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Miami Conservancy District 2010 annual report

Miami Conservancy District 2010 annual report

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Published by fortheloveofdayton
The Deed: The Miami Conservancy District's Annual Report to the Miami Valley, 2010, Dayton Ohio
The Deed: The Miami Conservancy District's Annual Report to the Miami Valley, 2010, Dayton Ohio

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Published by: fortheloveofdayton on May 17, 2010
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Our Region’s Water:Protecting. Preserving. Promoting.
The Miami ConservancyDistrict protectscommunities inSouthwest Ohio fromooding, preserves thequality and quantity of water, and promotesthe enjoyment of our waterways.
The Miami Conservancy District’s Annual Report to the Miami Valley 2010
Miami Conservancy District levees havewithstood every storm event since their construction nearly 90 years ago. But anextensive engineering analysis has revealed a potential vulnerability with the oundation o the levees.MCD is doing the engineering analysis tocomply with the Federal Emergency ManagementAgency’s (FEMA) eort to update ood insurance rate maps nationwide. For levees to be shown on the new maps as oering protection,the levees must protect to the 100-year ood (a storm event that has a 1-percent chance o occurring in any given year).“There are eight dierent requirements that eachlevee section must pass, “says Kurt Rinehart,MCD chie engineer. “Ater extensive studies inButler and Warren counties where FEMA beganthe process locally, MCD levees have exceeded most o the standards. One area o concern isoundation stability or underseepage.Underseepage is water that seeps through adam or levee oundation. Water owing under  pressure through the oundation soils can causesoil particles to move, creating voids in theoundation which in turn allow more water toow. This situation is called piping because theow creates a “pipe” in the oundation and canlead to instability and potential levee ailure.Science was not advanced enough to knowabout the eects o underseepage when theMCD dams and levees were built. MCD hasaddressed underseepage at three o its fve damsand expects to fnish capital improvements atEnglewood and Lockington dams by next year.“We’re working to determine how many mileso levee will need improvements,” says JanetBly, MCD general manager. “The analysis isunder way in Butler, Warren, and Miami counties but hasn’t yet begun in Montgomery County.Since the oundations all have similar geology,it’s likely there could be problem areas ineach county.Unortunately, i a levee section doesn’t meetevery single requirement, FEMA will deaccreditthat levee section. This means cities will haveto enorce oodplain regulations regardingdevelopment, and many homeowners will berequired to purchase ood insurance. Flood insurance is available to virtually everyone butcurrently is optional. (More inormation onood insurance)“It’s important to note that i a levee section isdeaccredited, that doesn’t mean the levee willail,” Bly says. “The probability o a stormlarge enough to put this kind o pressure on thelevees remains small, and the risk o piping iseven smaller. Plus, there are ood-fghting stepsthat can be taken to urther reduce the risk o levee ailure. And remember, these levees havewithstood every storm since 1922.”
The process
More than 18 miles o levee have been evaluated in Butler and Warren counties, and another 7.5 miles o levee in Miami County are under review. FEMA provides only a two-year windowto complete the extensive review and submitthe report including detailed data, drawings and analyses or each levee section.
Expensive x 
Potential underseepage at levees
Underseepage story continued on page 8.
Workers drill deep intothe levee to retrieve soil samples for analysis.
 
