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chap15_s08_probs

chap15_s08_probs

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Physics 10163/10164 Spring 2008Homework Problems for Chapter 15
15.3
An alpha particle (charge = +2.0
e
) is sent at high speed toward a gold nucleus(charge = +79
e
). What is the electrical force acting on the alpha particle when it is2.0 × 10
−14
m from the gold nucleus?
( ) ( )
2
2 79
e
k e eFr
=
( )
( )( )
( )
219292214
158 1.60 10 CN m8.99 10 91 N repulsionC2.0 10 m
× = × = ×
15.5
The nucleus of 
8
Be, which consists of 4 protons and 4 neutrons is very unstableand spontaneously decays into two alpha particles (helium nuclei),
(a)
What is theelectric force between two alpha particles when they are 5.00
×
10-15 apart, and
(b)
what is the acceleration of the alpha particle due to this force ?(a) Applying Coulomb’s law, with q(1) and q(2) = +2e
( )
( )( )
219292215
24 1.60 102N m8.99 10 36.8 N25.00 10 m
k eeFCr
× = = × = ×
(b)The mass of an alpha particle = 4.0026 amu (atomic mass units), where
27
u 1.66 10 kg
= ×
. The acceleration of either alpha particle can be found byapplying Newton’s laws:
( )
27 227
36.8 N5.54 10 m s4.002 6 1.66 10 kg
Fam
= = = ××
15.8
An electron is released a short distance above the surface of the Earth. A secondelectron directly below it exerts an electrostatic force on the first electron which just cancels the gravitational force due to Earth. What is the separation of thesetwo electrons ?This problem describes an electric balancing act. The magnitude of the repulsiveforce between these two electrons must
equal 
the weight of an electron,
 
Thus,
2 2
e e
k e r m g
=
- electric force = gravitational force. Note that m
e
g =
2
 RmG
Earthe
, because “little g” is the gravitational acceleration of the Earth.or 
( ) ( )( ) ( )
29 2 2 19231 2
8.99 10 N m C 1.60 10 C5.08 m9.11 10 kg 9.80 m s
ee
k erm g
× ×= = =×
15.10
Calculate the magnitude and direction of the Coulomb force on
each
of the threecharges shown in this figure. There are two positive and one negative charge.
( ) ( )( )
6 6291 2122 2-212
6.00 10 C 1.50 10 CN m8.99 10 89.9 NC3.00 10 m
e
k q qFr
× × = = × = ×
( ) ( )( )
6 621 39222 2-213
6.00 10 C 2.00 10 CN m8.99 10 43.2 NC5.00 10 m
e
k q qFr
× × = = × = ×
( ) ( )( )
6 622 39322 2-223
1.50 10 C 2.00 10 CN m8.99 10 67.4 NC2.00 10 m
e
k q qFr
× × = = × = ×
The net force on the6 C
 µ 
charge is
6 1 2
46.7 N (to the left)
F F F
= =
The net force on the1.5 C
 µ 
charge is
1.5 1 3
157 N (to the right)
F F F
= + =
The net force on the
2 C
 µ 
charge is
2 2 3
111 N (to the left)
F F F
= + =
15.13
Three point charges are located at the corners of an equilateral triangle as seenin the figure. Calculate the net electric force on the 7.00-
 μ 
C charge.
 
Remember that the forces must be added in vector form !
( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )
6 6291226 629222
7.00 10 C 2.00 10 CN m8.99 10C0.500 m0.503 N7.00 10 C 4.00 10 CN m8.99 10C0.500 m1.01 N
FF
× × = ×  =× × = ×  =
Thus,
( )
1 2
cos60.0 0.755 N
x
F F F
Σ = + ° =
and
( )
1 2
sin60.0 0.436 N
 y
F F F
Σ = − ° =
The resultant force on the 7.00
C charge is
( )
( )
22
0.872 N
R x y
F F F
= Σ + Σ =
at
1
tan 30.0
 yx
FF
θ 
Σ = = ° Σ 
or 
0.872 N at 30.0 below the + axis
R
x
= °
F
15.19
An airplane is flying through a thundercloud at a height of 2000 meters. If thereare charge concentrations of +40.0 C at a height of 3000 meters and -40 C at aheight of 1000 meters, what is the electric field at the aircraft ?

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