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Dymoke Genealogy

Dymoke Genealogy

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Published by Jeff Martin
Dymoke Genealogy- Ancestry of Sir Thomas Dymoke of Scrivelsby Court, Lincolnshire.
Dymoke Genealogy- Ancestry of Sir Thomas Dymoke of Scrivelsby Court, Lincolnshire.

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Categories:Types, Research, Genealogy
Published by: Jeff Martin on May 17, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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- b.c.1265, m.
, d. of Hugh de Plessis of Codlington, Lancashire and Isabel Biset
- b.c.1290, m.
John was usher of the Exchequer.
- b.c.1322, m.
(d. 26 Mar. 1415), d. 16 Apr. 1381 Scrivelsby
 b.c.1322 Dymock, Gloucestershirem.
(d. 26 Mar. 1415), d. of Thomas Ludlow and Catherine Stokesd. 16 Apr. 1381 Scrivelsby, LincolnshireSir John was knighted in 1373 and was the MP for Lincolnshire for 1372, 1373 and in 1377.In right of his wife, Sir John served as the king's Champion.
The service of' King's Champion haD its origin in the ancient feudal law of Trial by Combat. His duty wasto present himself during the second course of the Coronation Banquet in Westminster Hall, fully armedand mounted on "the second best charger from the King's stables " with two squires carrying his lance andshield.During the fourteenth century the office of King's Champion was regarded with increasing respect andsignificance. By that time the Champion did not wait to make his first dramatic appearance in Westminster Hall, but rode in the Coronation Procession to the Abbey and proclaimed his challenge during the journeyas well as at the Coronation Banquet.The King’s Champion originally made his Challenge before the actual Coronation ceremony took place,which would make sense as there is little point in arguing about an act that's already taken place. Theappearance of the Champion is delayed until the Banquet to emphasize that the Challenge is an act of  pageantry.During the Coronation Banquet there was a loud knocking on the great doors of Westminster Hall, and afanfare of trumpets announced the arrival of the Champion. Immediately the Earl Marshal followed by theLord High Constable, answered the summons. The doors were flung open, and in came the picturesquecavalcade. The Heralds came first, followed by the two squires carrying the Champion's arms, and thenriding between the Earl Marshal and the Lord High Constable was the King's Champion. Both horse andrider were fully clad in the finest armour. An Officer of the Household usually inquired in a loud voice themeaning of the intrusion into the king's presence, and, at a sign from the Champion, one of the Heralds proceeded to read out the Challenge at the conclusion of which the Champion flung down his gauntlet toinvite a challenger. Eyewitnesses described this part of the great ceremony as the most striking of all the proceedings on Coronation Day.At the Coronation of King Richard II the coronation was carried out in a most lavish and costly scale, andmust be considered one of the most magnificent of English coronations. For the first time the service of King's Champion was publicly proclaimed and applauded and definite fees were assigned to his office.These fees included the horse, saddle, armour, and furniture used by him during the ceremony, and, later,there was added a gold cup and cover weighing thirty-six ounces together with twenty yards of crimsonsatin for his mantle. But it was also decided that the King’s Champion could not claim all of these prerequisites if no actual combat took place. If unchallenged, the King's Champion full fees were a gift thatdepended entirely on the royal pleasure. Since no such combat has ever taken place in recorded history, theChampion's fee came to be recognized as a gold cup and cover, and a glance at the fine array of gold cupsstill kept at Scrivelsby will reveal that many of them lack covers. In the excitement of drinking theSovereign's health, the Champion usually forgot his gold cover and rode away clasping his cup. While theChampion was rarely awarded his full fees as originally propounded by John of Gaunt, there has seldom been any meanness over the matter of accoutrements. Most Sovereigns have insisted, no matter what statethe Treasury happened to be in at the time, on their Champion being well provided for.Sir John served as the king's Champion at the Coronation of Richard II on 16 July 1377:
 In the meane time Sir John Dimmocke had been to the King's armorie and stable, where he had chosenaccording to his tenure, the best armour, save one; and the best steed, save one; so that the said John Dimmocke having armed himself, and being mounted on horsebacke, came to the Abbeie gates, with tworiding before him, the one carrying his speare, and the other his shield, staieing there till Mass should beended. But the Lord Henrie Percie, Lord Marshall, appointed to make waie before the King, with diversothers, being all mounted on great horses, came to the Knight and told him, that he ought not to come at that time, but when the King was at dinner, and therefore it should be good for him to unarme himself for awhile, and take his ease and rest, till the appointed time were come; so the Knight did, as the Lord Marshall willed him.
Sir Baldwin de Freville, Lord of Tamworth Castle, son of Jane Marmion, and Margaret de Ludlow’s Uncle,laid claim to the the office of Champion in right of his mother claiming that the role of Champion wentwith Tamworth Castle. The Lord Steward temporarily ruled in Dymoke’s favor while allowing time for Freville to produce documents to prove his claim with King Edward III and his son Edward, the Black Prince, supporting this decision. The Court of Claims set up prior to the Coronation of King Richard IIupheld Sir John Dymoke's petition against Sir Baldwin de Frevile. De Frevile’s claim as a descendant of the eldest Jane Marmion was not allowed because Castle Tamworth is held by Knight Service, whereasScrivelsby is held in Grand Sergeanty. De Freville didn’t press the claim further due to ill health and diedon 30 Dec 1387. The De Frevilles again disputed the Dymoke’s claim to the title when Sir Baldwin's son brought up the issue. However, he failed to produce sufficient evidence and died on 4 Oct 1400 before thematter was finally discussed. The Dymoke’s claim to the office of King's Champion was never againdisputed.There is an old ballad entitled
The Champions of England 
which tells Sir John's story:The Norman Barons MarmyonAt Norman Court held high degree:Brave Knights and Champions, every one,To him who won brave Scrivelsby.These Lincoln lands the Conqueror gave,That England’s glove they should conveyTo Knight renowned among the brave,The Baron bold of Fontenay.The royal grant from sire to sonDevolved direct in capite,Until deceased Phill. Marmyon,When rose fair Joan of Scrivelsby.From London city on the Thames,To Berwick town upon the Tweed,Came gallants, all of courtly names,At feet of Joan their cause to plead.Yet malgre all this goodly band,The maiden's smiles young Ludlow won,Her heart and hand, her grant and land,The sword and shield of Marmyon.Out upon time, the scurvy knave,Spoiler of youth, hard-hearted churl:Fast mowing to one common graveGoodwife and ladie, hind and earl.Out upon time, since the world began, No Sabbath hath his grey-hound limb:In coursing man, devoted man,To age and death--out, out on him.In Lincoln's chancel, side by side,Their effigies from marble hewn,The anni written when they died,Repose de Ludlow and Dame Joan.

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