MEANING AND DEFINITION
Welfare means faring or doing well. It refers to the physical, mental, moral and emotionalwell-being of an individual. Further, the term welfare is a relative concept, relative in time andspace. It, therefore, varies from time to time, from region to region and from country to country.Employee welfare, also referred to as betterment work for employees, relates to taking careof the well-being of workers by employers, trade unions and government and non-governmentalagencies. It is rather difficult to define the term labour welfare precisely because of the relatively of the concept.The Oxford dictionary defines employee welfare as “efforts to make life worth living for workmen”. It is however, difficult to precisely define the scope of these efforts. Different writershave defined it in different ways. Some writers say that only voluntary efforts on the part of employers to improve the conditions of employment in their factories from the scope of employeewelfare efforts. Some others say that it includes not only voluntary efforts of the employer but alsothe minimum standards of hygiene and safely laid down in general legislation. Here are some of thedefinitions given by some of the experts.“Employee welfare is a term which must necessarily be elastic, bearing a somewhat differentinterpretation in one country from another, according to the different social customs, the degree of industrialization and educational level of the workers”.According to Dr Parandikar, “Employee welfare work is work for improving the health,safety and general well being and the industrial efficiency of the workers beyond the minimumstandard lay down by labour organisation”.Employee welfare refers to all those efforts of employers, trade unions, voluntaryorganizations and governmental agencies which help employees feel better and perform better.Employee welfare has 2 aspects—negative and positive.On the negative side, employee welfare is concerned with counteracting the baneful effectsof the large-scale industrial system of production especially capitalistic, so far as India is concernedon the personal/family, and social life of the worker. On its positive side, it deals with the provisionof opportunities for the worker and his/her family for a good life as understood in its mostcomprehensive sense.
Kristu Jayanti college