric DenbyProfessor HinrichsenENGL 290February 12, 2008A Freudian Perspective of Lady MacbethThe year was 1923 and a young Austrian psychiatrist published “The Ego and theId,” creating a new theory on the human psyche. Sigmund Freud theorized that ahuman’s personality had three distinct components: the id, ego, and super-ego. Onesimpulses, drives, and desires are a part of the id, operating on a pleasure/pain principle(“Id”). Left unchecked these impulses would attempt to satisfy their urges immediatelywith no regard to consequences. On the other hand, the ego is rooted on the “reality”principle, limiting the id's behaviors and determining what is appropriate based on socialconventions (“Ego”). Three hundred years prior, William Shakespeare wrote
, atragic tale of where ones unchecked and unadulterated desires can lead to. LadyMacbeth acts as a sophisticated Freudian id to Macbeth’s ego, taking action to reachher aims, with no understanding of the true ramifications of her immorality.