American Perspectives on Conflict Resolution
The United States is at the forefront in developing techniques and strategies to prevent,reduce, or resolve conflict, whether among nations, groups, or individuals. Knowngenerally as conflict resolution, these efforts by the U.S. and other U.N. member stateshave their roots in the United Nations Charter and have gained growing recognition andsupport since the end of the Cold War.The U.S. government’s wide-ranging initiatives in this field include mediating regionalconflicts, promoting democracy and human rights around the world, and strengtheningthe institutions that provide the basis for global peace and prosperity. A host of nongovernmental organizations assist in these efforts by bringing together conflictingparties, out of public view, to further mutual understanding and develop creative solutions.This issue of
U.S. Foreign Policy Agenda
offers American perspectives on many issuesrelated to the study and practice of peacebuilding and explores both official and unofficialU.S. efforts to manage, prevent, and resolve conflicts.In the focus section, two high-ranking U.S. officials, in separate interviews, give anoverview of U.S. policy regarding conflict resolution and preventive diplomacy and discussthe work being done in this field by the Organization for Security and Cooperation inEurope; in addition, a prominent scholar defines preventive diplomacy and describes how it works. Another expert assesses the future of U.S. efforts — governmental andnongovernmental — to promote peace. Finally, representatives of three well-knownorganizations involved in conflict resolution — the United States Institute of Peace, TheCarter Center, and the Institute for Multi-Track Diplomacy — describe their work, and afact sheet outlines 20 U.S. groups involved in the field.
U. S. FOREIGN POLICY AGENDAUSIA ELECTRONIC JOURNALSVOLUME 1 • NUMBER 19 • DECEMBER 1996