Dam Safety Initiative
In 1999, MCD began a multi-year Dam SaetyInitiative (DSI) capital improvement plan to ensurethe integrity o the dams or uture generations.The schedule was aggressive and the costswere conservative.The plans called or addressing underseepage— water that seeps through a dam’s oundationand can lead to dam ailure—at all fve dams byconstructing projects along the downstream toeso the dams.The plans also included modiying the crest at threedams by constructing impermeable cut-o walls to prevent stored ood waters rom seeping throughthe embankments. In addition, major repairswould be made to concrete at the dams. Concreteoodwalls and revetment would be replaced atseveral locations.By the end o 2009, MCD had:
Addressed underseepage at three o the fve dams(Germantown, Taylorsville and Human) usingcombinations o relie wells, weighted toe bermsand toe drains.
Completed relie well projects at the other two dams (Englewood and Lockington) along witha weighted toe berm and toe drain projectat Lockington Dam.
Completed crest walls at Human, Taylorsvilleand Englewood dams. MCD completed crestremediation projects at Germantown and Lockington dams beore the DSI in 1970 and 1993,respectively.
Repaired concrete revetment and oodwallsin Troy, Dayton, and Hamilton.
Completed concrete inspection at LockingtonDam.
Final underseepage projects
The geology at Lockington Dam is more complexthan at the other our dams. The dam’s oundationsits on ractured limestone bedrock. The uniquegeology required more testing—and creativity— to determine a solution to control the underseepage.While relie wells and weighted toe berms have been installed to help address the problem, groutingo our large areas in the oundation east and westo the spillway also is necessary. Grouting isexpected to start in 2010.At Englewood Dam, MCD installed additionalrelie wells in 2009. A weighted toe berm and toedrains will complete the underseepage control.
Concrete repairs needed at the dams
As part o the DSI, MCD completed a thoroughinspection o the concrete at Lockington Dam. In2009, MCD hired a contractor to dewater the dam’seast conduit to inspect the concrete.The dam’s concrete was visually inspected or cracking and spalling (surace pieces alling o),and the entire surace was mapped. In addition,workers drilled into the concrete, taking samples to be analyzed at a lab.MCD last inspected the concrete in the 1970s and subsequently perormed repairs to the concrete.The 2009 inspection showed a good news/bad news scenario.“The concrete below the waterline is in excellentshape,” says Kurt Rinehart, MCD chie engineer,“but there are problems above the waterline—aresult o reezing and thawing over the years.”Despite needing repair, there is no immediatethreat to the dam. The deterioration, however, willcontinue i not repaired. Repairs to LockingtonDam concrete will be more extensive than in the past, with some repair work as deep as 2 eet intothe spillway walls. The total estimated cost or repairs to Lockington Dam concrete is about$10 million.“Given that the concrete at the dams is about 90years old, it has held up very well,” Rinehart says,“but like bridges and roads and other concretestructures, repairs are necessary and can beexpensive.”Although MCD hasn’t inspected the concrete at theother our dams, it anticipates similar fndings ateach. MCD will add the concrete repair projects atthe dams to its list o capital improvement projectsthat will be needed in the coming years.
Workers inspect concrete inthe dewatered stilling basin at Lockington Dam.
“The concrete below thewaterline is in excellentshape,” says Kurt Rinehart,MCD chief engineer, “butthere are problems abovethe waterline—a result of freezing and thawing overthe years.”