Protecting
Dam Safety Initiative
2
In 1999, MCD began a multi-year Dam SaetyInitiative (DSI) capital improvement plan to ensurethe integrity o the dams or uture generations.The schedule was aggressive and the costswere conservative.The plans called or addressing underseepage— water that seeps through a dam’s oundationand can lead to dam ailure—at all fve dams byconstructing projects along the downstream toeso the dams.The plans also included modiying the crest at threedams by constructing impermeable cut-o walls to prevent stored ood waters rom seeping throughthe embankments. In addition, major repairswould be made to concrete at the dams. Concreteoodwalls and revetment would be replaced atseveral locations.By the end o 2009, MCD had:
n
Addressed underseepage at three o the fve dams(Germantown, Taylorsville and Human) usingcombinations o relie wells, weighted toe bermsand toe drains.
n
Completed relie well projects at the other two dams (Englewood and Lockington) along witha weighted toe berm and toe drain projectat Lockington Dam.
n
Completed crest walls at Human, Taylorsvilleand Englewood dams. MCD completed crestremediation projects at Germantown and Lockington dams beore the DSI in 1970 and 1993,respectively.
n
Repaired concrete revetment and oodwallsin Troy, Dayton, and Hamilton.
n
Completed concrete inspection at LockingtonDam.
Final underseepage projects
The geology at Lockington Dam is more complexthan at the other our dams. The dam’s oundationsits on ractured limestone bedrock. The uniquegeology required more testing—and creativity— to determine a solution to control the underseepage.While relie wells and weighted toe berms have been installed to help address the problem, groutingo our large areas in the oundation east and westo the spillway also is necessary. Grouting isexpected to start in 2010.At Englewood Dam, MCD installed additionalrelie wells in 2009. A weighted toe berm and toedrains will complete the underseepage control.
Concrete repairs needed at the dams
As part o the DSI, MCD completed a thoroughinspection o the concrete at Lockington Dam. In2009, MCD hired a contractor to dewater the dam’seast conduit to inspect the concrete.The dam’s concrete was visually inspected or cracking and spalling (surace pieces alling o),and the entire surace was mapped. In addition,workers drilled into the concrete, taking samples to be analyzed at a lab.MCD last inspected the concrete in the 1970s and subsequently perormed repairs to the concrete.The 2009 inspection showed a good news/bad news scenario.“The concrete below the waterline is in excellentshape,” says Kurt Rinehart, MCD chie engineer,“but there are problems above the waterline—aresult o reezing and thawing over the years.”Despite needing repair, there is no immediatethreat to the dam. The deterioration, however, willcontinue i not repaired. Repairs to LockingtonDam concrete will be more extensive than in the past, with some repair work as deep as 2 eet intothe spillway walls. The total estimated cost or repairs to Lockington Dam concrete is about$10 million.“Given that the concrete at the dams is about 90years old, it has held up very well,” Rinehart says,“but like bridges and roads and other concretestructures, repairs are necessary and can beexpensive.”Although MCD hasn’t inspected the concrete at theother our dams, it anticipates similar fndings ateach. MCD will add the concrete repair projects atthe dams to its list o capital improvement projectsthat will be needed in the coming years.
Workers inspect concrete inthe dewatered stilling basin at Lockington Dam.
“The concrete below thewaterline is in excellentshape,” says Kurt Rinehart,MCD chief engineer, “butthere are problems abovethe waterline—a result of freezing and thawing overthe years.”
 
Floodwall exercise
Practice makes perfect
It would take a massive storm—even larger thanthe 1913 ood—or the river in downtown Daytonto rise high enough to ow through the openlevee at RiverScape. Still, MCD prepares or all possibilities.That’s why sta members rom MCD, the City o Dayton and Five Rivers MetroParks installed aoodwall at the RiverScape plaza last all as part o a ood protection exercise.“When RiverScape was developed, a portion o thelevee was removed,” says Kurt Rinehart, MCD chie engineer. “The oodwall provides protection or that section o the levee should the water ever getthat high. Every ew years, we work with the Cityo Dayton and MetroParks to practice installingthe oodwall to keep everyone current on the procedure.”To install the oodwall, caps are removed rom the plaza oor area and posts put into the openings.A backhoe is used to install sections o aluminumstoplogs. The main oodwall is about 3 or 4 eethigh and about 160 eet wide with another smaller opening—about 30 eet wide—west o the plaza.The installation takes about three hours.
3
2009 high water events
When it comes to high-water events, 2009 wassignifcant not because o the size o the events butor the lack o it.Consider this:
n
For the frst time in 16 years, there were no highwater events big enough to cause all fve dams tostore water simultaneously, according to MCDrecords.
n
In all, there were 13 storage events—when the pool elevation exceeds the top o the dam outletconduits—about a third less than the 19 events weaverage each year.
n
 None o the 13 storage events had more thantwo dams storing oodwaters at any one time.
n
Human Dam did not have any storage eventsin 2009—the frst time that’s happened in 19 years.The largest event o 2009 took place February 8-12, resulting in total peak storage o 10,955 acre-eet (3.6 billion gallons). The high water event wastriggered by melting snow on February 8 and 9,ollowed by 0.7 to 1.2 inches o rain alling withinthe Great Miami River Watershed on February 10,11, and 12. The heaviest rainall occurred northo Dayton in Darke, Miami, Logan, and Shelbycounties.“From a fnancial standpoint the lack o high-water events was benefcial in that we didn’t havea lot o costs in overtime,” says Janet Bly, MCDgeneral manager. “In this economy, every little bito savings helps.”
Flood Protection
Like virtually everycommunity and organizationin the watershed, MCD hasbeen looking carefully at itsbudget and tightening its belt.Some of the actions we havetaken include:
n
Freezing wages for 2010
n
Reducing health insurancebenets
n
Restricting travel
n
Obtaining grants from state/federal sources
n
Revising equipmentreplacement schedules todelay equipment purchases
n
Using seasonal staff in placeof full-time staff whenpossible
Flood Protection Revenues(2009 Actual)
n
 Assessments
($4,422,356)
n
Intergovernmental
($135,202)
n
Other
($120,348)
n
Fees & Charges
($107,276)
n
Interest
($38,348)
For the rst time in 19 years, HuffmanDam had no storage events.

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